Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-5wvtr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-16T16:40:30.788Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

References

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 December 2019

Mario J. Rizzo
Affiliation:
New York University
Glen Whitman
Affiliation:
California State University, Northridge
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Escaping Paternalism
Rationality, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy
, pp. 441 - 476
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abdellaoui, M., L’Haridon, O., & Paraschiv, C. (2013). Do couples discount future consequences less than individuals? Université de Rennes 1 Working Paper 2013-20. Université De Rennes 1.Google Scholar
Abrams, B. A., & Schitz, M. D. (1978). The “crowding-out” effect of governmental transfers on private charitable contributions. Public Choice, 33(1), 2939.Google Scholar
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. (2016). Evidence analysis manual: Steps in the academy evidence analysis process. Chicago, IL: American Dietetic Association. Retrieved from www.andeal.org/vault/2440/web/files/2016_April_EA_Manual.pdfGoogle Scholar
Achourioti, T., Fugard, A., & Stenning, K. (2011). Throwing the normative baby out with the prescriptivist bathwater. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34(5), 249.Google Scholar
Action on Smoking and Health. (n.d.). E-cigarettes and the fight against tobacco. Retrieved from https://ash.org/programs/e-cigarettes-the-fight-against-tobaccoGoogle Scholar
Adler, J. H., Meiners, R. E., Morriss, A. P., & Yandle, B. (2015). Bootleggers, Baptists, and e-cigs. Regulation, 30–35. Retrieved from https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/regulation/2015/3/regulation-v38n1-3.pdfGoogle Scholar
Adriani, F., & Sonderegger, S. (2014). Evolution of similarity judgements in intertemporal choice. Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Discussion Papers 2014-06. Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham.Google Scholar
Agnew, J. R., & Szykman, L. R. (2005). Asset allocation and information overload: The influence of information display, asset choice, and investor experience. Journal of Behavioral Finance, 6(2), 5770.Google Scholar
Ainslie, G. (1992). Picoeconomics: The strategic interaction of successive motivational states within the person. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ainslie, G. (2001). Breakdown of will. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ainslie, G. (2005). Précis of breakdown of will. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(5), 635650.Google Scholar
Ainslie, G. (2012). Pure hyperbolic discount curves predict “eyes open” self-control. Theory and Decision, 73(1), 334.Google Scholar
Ainslie, G. (2016). The cardinal anomalies that led to behavioral economics: Cognitive or motivational? Managerial and Decision Economics, 37(4–5), 261273.Google Scholar
Aldao, A. (2013). The future of emotion regulation research capturing context. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(2), 155172.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Aldred, J. (2003). The money pump revisited. Risk Decision and Policy, 8(1), 5976.Google Scholar
Aldred, J. (2007). Intransitivity and vague preferences. Journal of Ethics, 11(4), 377403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alexander, B. (2010). Curb Your Enthusiasm’s Larry David. Time. Retrieved from http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1993876,00.htmlGoogle Scholar
Ali, S. N. (2011). Learning self-control. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 126(2), 857893.Google Scholar
Allais, M. (1953). L’extension des théories de l’équilibre économique général et du rendement social au cas du risque. Econometrica, 29(2), 269290.Google Scholar
Alpert, M., & Raiffa, H. (1982). A progress report on the training of probability assessors. In Kahneman, D., Slovic, P., & Tversky, A. (Eds.), Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases, 294305. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation. (2017). 100% Smokefree U.S. Retrieved from https://no-smoke.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf/100smokefreeairports.pdfGoogle Scholar
Anand, P. (1995). Foundations of rational choice under risk. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Anderson, C., & Brion, S. (2010). Overconfidence and the attainment of status in groups. IRLE Working Paper No. 215-10. Institute for Research on Labor and Employment. Retrieved from http://irle.berkeley.edu/files/2010/Overconfidence-and-the-Attainment-of-Status-in-Groups.pdfGoogle Scholar
Anderson, C. J., Bahník, S., Barnett-Cowan, M., Bosco, F. A., Chandler, J., Chartier, C. A., … & Zuni, K. (2016). Response to comment on “Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.Science, 351(6277), 1037.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Andrade, E. B., & Cohen, J. B. (2007). Affect-based evaluation of regulation as mediators of behavior: The role of affect in risk taking, helping and eating patterns. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=928926Google Scholar
Angeletos, G. M., Laibson, D., Repetto, A., Tobacman, J., & Weinberg, S. (2001). The hyperbolic consumption model: Calibration, simulation, and empirical evaluation. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15(3), 4768.Google Scholar
Angner, E. (2006). Economists as experts: Overconfidence in theory and practice. Journal of Economic Methodology, 13(1), 124.Google Scholar
Antoñanzas, F., Viscusi, W. K., Rovira, J., Braña, F. J., Portillo, F., & Carvalho, I. (2000). Smoking risks in Spain: Part I – Perception of risks to the smoker. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 21(2–3), 161186.Google Scholar
Arad, A., & Rubinstein, A. (2018). The people’s perspective on libertarian-paternalistic policies. Journal of Law and Economics, 61(2), 311333.Google Scholar
Ariely, D. (2008). Predictably irrational: The hidden forces that shape our decisions. New York: Harper.Google Scholar
Ariely, D., & Wertenbroch, K. (2002). Procrastination, deadlines and performance: Self-control by precommitment. Psychological Science, 13(3), 219224.Google Scholar
Ariely, D., Loewenstein, G., & Prelec, D. (2003). “Coherent arbitrariness”: Stable demand curves without stable preferences. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(1), 73106.Google Scholar
Arkes, H. R., Gigerenzer, G., & Hertwig, R. (2016). How bad is incoherence? Decision, 3(1), 2039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arlen, J., Spitzer, M., & Talley, E. (2002). Endowment effects within corporate agency relationships. Journal of Legal Studies, 31(1), 137.Google Scholar
Arrow, K. J. (2012 [1951]). Social choice and individual values. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Arrow, K. J. (1959). Rational choice functions and orderings. Economica, 26(102), 121127.Google Scholar
Arrow, K. J., & Debreu, G. (1954). Existence of an equilibrium for a competitive economy. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 22(3), 265290.Google Scholar
Augenblick, N., Niederle, M., & Sprenger, C. (2015). Working over time: Dynamic inconsistency in real effort tasks. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 130(3), 10671115.Google Scholar
Aumann, R. J. (1962). Utility theory without the completeness axiom. Econometrica, 30(3), 445462.Google Scholar
Baillon, A., Bleichrodt, H., Liu, N., & Wakker, P. P. (2015). Group decision rules and group rationality under risk. www.aurelienbaillon.com/research/papers/pdf/group.pdfGoogle Scholar
Baillon, A., Bleichrodt, H., & Spinu, V. (2017). Searching for the reference point. Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands, working paper. Available at https://personal.eur.nl/bleichrodt/Baillon_Bleichrodt_Spinu_2017_05_23.pdfGoogle Scholar
Baker, M. (2016). Psychology’s reproducibility problem is exaggerated – say psychologists. Retrieved from www.nature.com/news/psychology-s-reproducibility-problem-is-exaggerated-say-psychologists-1.19498Google Scholar
Balakrishnan, U., Haushofer, J., & Jakiela, P. (2017). How soon is now? Evidence of present bias from convex time budget experiments. NBER No. w23558. National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
