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Chapter 10 - Examination of the Foot and Ankle

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 April 2022

Fazal Ali
Chesterfield Royal Hospital
Nick Harris
Spire Hospital, Leeds
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Foot and ankle examination begins with the patient standing. Then ask the patient to walk, observing the gait and the three rockers. If the diagnosis is pes planus or pes cavus, the relevant tests can be done at this point of the examination, a single leg tiptoe test or the Coleman block test, respectively. Inspection is then completed by asking the patient to sit and inspect the sole of the foot, between the toes and the shoes. Movements are performed in the joints from proximal to distal or distal to proximal, depending on the underlying pathology.

The chapter looks at a wide variety of pathology and the clinical examination findings related to these cases.

Orthopaedic Examination Techniques
A Practical Guide
, pp. 172 - 192
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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