Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-qcsxw Total loading time: 0.212 Render date: 2022-08-09T05:15:57.380Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

6 - Integrating tiny RFID- and NFC-based sensors with the Internet

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 October 2014

Luca Roselli
Affiliation:
Università degli Studi di Perugia, Italy
Get access

Summary

Introduction

In the upcoming era of ubiquitous cognition, the capability of gathering, processing, and presenting vast amounts of data captured by spatially distributed sensors in an efficient and low-cost way is as essential as ever. Although a plethora of ultra-low cost but yet powerful and physically small sensors have been demonstrated, only a few of these research efforts have managed to integrate these sensing modules with massive wireless sensor network (WSN) platforms: a sine-qua-non step.

The necessity of deploying WSN capabilities in sensing systems is highlighted by: (i) the increased physical range and the ability to overcome non-line-of-sight and path loss effects through multi-hopping; (ii) the enhanced reliability due to multipath communication even if some intermediate WSN nodes on the path toward the destination or a gateway fail; and (iii) the decreased power consumption of the radio transmission with multi-hopping, since it is more power efficient to relay packets over lower-strength shorter links than transmitting high strength signals over fewer long single-hop wireless links [1].

Toward that goal, demonstration of the prototypes presented in this chapter that realize real-time and distributed remote sensing within the scope of different applications serves as a proof of concept; it is possible to deploy WSN nodes in-between sensors and internet gateways. As a result of this approach, the primary task of the WSN nodes is not as data generators, as this is almost exclusively carried out by the sensors. Instead, the WSN nodes here serve simply as data routers that relay the sensed information through wireless multi-hop links to one or multiple gateways. It is important to note that the aforementioned prototyped wireless sensors cover the “last mile,” or more precisely the last wireless hop the length of which can range from a couple of meters to a few hundreds of meters.

Type
Chapter
Information
Green RFID Systems , pp. 152 - 175
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2014