Bandura, A., & Perloff, B. (1967). Relative efficacy of self-monitored and externally imposed reinforcement systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7(2), 111116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bandura, A., & Schunk, D. H. (1981). Cultivating competence, self-efficacy and intrinsic interest through proximal self-motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41(3), 586598.Google Scholar
Barendregt, J. J., Bonneux, L., & van der Maas, P. J. (1997). The health care costs of smoking. New England Journal of Medicine, 337(15), 10521057. Retrieved from www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199710093371506Google Scholar
Bargh, J. A. (1994). The four horsemen of automaticity: Awareness, intention, efficiency, and control in social cognition. In Wyer, R. S. Jr. & Srull, T. K. (Eds.), Handbook of social cognition: Basic processes; Applications, 140. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Bar-Gill, O. (2004). Seduction by plastic. Northwestern Law Review, 98(4), 13731434.Google Scholar
Bar-Gill, O. (2012). Seduction by contract. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bar-Gill, O. (2014). Consumer transactions. In Zamir, E. & Teichman, D. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of behavioral economics and the law, 465490. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bastiat, F. (1995). Selected essays on political economy. Edited by de Huszar, G. B.. Irvington-on-Hudson, NY: Foundation for Economic Education. Retrieved from www.econlib.org/library/Bastiat/basEss1.htmlGoogle Scholar
Bates, C. (2018). Tobacco control and the tobacco industry: A failure of understanding and imagination. Retrieved from www.clivebates.com/tobacco-control-and-the-tobacco-industry-a-failure-of-understanding-and-imagination/Google Scholar
Baumeister, R. F., Gailliot, M., DeWall, C. N., & Oaten, M. (2006). Self‐regulation and personality: How interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior. Journal of Personality, 74(6), 17731802.Google Scholar
Becker, G. S. (1965). A theory of the allocation of time. Economic Journal, 75(299), 493517.Google Scholar
Becker, G. S. (2007). Libertarian paternalism: A critique – Becker [Blog post]. Retrieved from www.becker-posner-blog.com/2007/01/libertarian-paternalism-a-critique--becker.htmlGoogle Scholar
Becker, G. S., & Rubinstein, Y. (2004). Fear and the response to terrorism: An economic analysis. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.556.5346&rep=rep1&type=pdfGoogle Scholar
Bell, D., Raiffa, H., & Tversky, A. (1988). Decision making: Descriptive, normative, and prescriptive interactions. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Benjamin, D. K., & Dougan, W. R. (1997). Individuals’ estimates of the risks of death: Part I – A reassessment of the previous evidence. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 15(2), 115133.Google Scholar
Benjamin, D. K., Dougan, W. R, & Buschena, D. (2001). Individuals’ estimates of the risks of death: Part II – New evidence. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 22(1), 3557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ben-Shahar, O., & Posner, E. A. (2011). The right to withdraw in contract law. Journal of Legal Studies, 40(1), 115148.Google Scholar
Berg, N., Eckel, C., & Johnson, C. (2010). Inconsistency pays? Time-inconsistent subjects and EU violators earn more. MPRA Paper 26589. Munich, Germany: University Library of Munich.Google Scholar
Berggren, N. (2012). Time for behavioral political economy? An analysis of articles in behavioral economics. Review of Austrian Economics, 25(3), 199221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bergstrom, T., Blume, L., & Varian, H. (1986). On the private provision of public goods. Journal of Public Economics, 29(1), 2549.Google Scholar
Bernheim, B. D. (1986). On the voluntary and involuntary provision of public goods. American Economic Review, 76(4), 789793.Google Scholar
Bernheim, B. D. (2009). Behavioral welfare economics. Journal of the European Economic Association, 7(2–3), 267319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernheim, B. D. (2016). The good, the bad, and the ugly: A unified approach to behavioral welfare economics. Journal of Benefit–Cost Analysis, 7(1), 1268.Google Scholar
Bernheim, B. D., & Rangel, A. (2007). Behavioral public economics: Welfare and policy analysis with nonstandard decision-makers. In Diamond, P. & Vartiainen, H. (Eds.), Behavioral economics and its applications, 777. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Bernheim, B. D., Fradkin, A., & Popov, I. (2015). The welfare economics of default options in 401(k) plans. American Economic Review, 105(9), 27982837.Google Scholar
Besharov, G. (2004). Second-best considerations in correcting cognitive biases. Southern Economic Journal, 71(1), 1220.Google Scholar
Beshears, J., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., & Madrian, B. C. (2008). How are preferences revealed? Journal of Public Economics, 92(8), 17871794.Google Scholar
Beshears, J., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., & Madrian, B. C. (2009). The importance of default options for retirement saving outcomes. In Brown, J., Liebman, J., & Wise, D. A. (Eds.), Social Security policy in a changing environment, 167199. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Beshears, J., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., & Madrian, B. C. (2018). Potential vs. realized savings under automatic enrolment. TIAA Institute Research Dialogue No. 148. TIAA Institute.Google Scholar
Beshears, J., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Wang, S. Y. (2015). Who is easier to nudge? Paper presented at the 17th Annual Joint Meeting of the Retirement Research Consortium, Washington, DC. Retrieved from www.nber.org/programs/ag/rrc/rrc2015/papers/7.3%20-%20Beshears,%20Choi,%20Laibson,%20Madrian,%20Wang.pdfGoogle Scholar
Beshears, J., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Wang, S. Y. (2016). Who is easier to nudge. Unpublished. Retrieved from http://scholar.harvard.edu/files/laibson/files/who_is_easier_to_nudge_2016.05.27.pdfGoogle Scholar
Beshears, J., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Skimmyhorn, W. L. (2017). Borrowing to save? The impact of automatic enrollment on debt. Unpublished manuscript. Retrieved from https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/laibson/files/total_savings_impact_2017_12_06.pdf.Google Scholar
Bhargava, S., & Loewenstein, G. (2015). Behavioral economics and public policy 102: Beyond nudging. American Economic Review, 105(5), 396401.Google Scholar
Binmore, K. (2009). Rational decisions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Birnbaum, M. H. (1983). Base rates in Bayesian inference: Signal detection analysis of the cab problem. American Journal of Psychology, 96(1), 8594.Google Scholar
Blais, B., & Dion, S. (Eds.). (1991). The budget-maximizing bureaucrat: Appraisal and evidence. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
Bleichrodt, H., Gao, Y., & Rohde, K. I. (2016). A measurement of decreasing impatience for health and money. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 52(3), 213231.Google Scholar
Blumenthal, J. A. (2005). Law and the emotions: The problems of affective forecasting. Indiana Law Journal, 80, 155238.Google Scholar
Blundell, J. E., Stubbs, R. J., Golding, C., Croden, F., Alam, R., Whybrow, S., … & Lawton, C. L. (2005). Resistance and susceptibility to weight gain: Individual variability in response to a high-fat diet. Physiology & Behavior, 86(5), 614622.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bogenschneider, K., & Corbett, T. (2010). Evidence-based policymaking: Insights from policy-minded researchers and research-minded policymakers. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Böhm-Bawerk, E. von (1959 [1889]). Capital and interest: Positive theory of capital, Vol. 2. Translated by Huncke, G. D.. South Holland, IL: Libertarian Press.Google Scholar
Bollinger, B., Leslie, P., & Sorensen, A. (2011). Calorie posting in chain restaurants. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 3(1), 91128.Google Scholar
Bonnie, R. J., Stratton, K., & Wallace, R. B. (2007). Ending the tobacco problem: A blueprint for the nation. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
Bonta, D. (2007). Clean air laws. In Bonnie, R. J., Stratton, K., & Wallace, R. B. (Eds.)., Ending the tobacco problem: A blueprint for the nation, 423434. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
Bonta, D., & Permanente, K. (2007). Appendix B: Clear air laws. In Bonnie, R. J., Stratton, K., & Wallace, R. B. (Eds.), Ending the tobacco problem: A blueprint for the nation, B1B9. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
