Published online by Cambridge University Press: 05 April 2021
The aim of this chapter is not to provide all practical details necessary for proper semen examination. There already exist other sources for that type of information [1, 2]. The purpose of this chapter is therefore to focus on biological and physiological aspects that are relevant to the examination of human ejaculates. It is aimed to give the clinician a proper background to set requirements for a qualitative laboratory service needed to diagnose and treat men with disorders in the male reproductive organs contributing to couple infertility.