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Lakafosis, V. and Tentzeris, M. M., “Implementation of multi-hop routing protocols for the dramatic range enhancement of wireless sensor networks,” Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, AP-S 2008, IEEE, pp. 1–4, 2008.
EPCglobal Inc., EPC Radio-Frequency Identity Protocols Class-1 Generation-2 UHF RFID Protocol for Communications at 860 MHz – 960 MHz Version 1.2.0, 2008.
ISO 18092 (ECMA-340) Information Technology – Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems – Near Field Communication – Interface and Protocol (NFCIP-1), 2004.
Alliance, ZigBee, “ZigBee specification,” ZigBee document 053474r06, version, vol. 1, p. 378, 2006.Google Scholar
Shelby, Z. and Bormann, C., “Introduction,” in 6LoWPAN, pp. 1–25, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crossbow Technology, XMesh User’s Manual, 2007.
Specification of the Bluetooth System, Version 1.1, , 2001.
Atzori, L., Iera, A., and Morabito, G., “The Internet of Things: A survey,” Computer Networks, 54, (15), 2787–2805, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vyas, R., Lakafosis, V., and Tentzeris, M., “Enabling localization in WSNs with solar-powered end devices,” in Proc-Conf. on Sensor networks, ubiquitous and trustworthy computing, IEEE, Newport Beach, CA, pp. 155–160, Jun. 2010.
Lakafosis, V., Vyas, R., and Tentzeris, M. M., “A localization and position tracking solution utilizing solar-powered RFID tags,” Proceedings of the Fourth European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), pp. 1–4, 2010.
Crossbow Technology, MICA2 Wireless Measurement System, 2007.
Zimmermann, H., “OSI reference model–The ISO model of architecture for open systems interconnection,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, 28, (4), 425–432, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stallings, W., Data and Computer Communications, 9th Edn., Prentice Hall, 2011.Google Scholar
Vyas, R., Lakafosis, V., and Tentzeris, M., “Wireless remote localization system utilizing ambient RF/solar power scavenging RFID tags,” in Microwave Symposium Digest (MTT), IEEE MTT-S International, pp. 1764–1767, 2010.
Konstas, Z., Rida, A., Vyas, R., et al., “A novel “Green” inkjet-printed Z-shaped monopole antenna for RFID applications,” in 3rd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2009, pp. 2340–2343, 2009.
Vyas, R., Lakafosis, V., Rida, A., et al., “Paper-based RFID-enabled wireless platforms for sensing applications,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 57, (5), 1370–1382, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sample, A. P., Yeager, D. J., Powledge, P. S., et al., “Design of an RFID-based battery-free programmable sensing platform,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 57, (11), 2608–2615, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marroncelli, M., Trinchero, D., Lakafosis, V., et al., “Concealable, low-cost paper-printed antennas for WISP-based RFIDs,” in IEEE International Conference on RFID, pp. 6–10, 2011.
Kimionis, J., Bletsas, A., Dimitriou, A. G., et al., “Inventory time reduction in Gen2 with single-antenna separation of FM0 RFID signals,” in IEEE International Conference on RFID-Technologies and Applications (RFID-TA), pp. 494–501, 2011.
Angerer, C., Langwieser, R., and Rupp, M., “RFID reader receivers for physical layer collision recovery,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, 58, (12), 3526–3537, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Donno, D., Lakafosis, V., Tarricone, L., et al., “Increasing performance of SDR-based collision-free RFID systems,” Microwave Symposium Digest (MTT), 2012 IEEE MTT-S International, pp. 1–3, 2012.
Taoran, L., Lakafosis, V., Ziyin, L., et al., “Inkjet-printed graphene-based wireless gas sensor modules,” in 62nd Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC), IEEE, pp. 1003–1008, 2012.
Lakafosis, V., Xiaohua, Y., Taoran, L., et al., “Wireless sensing with smart skins,” in Sensors, IEEE, pp. 623–626, 2011.
Xiaohua, Y., Chunhee, C., Chia-Hung, F., et al., “Wireless strain and crack sensing using a folded patch antenna,” in 6th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), pp. 1678–1681, 2012.
Mariotti, C., Lakafosis, V., Tentzeris, M., et al., “An IPv6-enabled wireless shoe-mounted platform for health-monitoring,” in IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks (WiSNet), pp. 46–48, 20–23 Jan. 2013.
Mariotti, C., Orecchini, G., Virili, M., et al., “RFID tag antenna embedded in concrete structures for construction industry,” in 6th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), pp. 3469–3472, 26–30 March 2012.
Kymissis, J., Kendall, C., Paradiso, J., et al., “Parasitic power harvesting in shoes,” in Digest of Papers, Second International Symposium on Wearable Computers, pp. 132–139, 1998.
Gay, D., Levis, P., von Behren, R., et al., “The nesC language: A holistic approach to networked embedded systems,” in Proceedings of the ACM SIGPLAN 2003 Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation, New York, NY, USA, pp. 1–11, 2003.Google Scholar
Barclay, L. W. and Institution of Electrical Engineers, Propagation of Radiowaves, Institution of Electrical Engineers, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, Y., Rida, A., Vyas, R., et al., “RFID tag and RF structures on a paper substrate using inkjet-printing technology,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 55, (12), 2894–2901, 2007.Google Scholar
Lakafosis, V., Rida, A., Vyas, R., et al., “Progress towards the first wireless sensor networks consisting of inkjet-printed, paper-based RFID-enabled sensor tags,” Proceedings of the IEEE, 98, (9), 1601–1609, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rida, A., Lakafosis, V., Vyas, R., et al., “Review of technologies for low-cost integrated sensors,” in IEEE International Conference on RFID-Technologies and Applications (RFID-TA), pp. 513–520, 2011.
Palacios, S., Rida, A., Sangkil, K., et al., “Towards a smart wireless integrated module (SWIM) on flexible organic substrates using inkjet printing technology for wireless sensor networks,” in IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (iWAT), pp. 20–23, 2012.
“System-on-Chip for 2.4 GHz ZigBee / IEEE 802.15.4 with Location Engine,” Texas Instruments, 2009.
Lakafosis, V., Traille, A., Hoseon, L., et al., “RF fingerprinting physical objects for anticounterfeiting applications,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 59, (2), 504–514, 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
“MSP430F543x, MSP430F541x Mixed Signal Microcontroller (Rev. C) – SLAS612C,” Texas Instruments, Mar. 2010.
“CC2530 A True System-on-Chip Solution for 2.4-GHz IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee Applications – SWRS081B,” Texas Instruments, Feb. 2011.
Doraswamy, N. and Harkins, D., IPSec: the New Security Standard for the Internet, Intranets, and Virtual Private Networks, Prentice Hall, 2003.Google Scholar
Shi, C., Lakafosis, V., Ammar, M. H., et al., Serendipity: A Distributed Computing Platform for Disruption Tolerant Networks, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011.Google Scholar
Lakafosis, V., Addagatla, S., Belady, C., et al., “Prometheus: A wirelessly interconnected, pico-datacenter framework for the developing world,” in 10th International Conference on Wired / Wireless Internet Communications (WWIC 2012), Island of Santorini, Greece, 2012.Google Scholar
Greenberg, A., Hamilton, J., Maltz, D. A., et al., “The cost of a cloud: research problems in data center networks,” SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev., 39, (1), 68–73, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
1
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×