Bordalo, P., Gennaioli, N., & Shleifer, A. (2013). Salience and consumer choice. Journal of Political Economy, 121(5), 803843.Google Scholar
Borges, M. C., Louzada, M. L., de Sá, T. H., Laverty, A. A., Parra, D. C., Garzillo, J. M. F., … & Millett, C. (2017). Artificially sweetened beverages and the response to the global obesity crisis. PLoS Medicine, 14(1), e1002195.Google Scholar
Bornstein, R. F. (1989). Exposure and affect: Overview and meta-analysis of research, 1968–1987. Psychological Bulletin, 106(2), 265289.Google Scholar
Boyles, S. (2018). ACS: E-cigarettes OK for smoking cessation … with caveats. MedPage Today. Retrieved from www.medpagetoday.com/pulmonology/smoking/71315Google Scholar
Bradford, D., Courtemanche, C., Heutel, G., McAlvanah, P., & Ruhm, C. (2017). Time preferences and consumer behavior. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 55(2–3), 119145.Google Scholar
Bremzen, A., Khokhlova, E., Suvorov, A., & Van de Ven, J. (2015). Bad news: An experimental study on the informational effects of rewards. Review of Economics and Statistics, 97(1), 5570.Google Scholar
Brighton, H., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). Are rational actor models “rational” outside small worlds? In Okasha, S. & Binmore, K. (Eds.), Evolution and rationality: Decisions, co-operation and strategic behavior, 84109. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Britton, J., & Bogdanovica, I. (2014). Electronic cigarettes. Public Health England. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/311887/Ecigarettes_report.pdfGoogle Scholar
Broome, J. (1999). Ethics out of economics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, J. R., Farrell, A. M., & Weisbenner, S. J. (2012). The downside of defaults. NBER No. onb12–05. National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
Brown, J. R., Farrell, A. M., & Weisbenner, S. J. (2016). Decision-making approaches and the propensity to default: Evidence and implications. Journal of Financial Economics, 121(3), 477495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Browning, E. K. (1999). The myth of fiscal externalities. Public Finance Review, 27(1), 318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brunnermeier, M. K., & Parker, J. A. (2005). Optimal expectations. American Economic Review, 95(4), 10921118.Google Scholar
Bryner, G. C. (1987). Bureaucratic discretion: Law and policy in federal regulatory agencies. Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
Buchanan, J. M. (1954). Social choice, democracy, and free markets. Journal of Political Economy, 62(2), 114123.Google Scholar
Buchanan, J. M. (1969). Cost and choice. Chicago, IL: Markham.Google Scholar
Buchanan, J. M. (1979). Natural and artifactual man. In Buchanan, J. M. (Ed.), What should economists do?, 93112. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.Google Scholar
Buchanan, J. M. (1982). Order defined in the process of its emergence. Literature of Liberty, 5(4), 518.Google Scholar
Buchanan, J. M. (2005). Afraid to be free: Dependency as desideratum. In Shughart, W. F. & Tollison, R. D. (Eds.), Policy challenges and political responses, 1931. Boston, MA: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buchanan, J., & Brennan, G. (1985). The reason of rules: Constitutional political economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bucher, T., Collins, C., Rollo, M. E., McCaffrey, T. A., De Vlieger, N., Van der Bend, D. … & Perez-Cueto, F. J. A. (2016). Nudging consumers towards healthier choices: A systematic review of positional influences on food choice. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(12), 22522263.Google Scholar
Burke, J., Hung, A. A., & Luoto, J. E. (2015). Automatic enrollment in retirement savings vehicles. RAND Labor & Population Working Paper. RAND Corporation.Google Scholar
Burkett, J. P. (2006). Microeconomics: Optimization, experiments, and behavior. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Burstyn, I. (2013). Peering through the mist: What does the chemistry of contaminants in electronic cigarettes tell us about health risks. Philadelphia, PA: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Drexel University.Google Scholar
Buss, F. T., & Rüschendorf, L. (2010). On the perception of time. Gerontology, 56(4), 361370.Google Scholar
Butrica, B., & Karamcheva, N. (2012). Automatic enrollment, employee compensation, and retirement security. Boston, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.Google Scholar
Butrica, B. A., & Karamcheva, N. S. (2015a). Automatic enrollment, employer match rates, and employee compensation in 401(k) plans. Monthly Labor Review, 138, 133.Google Scholar
Butrica, B. A., & Karamcheva, N. S. (2015b). The relationship between automatic enrollment and DC plan contributions: Evidence from a national survey of older workers. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College.Google Scholar
Byrne, S., & Hart, P. S. (2009). The boomerang effect: A synthesis of findings and a preliminary theoretical Framework. Annals of the International Communication Association, 33(1), 337.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F. (2015). The promise and success of lab-field generalizability in experimental economics: A critical reply to Levitt and List. In Frechette, G. R. & Schotter, A. (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economic methodology, 249295. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F. (2000). Prospect theory in the wild: Evidence from the field. In Kahneman, D. & Tversky, A. (Eds.), Choices, values, and frames, 288300. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F., & Hogarth, R. M. (1999). The effects of financial incentives in experiments: A review and capital-labor-production framework. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 19(1–3), 742.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F., & Hogarth, R. M. (1999). The effects of financial incentives in experiments: A review and capital-labor-production framework. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 19(1–3), 742.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F., Issacharoff, S., Loewenstein, G., O’Donoghue, T., & Rabin, M. (2003). Regulation for conservatives: Behavioral economics and the case for “asymmetric paternalism.University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 151(3), 12111254.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F., Dreber, A., Forsell, E., Ho, T. H., Huber, J., Johannesson, M., … & Heikensten, E. (2016). Evaluating replicability of laboratory experiments in economics. Science, 351(6280), 14331436.Google Scholar
Camerer, C. F., Dreber, A., Holzmeister, F., Ho, T. H., Huber, J., Johannesson, M., … & Altmejd, A. (2018). Evaluating the replicability of social science experiments in Nature and Science between 2010 and 2015. Nature Human Behaviour, 2(9), 637.Google Scholar
Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. (2006). Smoke-free laws encourage smokers to quit and discourage youth from starting [Press release]. Retrieved from www.tobaccofreekids.org/research/factsheets/pdf/0198.pdfGoogle Scholar
Canadian Cancer Society. (2016). Cigarette package health warnings: International status report. Retrieved from www.cancer.ca/~/media/cancer.ca/CW/for%20media/Media%20releases/2018/CCS-international-warnings-report-2018---English---2-MB.pdf?la=en.Google Scholar
Capa, R. L., Bustin, G. M., Cleeremans, A., & Hansenne, M. (2011). Conscious and unconscious reward cues can affect a critical component of executive control. Experimental Psychology, 58(5), 370375.Google Scholar
Caplan, B. (2000). Rational irrationality: A framework for the neoclassical-behavioral debate. Eastern Economic Journal, 26(2), 191211.Google Scholar
Caplan, B. (2007). The myth of the rational voter. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Carlin, B. I., Gervais, S., & Manso, G. (2013). Libertarian paternalism, information production, and financial decision making. Review of Financial Studies, 26(9), 22042228.Google Scholar
Carlsson, F., He, H., Martinsson, P., Qin, P., & Sutter, M. (2012). Household decision making in rural China: Using experiments to estimate the influences of spouses. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 84(2), 525536.Google Scholar
Carroll, G. D., Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Metrick, A. (2009). Optimal defaults and active decisions. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124(4), 16391674.Google Scholar
