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6 - The Politics of Development in the Era of Liberalisation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 June 2019

Felicitas Becker
Affiliation:
Universiteit Gent, Belgium
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Summary

Chapter 5 showed that villagisation passed with the problems surrounding market access unsolved, and with no discernible systemic changes to production beyond those necessitated by greater distances between cultivators and their crops. Likewise, cultivators’ expectation that the state support them in their efforts to reach markets remained urgent. By contrast, in terms of policy the failure of villagisation catalysed major changes. It coincided with a global shift in economic thought away from attributing governments a positive role, and opened the door for the replacement of the early post-colonial ‘statist’ approaches to development, with national governments at the centre, with different organisational forms that persist until now.1 These newer forms, dominant since the 1990s, are characterised by the increased influence of international donors on the design and implementation of programmes and projects, and by donors’ increasing reliance on an ever-expanding variety of so-called non-governmental organisations (NGOs) for the same purposes.2

Type
Chapter
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The Politics of Poverty
Policy-Making and Development in Rural Tanzania
, pp. 210 - 248
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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