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Chapter 3 - Occasions

Context Collapse in the Multinational System of Socialist Realism, 1934–1938

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 December 2023

Samuel Hodgkin
Affiliation:
Yale University, Connecticut
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Summary

This chapter traces the transformation of the Persian poetic classics from a living textual corpus into a pantheon of heritage objects for the use of national literary institutions. Its focus is on the creation of national literatures for the Soviet eastern republics of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan from their establishment until the late Stalin period, but it shows how those literatures coevolved with Iranian and Turkish national canons, and with cosmopolitan and international post-Persianate canons. In its readings of the major classical poets Rudaki, Firdawsi, Khayyam, Nizami, Nava’i, and Bidil in modern anthologies, commentaries, and theatrical adaptations, the chapter emphasizes the asynchronous intervention of the classical poets themselves in their reception. The creation of these national literatures was a successful contestation of the representative authority of Western orientalists by national scholars, writers, and cultural officials, which would be widely imitated by postcolonial state cultural bureaucracies during the Cold War. The chapter’s central episodes are a series of anthologies published in Istanbul and Moscow in the early 1920s for Turcophone readerships; the founding Tajik anthology composed by Sadr al-Din ‘Ayni; the attack on the canon mounted by Central Asian radical folklorist–critics; and the Stalinist jubilees for classical Persianate poets.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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  • Occasions
  • Samuel Hodgkin, Yale University, Connecticut
  • Book: Persianate Verse and the Poetics of Eastern Internationalism
  • Online publication: 14 December 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009411622.004
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  • Occasions
  • Samuel Hodgkin, Yale University, Connecticut
  • Book: Persianate Verse and the Poetics of Eastern Internationalism
  • Online publication: 14 December 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009411622.004
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Occasions
  • Samuel Hodgkin, Yale University, Connecticut
  • Book: Persianate Verse and the Poetics of Eastern Internationalism
  • Online publication: 14 December 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009411622.004
Available formats
×