Cartwright, E. (2011). Behavioral economics. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Cartwright, N. (2009). Evidence-based policy: What is to be done about relevance? Philosophical Studies, 143, 127136.Google Scholar
Castillo, M., Petrie, R., & Torero, M. (2008). Rationality and the nature of the market. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1265015Google Scholar
Cecchi, F., & Bulte, E. (2013). Does market experience promote rational choice? Experimental evidence from rural Ethiopia. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 61, 407429.Google Scholar
Center for Science in the Public Interest. (2014). Support the SWEET Act. Retrieved from http://action.cspinet.org/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=1927&ea.campaign.id=34422Google Scholar
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000). Strategies for reducing exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, increasing tobacco-use cessation, and reducing initiation in communities and health-care systems: A report on the recommendations of the task force on community preventive services. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 49(RR-12).Google Scholar
Cevolani, C., Crupi, V., & Festa, R. (2010). The whole truth about Linda: Probability, verisimilitude, and a paradox of conjunction. In D’Agostino, M., Laudisa, F., Giorello, G., Pievani, T., & Sinigaglia, C. (Eds.), New essays in logic and the philosophy of science, 603615. London, UK: College Publications.Google Scholar
Charness, G., Karni, E., & Levin, D. (2007). Individual and group decision making under risk: An experimental study of Bayesian updating and violations of first-order stochastic dominance. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 35, 129148.Google Scholar
Charness, G., Karni, E., & Levin, D. (2010). On the conjunction fallacy in probability judgment: New experimental evidence regarding Linda. Games and Economic Behavior, 68(2), 551556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charness, G., Gneezy, U., & Kuhn, M. A. (2012). Experimental methods: Between-subject and within-subject design. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 81(1), 18.Google Scholar
Chater, N., & Oaksford, M. (1999). The probability heuristics model of syllogistic reasoning. Cognitive Psychology, 38(2), 191258.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chesterley, N. (2017). Defaults, decision costs and welfare in behavioural policy design. Economica, 84(333), 1633.Google Scholar
Chia, C. W., Shardell, M., Tanaka, T., Liu, D. D., Gravenstein, K. S., Simonsick, E. M., … & Ferrucci, L. (2016). Chronic low-calorie sweetener use and risk of abdominal obesity among older adults: A cohort study. PloS One, 11(11), e0167241.Google Scholar
Chiu, S., Bergeron, N., Williams, P. T., Bray, G. A., Sutherland, B., & Krauss, R. M. (2016). Comparison of the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet and a higher-fat DASH diet on blood pressure and lipids and lipoproteins: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(2), 341347.Google Scholar
Choi, J. J. (2015). Contributions to defined contribution pension plans. Annual Review of Financial Economics, 7, 161178.Google Scholar
Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Metrick, A. (2002). Defined contribution pensions: Plan rules, participant choices, and the path of least resistance. Tax Policy and the Economy, 16, 67113.Google Scholar
Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Metrick, A. (2003). Optimal defaults. American Economic Review, 93(2), 180185.Google Scholar
Choi, J. J., Laibson, D., Madrian, B. C., & Metrick, A. (2003). For better or for worse: Default effects and 401 (k) savings behavior. In Perspectives on the economics of aging (pp. 81126). University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Cohen, J. D., Ericson, K. M., Laibson, D., & White, J. M. (2016). Measuring time preferences. NBER No. w22455. National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
Cohen, L. J. (1981). Can human irrationality be experimentally demonstrated? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 4(3), 317331.Google Scholar
Colgrove, J., & Bayer, R. (2002). Science, politics, and ideology in the campaign against environmental tobacco smoke. American Journal of Public Health, 92(6), 949954.Google Scholar
Collodi, C. (2016). Pinnochio [E-reader version]. (Original work published 1883)Google Scholar
Conly, S. (2012). Against autonomy: Justifying coercive paternalism. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Conly, S. (2013). Against autonomy: Justifying coercive paternalism [Kindle edition]. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Corner, A., Hahn, U., & Oaksford, M. (2011). The psychological mechanism of the slippery slope argument. Journal of Memory and Language, 64(2), 133152.Google Scholar
Costello, F. (2009). How probability theory explains the conjunction fallacy. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 22(3), 213234.Google Scholar
Costello, F., & Watts, P. (2014). Surprisingly rational: Probability theory plus noise explains biases in judgment. Psychological Review, 121(3), 463480.Google Scholar
Cowen, T. (1991). Self-constraint versus self-liberation. Ethics, 101(2), 360373.Google Scholar
Craver, R. (2014). Reynolds American wants FDA to ban vapor e-cigs. Winston-Salem Journal, September 7. Retrieved from www.journalnow.com/business/business_news/local/big-tobacco-makers-want-fda-to-ban-vapor-e-cigs/article_77b131f5-540d-5f02-927c-733bac751529.htmlGoogle Scholar
Cremer, H., De Donder, P., Maldonado, D., & Pestieau, P. (2012). Taxing sin goods and subsidizing health care. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 114, 101123.Google Scholar
Crupi, V., Fitelson, B., & Tentori, K. (2008). Probability, confirmation, and the conjunction fallacy. Thinking & Reasoning, 14(2), 182199.Google Scholar
Csete, J., Kamarulzaman, A., Kazatchkine, M., Altice, F., Balicki, M., Buxton, J., … & Hart, C. (2016). Public health and international drug policy. The Lancet, 387(10026), 14271480.Google Scholar
Damasio, A. (1994). Descartes’ error: Emotion, reason and the human brain. New York: Avon Books.Google Scholar
Dawes, R. M., & Mulford, M. (1996). The false consensus effect and overconfidence: Flaws in judgment or flaws in how we study judgment? Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 65(3), 201211.Google Scholar
De Finetti, B. (1964). Foresight: Its logical laws in subjective sources. In Kyburg, H. & Smokler, H. (Eds.), Studies in subjective probability, 93158. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
De Finetti, B. (1974a). Theory of probability: A critical introductory treatment. Translated by A. Machi & A. Smith. Chichester, UK: J. Wiley.Google Scholar
De Finetti, B. (1974b). The true subjective probability problem. In C.-A. Von-Holstein, (Ed.), The concept of probability in psychological experiments, 1523. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar
De Finetti, B. (2008). Philosophical lectures on probability. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
de Ridder, D., Lensvelt-Mulders, G., Finkenauer, C., Stok, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012). Taking stock of self-control: A meta-analysis of how self-control affects a wide range of behaviors. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16(1), 7699.Google Scholar
de Sousa, R. (1987). The rationality of emotion. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Dean, M., Kıbrıs, Ö., & Masatlioglu, Y. (2017). Limited attention and status quo bias. Journal of Economic Theory, 169, 93127.Google Scholar
Debnam, J. (2017). Selection effects and heterogeneous demand responses to the Berkeley soda tax vote. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 99(5), 11721187.Google Scholar
Debreu, G. (1954). Representation of a preference ordering by a numerical function. Decision Processes, 3, 159165.Google Scholar
DellaVigna, S., & Malmendier, U. (2006). Paying not to go to the gym. American Economic Review, 96(3), 694719.Google Scholar
Demsetz, H. (1969). Information and efficiency: Another viewpoint. Journal of Law and Economics, 12(1), 122.Google Scholar
Denant-Boemont, L., Diecidue, E., & l’Haridon, O. (2017). Patience and time consistency in collective decisions. Experimental Economics 20(1), 181208.Google Scholar
