Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-n4bck Total loading time: 2.22 Render date: 2022-08-19T14:27:00.943Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

11 - Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

from Section II - The Disorders

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 December 2017

Kate M. Scott
Affiliation:
University of Otago, New Zealand
Peter de Jonge
Affiliation:
Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, The Netherlands
Dan J. Stein
Affiliation:
University of Cape Town
Ronald C. Kessler
Affiliation:
Harvard Medical School
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Mental Disorders Around the World
Facts and Figures from the World Mental Health Surveys
, pp. 153 - 166
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Alegria, M., Fortuna, L. R., Lin, J. Y., et al. (2013). Prevalence, risk, and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder across ethnic and racial minority groups in the United States. Medical Care, 51, 1114–23.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alhasnawi, S., Sadik, S., Rasheed, M., et al. (2009). The prevalence and correlates of DSM-IV disorders in the Iraq Mental Health Survey (IMHS). World Psychiatry, 8, 97109.Google Scholar
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Atwoli, L., Stein, D. J., Williams, D. R., et al. (2013). Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in South Africa: analysis from the South African Stress and Health Study. BMC Psychiatry, 13, 182.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Benjet, C., Bromet, E., Karam, E., et al. (2016). The epidemiology of traumatic event exposure worldwide: results from the World Mental Health Survey Consortium. Psychological Medicine, 46, 327–43.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Breslau, N., Davis, G. C., & Schultz, L. R. (2003). Posttraumatic stress disorder and the incidence of nicotine, alcohol, and other drug disorders in persons who have experienced trauma. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60, 289–94.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Breslau, N., & Kessler, R. C. (2001). The stressor criterion in DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder: an empirical investigation. Biological Psychiatry, 50, 699704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brewin, C. R., Andrews, B., & Valentine, J. D. (2000). Meta-analysis of risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in trauma-exposed adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 748–66.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bryant, R. A., Nickerson, A., Creamer, M., et al. (2015). Trajectory of post-traumatic stress following traumatic injury: 6-year follow-up. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206, 417–23.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
de Jong, J. T., Komproe, I. H., Van Ommeren, M., et al. (2001). Lifetime events and posttraumatic stress disorder in 4 postconflict settings. JAMA, 286, 555–62.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hauffa, R., Rief, W., Brahler, E., et al. (2011). Lifetime traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder in the German population: results of a representative population survey. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 199, 934–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hoge, C. W., Riviere, L. A., Wilk, J. E., et al. (2014). The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in US combat soldiers: a head-to-head comparison of DSM-5 versus DSM-IV-TR symptom criteria with the PTSD checklist. The Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 269–77.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jeon, H. J., Suh, T., Lee, H. J., et al. (2007). Partial versus full PTSD in the Korean community: prevalence, duration, correlates, comorbidity, and dysfunctions. Depression and Anxiety, 24, 577–85.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Karam, E. G., Friedman, M. J., Hill, E. D., et al. (2014). Cumulative traumas and risk thresholds: 12-month PTSD in the World Mental Health (WMH) surveys. Depression and Anxiety, 31, 130–42.Google Scholar
Karam, E. G., Mneimneh, Z. N., Dimassi, H., et al. (2008). Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in Lebanon: first onset, treatment, and exposure to war. PLoS Medicine, 5, e61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kessler, R. C. (2000). Posttraumatic stress disorder: the burden to the individual and to society. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 61(Suppl 5), 412; discussion 1314.Google ScholarPubMed
Kessler, R. C., Amminger, G. P., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., et al. (2007). Age of onset of mental disorders: a review of recent literature. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 20, 359–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P., Demler, O., et al. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 593602.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kessler, R. C., & Üstün, T. B. (2004). The world mental health (WMH) survey initiative version of the world health organization (WHO) composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 13, 93121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kilpatrick, D. G., Resnick, H. S., Milanak, M. E., et al. (2013). National estimates of exposure to traumatic events and PTSD prevalence using DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 537–47.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Koenen, K. C., Hitsman, B., Lyons, M. J., et al. (2006). Posttraumatic stress disorder and late-onset smoking in the Vietnam era twin registry. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 186–90.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Osenbach, J. E., Lewis, C., Rosenfeld, B., et al. (2014). Exploring the longitudinal trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder in injured trauma survivors. Psychiatry, 77, 386–97.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Perkonigg, A., Kessler, R. C., Storz, S., et al. (2000). Traumatic events and post-traumatic stress disorder in the community: prevalence, risk factors and comorbidity. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 101, 4659.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Roberts, A. L., Gilman, S. E., Breslau, J., et al. (2011). Race/ethnic differences in exposure to traumatic events, development of post-traumatic stress disorder, and treatment-seeking for post-traumatic stress disorder in the United States. Psychological Medicine, 41, 7183.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stein, D. J., McLaughlin, K. A., Koenen, K. C., et al. (2014). DSM-5 and ICD-11 definitions of posttraumatic stress disorder: Investigating “narrow” and “broad” approaches. Depression and Anxiety, 31, 494505.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tolin, D. F., & Foa, E. B. (2006). Sex differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a quantitative review of 25 years of research. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 959–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Ameringen, M., Mancini, C., Patterson, B., et al. (2008). Post-traumatic stress disorder in Canada. CNS Neuroscience and Therapeutics, 14, 171–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, P. S., Angermeyer, M., Borges, G., et al. (2007). Delay and failure in treatment seeking after first onset of mental disorders in the World Health Organization's World Mental Health Survey Initiative. World Psychiatry, 6, 177–85.Google Scholar
Wang, P. S., Berglund, P., Olfson, M., et al. (2005). Failure and delay in initial treatment contact after first onset of mental disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 603–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
World Health Organization (2014). Mental Health Atlas. Geneva: WHO Press.

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×