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2 - Contexts of citizen participation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 September 2009

Clair Gough
Affiliation:
Research Associate Research Associate at Manchester School of Management, UMIST and at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UK
Éric Darier
Affiliation:
Greenpeace Canada
Bruna De Marchi
Affiliation:
Head of the Mass Emergencies Program (PEM) Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia (ISIG), Italy
Silvio Funtowicz
Affiliation:
Head of the Knowledge Assessment Methodologies Sector European Commission Joint Research Center
Robin Grove-White
Affiliation:
Professor Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Furness College, Lancaster University, UK; Chair Lancaster University's Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC)
Ângela Guimarães Pereira
Affiliation:
Scientific Officer Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen
Simon Shackley
Affiliation:
Lecturer in Environmental Management and Policy Environmental Management and Policy, Manchester School of Management, UMIST
Brian Wynne
Affiliation:
Professor of Science Studies Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy at Furness College, Lancaster University, UK
Bernd Kasemir
Affiliation:
Harvard University, Massachusetts
Jill Jäger
Affiliation:
International Human Dimensions Programme, Bonn
Carlo C. Jaeger
Affiliation:
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Matthew T. Gardner
Affiliation:
Biogen Inc.
William C. Clark
Affiliation:
Harvard University, Massachusetts
Alexander Wokaun
Affiliation:
Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
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Summary

Climate change: between democracy and expertise?

Climate change represents one of society's most challenging environmental concerns and has been a major factor in changes in the way that environmental policies are debated and informed. Climate change policy faces at least three major challenges: (1) what is known – or not known – about climate change, in particular regarding the relative importance of anthropogenic factors; (2) what can and should be done; and (3) who should do something about it?

Since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, these challenges have been addressed in several ways: (a) by increasing research and international sharing and integration of expertise on climate change (e.g., the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change); (b) by developing international agreements on issues such as the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions; and (c) by promoting national/local strategies to fulfil international agreements (e.g., Local Agenda 21 – community defined strategies for sustainable development arising from the first “Earth Summit” held in Rio in 1992). These challenges all include policy and scientific aspects but also raise questions over the interpretation of Local Agenda 21 (Tuxworth 1996; Selman and Parker 1997; Voisey et al. 1996; Young 1996; Young 1997). How local is “local”? What kind of “agenda” is “Agenda 21”? Whose “agenda” is it? Answers to these questions vary according to the perspectives and purposes of those asking the questions in the first place.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2003

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  • Contexts of citizen participation
    • By Clair Gough, Research Associate Research Associate at Manchester School of Management, UMIST and at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UK, Éric Darier, Greenpeace Canada, Bruna De Marchi, Head of the Mass Emergencies Program (PEM) Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia (ISIG), Italy, Silvio Funtowicz, Head of the Knowledge Assessment Methodologies Sector European Commission Joint Research Center, Robin Grove-White, Professor Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Furness College, Lancaster University, UK; Chair Lancaster University's Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC), Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Scientific Officer Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Simon Shackley, Lecturer in Environmental Management and Policy Environmental Management and Policy, Manchester School of Management, UMIST, Brian Wynne, Professor of Science Studies Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy at Furness College, Lancaster University, UK
  • Edited by Bernd Kasemir, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Jill Jäger, International Human Dimensions Programme, Bonn, Carlo C. Jaeger, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Matthew T. Gardner, Biogen Inc.
  • Foreword by William C. Clark, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Alexander Wokaun, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
  • Book: Public Participation in Sustainability Science
  • Online publication: 22 September 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511490972.006
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  • Contexts of citizen participation
    • By Clair Gough, Research Associate Research Associate at Manchester School of Management, UMIST and at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UK, Éric Darier, Greenpeace Canada, Bruna De Marchi, Head of the Mass Emergencies Program (PEM) Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia (ISIG), Italy, Silvio Funtowicz, Head of the Knowledge Assessment Methodologies Sector European Commission Joint Research Center, Robin Grove-White, Professor Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Furness College, Lancaster University, UK; Chair Lancaster University's Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC), Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Scientific Officer Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Simon Shackley, Lecturer in Environmental Management and Policy Environmental Management and Policy, Manchester School of Management, UMIST, Brian Wynne, Professor of Science Studies Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy at Furness College, Lancaster University, UK
  • Edited by Bernd Kasemir, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Jill Jäger, International Human Dimensions Programme, Bonn, Carlo C. Jaeger, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Matthew T. Gardner, Biogen Inc.
  • Foreword by William C. Clark, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Alexander Wokaun, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
  • Book: Public Participation in Sustainability Science
  • Online publication: 22 September 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511490972.006
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Contexts of citizen participation
    • By Clair Gough, Research Associate Research Associate at Manchester School of Management, UMIST and at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, UK, Éric Darier, Greenpeace Canada, Bruna De Marchi, Head of the Mass Emergencies Program (PEM) Institute of International Sociology of Gorizia (ISIG), Italy, Silvio Funtowicz, Head of the Knowledge Assessment Methodologies Sector European Commission Joint Research Center, Robin Grove-White, Professor Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy, Furness College, Lancaster University, UK; Chair Lancaster University's Centre for the Study of Environmental Change (CSEC), Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Scientific Officer Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Simon Shackley, Lecturer in Environmental Management and Policy Environmental Management and Policy, Manchester School of Management, UMIST, Brian Wynne, Professor of Science Studies Institute for Environment, Philosophy and Public Policy at Furness College, Lancaster University, UK
  • Edited by Bernd Kasemir, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Jill Jäger, International Human Dimensions Programme, Bonn, Carlo C. Jaeger, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Matthew T. Gardner, Biogen Inc.
  • Foreword by William C. Clark, Harvard University, Massachusetts, Alexander Wokaun, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
  • Book: Public Participation in Sustainability Science
  • Online publication: 22 September 2009
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511490972.006
Available formats
×