Desvousges, W. H., Johnson, F. R., Dunford, R. W., Hudson, S. P., Wilson, K. N., & Boyle, K. J. (1993). Measuring natural resource damages with contingent valuation: Tests of validity and reliability. In Hausman, J. A. (Ed.), Contingent valuation: A critical assessment, 91164. Amsterdam, Netherlands: North-Holland.Google Scholar
Dorausch, M. (n.d.). Studies reveal health risks of e-cigarettes. Retrieved from www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/studies-reveal-health-risks-e-cigarettesGoogle Scholar
Downs, A. (1957). An economic theory of political action in a democracy. Journal of Political Economy, 65(2), 135150.Google Scholar
Duckworth, A. L., Gendler, T. S., & Gross, J. J. (2016). Situational strategies for self-control. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(1), 3555.Google Scholar
Dulany, D. E., & Hilton, D. J. (1991). Conversational implicature, conscious representation, and the conjunction fallacy. Social Cognition, 9(1), 85110.Google Scholar
Eitam, B., Hassin, R. R., & Schul, Y. (2008). Nonconscious goal pursuit in novel environments: The case of implicit learning. Psychological Science, 19(3), 261267.Google Scholar
Elster, J. (1984). Ulysses and the sirens: Studies in rationality and irrationality (Rev. ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Emery, S. L., Szczypka, G., Abril, E. P., Kim, Y., & Vera, L. (2014). Are you scared yet? Evaluating fear appeal messages in tweets about the tips campaign. Journal of Communication, 64(2), 278295.Google Scholar
Encyclopedia of Mind Disorders. (n.d.). Self-control strategies. Retrieved from http://www.minddisorders.com/Py-Z/Self-control-strategies.htmlGoogle Scholar
Erev, I., Wallsten, T. S., & Budescu, D. V. (1994). Simultaneous over- and underconfidence: The role of error in judgment processes. Psychological Review, 101(3), 519527.Google Scholar
Ericson, K. M. M., & Fuster, A. (2014). The endowment effect. Annual Review of Economics, 6(1), 555579.Google Scholar
Ericson, K. M. M., White, J. M., Laibson, D., & Cohen, J. D. (2015). Money earlier or later? Simple heuristics explain intertemporal choices better than delay discounting does. Psychological Science, 26(6), 826833.Google Scholar
Eswaran, M., & Neary, H. M. (2016). The evolutionary logic of honoring sunk costs. Economic Inquiry, 52, 835846.Google Scholar
Evans, J. (2002). Logic and human reasoning: An assessment of the deduction paradigm. Psychological Bulletin, 128(6), 978996.Google Scholar
Evans, J. S. B. T. (2012). Dual process theories of deductive reasoning: Facts and fallacies. In Holyoak, K. J. & Morrison, R. G. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of thinking and reasoning, 115133. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Evans, J. S. B., & Stanovich, K. E. (2013a). Dual-process theories of higher cognition: Advancing the debate. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(3), 223241.Google Scholar
Evans, J. S. B., & Stanovich, K. E. (2013b). Theory and metatheory in the study of dual processing: Reply to comments. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(3), 263271.Google Scholar
Fang, H., & Silverman, D. (2006). Distinguishing between cognitive biases. In McCaffery, E. J. & Slemrod, J. (Eds.), Behavioral public finance, 4781. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Ferguson, A. (2010). Nudge nudge, wink wink. Weekly Standard, April 19. Retrieved from www.weeklystandard.com/nudge-nudge-wink-wink/article/433737#!Google Scholar
Fernandez-Villaverde, J., & Mukherji, A. (2002). Can we really observe hyperbolic discounting? Unpublished manuscript, University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from http://economics.sas.upenn.edu/~jesusfv/hyper2006.pdfGoogle Scholar
Feynman, R. P. (1965). The character of physical law. London, UK: Cox and Wyman.Google Scholar
Fich, E. M., & Xu, G. (2018). Are market reactions to M&As biased by overextrapolation of salient news? Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2996714 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2996714Google Scholar
Fiddick, L., Cosmides, L., & Tooby, J. (2000). No interpretation without representation: The role of domain-specific representations and inferences in the Wason selection task. Cognition, 77, 179.Google Scholar
Fiedler, K., & Krueger, J. I. (2012). More than an artifact: Regression as a theoretical construct. In Krueger, J. I. (Ed.), Social judgment and decision-making, 171189. New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Finch, C. (1993). Jim Henson: The works; The art, the magic, the imagination. London, UK: Random House.Google Scholar
FindLaw. (n.d.). Customer returns and refund laws by state. Retrieved from https://consumer.findlaw.com/consumer-transactions/customer-returns-and-refund-laws-by-state.htmlGoogle Scholar
Fischhoff, B. (2001). Learning from experience: Coping with hindsight bias and ambiguity. In Armstrong, J. S. (Ed.), Principles of forecasting: A handbook for researchers and practitioners, 543554. Boston, MA: Kluwer.Google Scholar
Fishbach, A., & Shah, J. Y. (2006). Self-control in action: Implicit dispositions toward goals and away from temptations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(5), 820832.Google Scholar
Fishbach, A., & Shen, L. 2014. The explicit and implicit ways of overcoming temptation. In Sherman, J. W., Gawronski, B., & Trope, Y. (Eds.), Dual-process theories of the social mind, 454467. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Fishbach, A., & Trope, Y. (2005). The substitutability of external control and self-control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 256270.Google Scholar
Fishbach, A., Friedman, R. S., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2003). Leading us not into temptation: Momentary allurements elicit overriding goal activation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(2), 296309.Google Scholar
Fishbach, A., Dhar, R., & Zhang, Y. (2006). Subgoals as substitutes or complements: The role of goal accessibility. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(2), 232242.Google Scholar
Fishbach, A., Zhang, Y., & Trope, Y. (2010). Counteractive evaluation: Asymmetric shifts in the implicit value of conflicting motivations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(1), 2938.Google Scholar
Fiske, S. T., & Taylor, S. E. (1991). Social cognition (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Fitzsimons, G. M., & Bargh, J. A. (2004). Automatic self-regulation. In Baumeister, R. F. & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications, 151170. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Fitzsimons, G. M., & Finkel, E. J. (2010). Interpersonal influences on self-regulation. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19(2), 101105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fontaine, K. R., Redden, D. T., Wang, C., Westfall, A. O., & Allison, D. B. (2003). Years of life lost due to obesity. JAMA, 289(2), 187193.Google Scholar
Frazão, E. (Ed.). (1999). America’s eating habits: Changes & consequences. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.Google Scholar
Frechette, G. R., & Schotter, A. (2015). Handbook of experimental economic methodology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Frederick, S., Loewenstein, G., & O’Donoghue, T. (2002). Time discounting and time preference: A critical review. Journal of Economic Literature, 40, 351401.Google Scholar
Frederick, S., Loewenstein, G., & O’Donoghue, T. (2003). Time discounting and time preference: A critical review. In Loewenstein, G., Read, D., & Baumeister, R. (Eds.), Time and decision: Economic and psychological perspectives of intertemporal choice, 1386. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Friedman, J. (2006). Democratic competence in normative and positive theory: Neglected implications of “The nature of belief systems in mass publics.” Critical Review, 18(1–3), ixliii.Google Scholar
Friedman, M., & Savage, L. J. (1948). The utility analysis of choices involving risk. Journal of Political Economy, 56(4), 279304.Google Scholar
Fujita, K. (2011). On conceptualizing self-control as more than the effortful inhibition of impulses. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15(4), 352366.Google Scholar
Fujita, K., & Carnevale, J. J. (2012). Transcending temptation through abstraction: The role of construal level in self-control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(4), 248252.Google Scholar
Gailliot, M. T., Plant, E. A., Butz, D. A., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Increasing self-regulatory strength can reduce the depleting effect of suppressing stereotypes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(2), 281294.Google Scholar
