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4 - Properties of Minerals

Explanations and Applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 August 2021

Alan Rubin
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles
Chi Ma
Affiliation:
Caltech
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Summary

One broad-brush approach to systematizing minerals is to divide them into two categories: (1) native elements and their alloys (e.g., Au, Ag, Cu, C, S, Ni3Fe, Fe5C2) and (2) compounds (e.g., sulfides, sulfates, oxides, halides, silicates, carbides, carbonates, phosphides, phosphates, tungstates, nitrides). Compounds are grouped together based on their monatomic or polyatomic anions. This is a natural classification system (first adopted by Jacob Berzelius) because the chemical properties of minerals within these groups tend to be similar. For example, the properties of anhydrite (CaSO4) more closely resemble those of other sulfates such as barite (BaSO4) and celestine (SrSO4) than those of other Ca-rich minerals, e.g., calcite (CaCO3), oldhamite (CaS), fluorite (CaF2), antarcticite (CaCl2·6(H2O)), lime (CaO), apatite (Ca5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH)), scheelite (CaWO4), portlandite (Ca(OH)2), powellite (CaMoO4), and wollastonite (CaSiO3).

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Meteorite Mineralogy , pp. 66 - 91
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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  • Properties of Minerals
  • Alan Rubin, University of California, Los Angeles, Chi Ma
  • Book: Meteorite Mineralogy
  • Online publication: 11 August 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108613767.005
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  • Properties of Minerals
  • Alan Rubin, University of California, Los Angeles, Chi Ma
  • Book: Meteorite Mineralogy
  • Online publication: 11 August 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108613767.005
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Properties of Minerals
  • Alan Rubin, University of California, Los Angeles, Chi Ma
  • Book: Meteorite Mineralogy
  • Online publication: 11 August 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108613767.005
Available formats
×