Published online by Cambridge University Press: 14 April 2020
The chapter presents an analysis of the application of the proportionality doctrine in the case law of the Israeli Supreme Court. Based on both a qualitative and quantitative analysis of a large sample of case law applying proportionality, the chapter uses quantitative indicators to provide an overview of the characteristics of proportionality analysis in action, including the rights and subject matters to which proportionality is applied, the division of labour between the stages of the analysis when striking down measures, and termination rates for each stage following a failure. The findings expose that, contrary to the common conception, it is overwhelmingly common for measures to fail the analysis prior to the final stage, including the suitability stage and especially the necessity stage. The justification of the invalidation of measures is typically made up of a combination of disproportional harm relative to benefit together with additional flaws in the policy, as reflected by the other subtests of the doctrine. The chapter further analyses qualitatively the formulations and applications in practice of each of proportionality's subtests, exposing the range of interpretations given and the content that has been infused into the different stages.
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