Gal, D., & Rucker, D. D. (2018). The loss of loss aversion: Will it loom larger than its gain? Journal of Consumer Psychology, 28(3), 497516.Google Scholar
Galavotti, M. C. (2001). Subjectivism, objectivism and objectivity in Bruno de Finetti’s Bayesianism. In Corfield, D. & Williamson, J. (Eds.), Foundations of Bayesianism, 161174. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.Google Scholar
Galesic, M., Barkoczi, D., & Katsikopoulos, K. (2015). Can small crowds be wise? Moderate-sized groups can outperform large groups and individuals under some task conditions. Santa Fe Institute Working Paper. Retrieved from www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Can-Small-Crowds-Be-Wise-Moderate-sized-Groups-Can-Galesic-Barkoczi/af4e27a5367125b9fcab3da57ad418949edcd87d/pdfGoogle Scholar
Gass, R. H., & Seiter, J. S. (2015). Persuasion: Social influence and compliance gaining. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
Gayer, T., & Viscusi, W. K.(2013). Overriding consumer preferences with energy regulations. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 43(3), 248264.Google Scholar
Geyskens, K., Dewitte, S., Pandelaere, M., & Warlop, L. (2008). Tempt me just a little bit more: The effect of prior food temptation actionability on goal activation and consumption. Journal of Consumer Research, 35(4), 600610.Google Scholar
Ghaffarzadegan, N., Lyneis, J., & Richardson, G. P. (2011). How small system dynamics models can help the public policy process. System Dynamics Review, 27(1), 2244.Google Scholar
Gifford, A. Jr. (2002). Emotion and self-control. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 49, 113130.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G. (1996). On narrow norms and vague heuristics: A reply to Kahneman and Tversky. Psychological Review, 103(3), 592596.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Surrogates for theories. Theory & Psychology, 8(2), 195204.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Adaptive thinking: Rationality in the real world. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G. (2008). I think, therefore I err. In Rationality for mortals: How people cope with uncertainty. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G. (2015). Simply rational: Decision making in the real world. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G., & Brighton, H. (2009). Homo heuristicus: Why biased minds make better inferences. Trends in Cognitive Science, 1, 107143.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G., & Hug, K. (1992). Domain-specific reasoning: Social contracts, cheating and perspective change. Cognition, 43, 127171.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G., & Marewski, J. N. (2015). Surrogate science: The idol of a universal method for scientific inference. Journal of Management, 41(2), 421440.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G., & Murray, D. J. (1987). Cognition as intuitive statistics. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G., Hoffrage, U., & Kleinbölting, H. (1991). Probabilistic mental models: A Brunswikian theory of confidence. Psychological Review, 98(4), 506528.Google Scholar
Gigerenzer, G., Hertwig, R., Hoffrage, U., & Sedlmeier, P. (2008). Cognitive illusions reconsidered. In Plott, C. R. & Smith, V. L. (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economics results, Vol. 1, 10181034. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Gilbert, D. T., Pinel, E. C., Wilson, T. D., Blumberg, S. J., & Wheatley, T. P. (1998). Immune neglect: A source of durability bias in affective forecasting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(3), 617.Google Scholar
Gilbert, D. T., King, G., Pettigrew, S., & Wilson, T. D. (2016). Comment on “Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.” Science, 351(6277), 1037.Google Scholar
Gilboa, I. (2011). Making better decisions: Decision theory in practice. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Giles, J., Coghlan, A., & Geddes, L. (2007). Anti-smoking groups accused of distorting the science on the risks of heart attack. New Scientist, 196(2629), 8.Google Scholar
Gintis, H. (2016). Individuality and entanglement: The moral and material bases of social life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Glaeser, E. L. (2006). Paternalism and psychology. University of Chicago Law Review, 73(1), 133156.Google Scholar
Glantz, S. A. (1987). Achieving a smokefree society. Circulation, 76(4), 746752.Google Scholar
Gneezy, U., & Rustichini, A. (2000). Pay enough or don’t pay at all. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115, 791810.Google Scholar
Gneezy, U., Meier, S., & Rey-Biel, P. (2011). When and why incentives (don’t) work to modify behavior. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 25(4), 191210.Google Scholar
Goda, G. S., Manchester, C. F., & Sojourner, A. J. (2014). What will my account really be worth? Experimental evidence on how retirement income projections affect saving. Journal of Public Economics, 119, 8092.Google Scholar
Gokhale, J., Kotlikoff, L. J., & Neumann, T. (2001). Does participating in a 401(k) raise your lifetime taxes? NBER No. 8341. National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
Goldin, J. (2015). Which way to nudge: Uncovering preferences in the behavioral age. Yale Law Journal, 125, 226270.Google Scholar
Grandy, R. E., & Warner, R. (2014). Paul Grice. In Zalta, E. N. (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2014/entries/grice/Google Scholar
Grandy, R. E., & Warner, R. (2017). Paul Grice. In E. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Stanford, CA: Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2017/entries/griceGoogle Scholar
Green, H. J. (1971). Consumer theory. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.Google Scholar
Gregory, R L. (Ed.). (2004). The Oxford companion to the mind, 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Grice, H. P. (1989). Studies in the way of words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Grier, J. (2017). We used terrible science to justify smoking bans. Slate, February 13. Available at https://slate.com/technology/2017/02/secondhand-smoke-isnt-as-bad-as-we-thought.htmlGoogle Scholar
Grier, J. (2018). Scott Gottlieb’s FDA is moving toward a stealth ban on cigarettes and cigars. Reason, November 26. Available at http://reason.com/archives/2018/11/26/gottlieb-fda-vape-cigar-cigarette-banGoogle Scholar
Griffin, D., & Tversky, A. (1992). The weighing of evidence and the determinants of confidence. Cognitive Psychology, 24(3), 411435.Google Scholar
Grimm, P. (2010). Social desirability bias. In Wiley international encyclopedia of marketing. In Sheth, J., Malhotra, N., & Price, L. L. (Eds.), 258. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Gruber, J., & Köszegi, B. (2001). Is addiction “rational”? Theory and evidence. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4), 12611303.Google Scholar
Grüne-Yanoff, T. (2015). Why behavioural policy needs mechanistic evidence. Economics and Philosophy, 32(3), 121.Google Scholar
Guido, G. (2001). The salience of marketing stimuli: An incongruity–salience hypothesis on consumer awareness. Boston, MA: Springer Science & Business Media.Google Scholar
Gul, F., & Pesendorfer, W. (2001). Temptation and self-control. Econometrica, 69(6), 14031435.Google Scholar
Gul, F., & Pesendorfer, W. (2004). Self-control and the theory of consumption. Econometrica, 72(1), 119158.Google Scholar
Gul, F., & Pesendorfer, W. (2008). The case for mindless economics. In Caplin, A. & Schotter, A. (Eds.), The foundations of positive and normative economics, 339. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Guthrie, J. F., Derby, B. M., & Levy, A. S. (1999). What people know and do not know about nutrition. America’s eating habits: Changes and consequences. In Frazão, E. (Ed.), America’s eating habits: Changes & consequences, 243290. Washington, DC: US Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.Google Scholar
Halevy, Y. (2015). Time consistency: Stationarity and time invariance. Econometrica, 83(1), 335352.Google Scholar
Hall, K. D. (2017). A review of the carbohydrate–insulin model of obesity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71, 323326.Google Scholar
Hall, K. D., Bemis, T., Brychta, R., Chen, K. Y., Courville, A., Crayner, , … & Yannai, L. (2015). Calorie for calorie, dietary fat restriction results in more body fat loss than carbohydrate restriction in people with obesity. Cell Metabolism, 22(3), 427436. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2015.07.021Google Scholar
Hall, K. D., Chen, K. Y., Guo, J., Lam, Y. Y., Leibel, R. L., Mayer, L. E., … & Ravussin, E. (2016). Energy expenditure and body composition changes after an isocaloric ketogenic diet in overweight and obese men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(2), 324333. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.116.133561Google Scholar
Halpern, D. (2015). Inside the nudge unit: How small changes make a big difference. London, UK: W. H. Allen.Google Scholar
Halpern, D. (2016). Inside the nudge unit: How small changes can make a big difference. London, UK: Random House.Google Scholar
Hands, D. W. (2015). Normative rational choice theory: Past, present, and future. Unpublished. Available at SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1738671Google Scholar
Harman, G. (2002). The internal critique. In Gabbay, D. M. (Ed.), Handbook of the logic of argument and inference: The turn towards the practical, 171186. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Harman, G. (2004). Practical aspects of theoretical rationality. In Mele, A. & Rawling, P. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of rationality, 4556. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Harrison, G. W. (1994). Expected utility theory and the experimentalists. Empirical Economics, 19, 223253.Google Scholar
Harsanyi, J. C. (1982). Morality and the theory of rationality choice. In Sen, A. & Williams., B. (Eds.), Utilitarianism and beyond, 3962. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (n.d.). “Healthy Eating Plate.” www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/healthy-eating-plate/13/.Google Scholar
Hassin, R. R., Bargh, J. A., Engell, A. D., & McCulloch, K. C. (2009). Implicit working memory. Consciousness and Cognition, 18(3), 665678.Google Scholar
Hassin, R. R., Bargh, J. A., & Zimerman, S. (2009). Automatic and flexible: The case of nonconscious goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 27(1), 2036.Google Scholar
Hausman, D. M. (2000). Revealed preference, belief, and game theory. Economics and Philosophy, 16(1), 99115.Google Scholar
Hayek, F. A. (1945). The use of knowledge in society. American Economic Review, 35(4), 519530.Google Scholar
Hayek, F. A. (1948). Individualism and economic order. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Hayek, F. A. (1955). The counter-revolution of science. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.Google Scholar
Hayek, F. A. (1975). The pretence of knowledge. Swedish Journal of Economics, 77(4), 433442.Google Scholar
Healthy eating plate & healthy eating pyramid. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/pyramid-full-story/Google Scholar
Heath, C., & Soll, J. B. (1996). Mental budgeting and consumer decisions. Journal of Consumer Research, 23(1), 4052.Google Scholar
Henley, D. E., Denneny, J. C., Hassink, S. G., Foti, M., Salvatore, F. R., Hansen, C. W., … & Henry-Crowe, S. T. (2015). Open letter, April 28. Retrieved from https://timedotcom.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/2015_04_28_obama.pdfGoogle Scholar
Herrnstein, R. J., Loewenstein, G. F., Prelec, D., & Vaughan, W. Jr. (1993). Utility maximization and melioration: Internalities in individual choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 6(3), 149185.Google Scholar
Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (1999). The “conjunction fallacy” revisited: How intelligent inferences look like reasoning errors. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 12(4), 275305.Google Scholar
Hertwig, R., & Ortmann, A. (2001). Experimental practices in economics: A methodological challenge for psychologists?. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(3), 383403.Google Scholar
Heukelom, F. 2014. Behavioral economics: A history. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Higgins, E. T., & Liberman, N. (2018). The loss of loss aversion: Paying attention to reference points. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 28(3), 524532.Google Scholar
Hilton, D. (1995). The social context of reasoning: Conversational inference and rational judgment. Psychological Bulletin, 118(2), 248271.Google Scholar
Hirshleifer, D. (2008). Psychological bias as a driver of financial regulation. European Financial Management, 14(5), 856874.Google Scholar
Hoffrage, U., & Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Using natural frequencies to improve diagnostic inferences. Academic Medicine, 73(5), 538540.Google Scholar
Hope, B. (2007). Latest hot co-op topic: Secondhand smoke. New York Sun, December 6, 1–3. Retrieved from www.nysun.com/real-estate/latest-hot-co-op-topic-secondhand-smoke/67569/Google Scholar
Hopkins, D., Briss, P., Harris, J., Ricard, C., Rosenquist, J., Harris, K., Husten, C., McKenna, J. W., Sharp, D. J., Woollery, T. A., Sharma, N., & Pechacek, T. (2000). Strategies for Reducing Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke, Increasing Tobacco-Use Cessation, and Reducing Initiation in Communities and Health-Care Systems: A Report on Recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Reports, 49(RR-12), I–11.Google Scholar
Horstmann, G., & Ansorge, U. (2016). Surprise capture and inattentional blindness. Cognition, 157, 237249.Google Scholar
Horstmann, G., & Herwig, A. (2015). Surprise attracts the eyes and binds the gaze. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22(3), 743749.Google Scholar
Horstmann, G., & Herwig, A. (2016). Novelty biases attention and gaze in a surprise trial. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 78(1), 6977.Google Scholar
Houde, S. (2014). How consumers respond to environmental certification and the value of energy information. NBER No. w20019. National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
Houthakker, H. S. (1950). Revealed preference and the utility function. Economica, 17(66), 159174.Google Scholar
Hovenkamp, H. (1991). Legal policy and the endowment effect. Journal of Legal Studies, 20(2), 225247.Google Scholar
Howard, G., Roe, B. E., Nisbet, E. C., & Martin, J. (2015). Hypothetical bias mitigation in choice experiments: Effectiveness of cheap talk and honesty priming fade with repeated choices. Available at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2697573Google Scholar
Huber, J., Payne, J. W., & Puto, C. (1982). Adding asymmetrically dominated alternatives: Violations of regularity and the similarity hypothesis. Journal of Consumer Research, 9(1), 9098.Google Scholar
Ikeda, S. (1997). Dynamics of the mixed economy: Toward a theory of interventionism. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
Ingraham, C. (2014). Think you drink a lot? This chart will tell you. The Washington Post, September 25. Retrieved from www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/09/25/think-you-drink-a-lot-this-chart-will-tell-you/?utm_term=.7ef5a29da02dGoogle Scholar
Ioannidis, J. P. (2008). Why most discovered true associations are inflated. Epidemiology, 19(5), 640648.Google Scholar
Iowa Right to Life. (n.d.). Post abortion syndrome. Retrieved from www.iowartl.org/get-the-facts/abortion/post-abortion-syndromeGoogle Scholar
Isaac, A. G. (1998). The structure of neoclassical consumer theory. EconWPA No. 9805003. EconWPA.Google Scholar
Jachimowicz, J., Duncan, S., Weber, E. U., & Johnson, E. J. (2018). When and why defaults influence decisions: A meta-analysis of default effects. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2727301 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2727301Google Scholar
Jackson, M. O., & Yariv, L. (2014). Present bias and collective dynamic choice in the lab. American Economic Review, 104(12), 41844204.Google Scholar
Janis, I. L. (1972). Victims of groupthink: A psychological study of foreign-policy decisions and fiascoes. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Jehle, G. A., & Reny, P. J. (2011). Advanced microeconomic theory. Harlow: Financial Times.Google Scholar
Jensen, R. P., Luo, W., Pankow, J. F., Strongin, R. M., & Peyton, D. H. (2015). Hidden formaldehyde in e-cigarette aerosols. New England Journal of Medicine, 372(4), 392394. Retrieved from www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc1413069?query=featured_home&Google Scholar
Jha, P. (1999). Curbing the epidemic: Governments and the economics of tobacco control. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Johnston, B. C., Kanters, S., Bandayrel, K., Wu, P., Naji, F., Siemieniuk, R. A., … & Mills, E. J. (2014). Comparison of weight loss among named diet programs in overweight and obese adults: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 312(9), 923933. Retrieved from http://doi:10.1001/jama.2014.10397Google Scholar
Johnston, L. (1996). Resisting change: Information‐seeking and stereotype change. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26(5), 799825.Google Scholar
Jolls, C. (1998). Behavioral economic analysis of redistributive legal rules. Vanderbilt Law Review, 51, 16531677.Google Scholar
Jolls, C. (2011). Behavioral economics and the law. Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 6(3), 173263.Google Scholar
Jolls, C., & Sunstein, C. R. (2006). Debiasing through law. Journal of Legal Studies, 35, 199241.Google Scholar
Joram, E., & Read, D. (1996). Two faces of representativeness: The effects of response format on beliefs about random sampling. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 9(4), 249264.Google Scholar
Juslin, P., Wennerholm, P., & Olsson, H. (1999). Format dependence in subjective probability calibration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 25(4), 10381052.Google Scholar
Juslin, P., Winman, A., & Olsson, H. (2000). Naive empiricism and dogmatism in confidence research: A critical examination of the hard–easy effect. Psychological Review, 107(2), 384396.Google Scholar
Juslin, P., Nilsson, H., & Winman, A. (2009). Probability theory, not the very guide of life. Psychological Review, 116(4), 856874.Google Scholar
Kagan, J. (2012). Psychology’s ghosts: The crisis in the profession and the way back. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D. (2003). Maps of bounded rationality: Psychology for behavioral economics. American Economic Review, 93(5), 14491475.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D. (2011). Thinking fast and slow. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D. (2017). Re: Reconstruction of a train wreck: How priming research went off the rails [Blog comment]. https://replicationindex.wordpress.com/2017/02/02/reconstruction-of-a-train-wreck-how-priming-research-went-of-the-rails/comment-page-1/#commentsGoogle Scholar
Kahneman, D., & Frederick, S. (2005). A model of heuristic judgment. In Holyoak, K. J. & Morrison, R. G. (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of thinking and reasoning, 267293. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1996). On the reality of cognitive illusions. Psychological Review, 103(3), 582591.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D., Knetsch, J. L., & Thaler, R. H. (1991). Anomalies: The endowment effect, loss aversion, and status quo bias. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5(1), 193206.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D., Wakker, P. P., & Sarin, R. (1997). Back to Bentham? Explorations of experienced utility. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(2), 375406.Google Scholar
Kahneman, D., Ritov, I., & Schkade, D. (1999). Economic preferences or attitude expressions? An analysis of dollar responses to public issues. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 19(1), 203235.Google Scholar
Kamenica, E. (2012). Behavioral economics and psychology of incentives. Annual Review of Economics, 4(1), 427452.Google Scholar
Kao, A. B., & Couzin, I. D. (2014). Decision accuracy in complex environments is often maximized by small group sizes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1784), 20133305. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.3305Google Scholar
Katz, L. (2014). Rational choice versus lawful choice. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 170(1), 105121.Google Scholar
Keinan, A., & Kivetz, R. (2008). Remedying hyperopia: The effects of self-control regret on consumer behavior. Journal of Marketing Research, 45(6), 676689.Google Scholar
Keren, G. (1991). Calibration and probability judgments: Conceptual and methodological issues. Acta Psychologica, 77, 217273.Google Scholar
Keren, G. (2013). A tale of two systems: Scientific advance or a theoretical stone soup? Commentary on Evans & Stanovich. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(3), 257262.Google Scholar
Keren, G., & Schul, Y. (2009). Two is not always better than one: A critical evaluation of two-system theories. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(6), 533550.Google Scholar
Kerr, N. L., & Tindale, R. S. (2004). Group performance and decision making. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 623655.Google Scholar
Kessler, J., & Vesterlund, L. (2015). The external validity of laboratory experiments: The misleading emphasis on quantitative effects. In Frechette, G. R. & Schotter, A. (Eds.), Handbook of experimental economic methodology, 391404. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kim, B. K., & Zauberman, G. (2009). Perception of anticipatory time in temporal discounting. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 2(2), 91.Google Scholar
King, M. F., & Bruner, G. C. (2000). Social desirability bias: A neglected aspect of validity testing. Psychology and Marketing, 17(2), 79103.Google Scholar
Kirzner, I. M. (1973). Competition and entrepreneurship. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Klass, G., & Zeiler, K. (2013). Against endowment theory: Experimental economics and legal scholarship. UCLA Law Review, 61, 264.Google Scholar
Klayman, J., Soll, J. B., Gonzalez-Vallejo, C., & Barlas, S. (1999). Overconfidence: It depends on how, what, and whom you ask. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 79(3), 216247.Google Scholar
Klayman, J., Soll, J., Juslin, P., & Winman, A. (2006). Subjective confidence and the sampling of knowledge. In Fiedler, K. & Juslin, P. (Eds.), Information sampling and adaptive cognition, 153182. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Klein, D. B. (2004). Statist quo bias. Econ Journal Watch, 1(2), 260271.Google Scholar
Klick, J., & Mitchell, G. (2006). Government regulation of irrationality: Moral and cognitive hazards. Minnesota Law Review, 90, 16201663.Google Scholar
Knight, F. H. (1921). Risk, uncertainty and profit. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Koehler, J. J. (1996). The base rate fallacy reconsidered: Descriptive, normative, and methodological challenges. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 19(1), 117.Google Scholar
Koop, G. J., & Johnson, J. G. (2012). The use of multiple reference points in risky decision making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 25(1), 4962.Google Scholar
Kopczuk, W., & Slemrod, J. (2005). Denial of death and economic behavior. Advances in Theoretical Economics, 5(1).Google Scholar
Koppl, R. (2018). Expert failure. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Korobkin, R. (1998). The status quo bias and contract default rules. Cornell Law Review, 83(3), 608682.Google Scholar
Korzybski, A. (1958). Science and sanity. Lakeville, CT: International Non-Aristotelian Library.Google Scholar
Kraemer, H. (2013). Statistical power: Issues and proper applications. In J. S. Comer, & Kendall, P. C. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of research strategies for clinical psychology, 213226. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kreps, D. M. (2013). Microeconomic foundations I: Choice and competitive markets, Vol. 1. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Kroese, F. M., Evers, C., & De Ridder, D. T. (2011). Tricky treats: Paradoxical effects of temptation strength on self‐regulation processes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41(3), 281288.Google Scholar
Krueger, J. I., & Funder, D. C. (2004). Towards a balanced social psychology: Causes, consequences and cures for the problem-seeking approach to social behavior and cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27(3), 313327.Google Scholar
Kruglanski, A. W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2011). Intuitive and deliberative judgments are based on common principles. Psychological Review, 118(1), 97109.Google Scholar
Kuczmarski, R. J. (2007). What is obesity? Definitions matter. In Kumanyika, S. & Brownson, R. C. (Eds.), Handbook of obesity prevention: A resource for health professionals, 2544. Boston, MA: Springer.Google Scholar
Kuczmarski, R. J., & Flegal, K. M. (2000). Criteria for definition of overweight in transition: Background and recommendations for the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(5), 10741081.Google Scholar
Kudryavtsev, A., Cohen, G., & Hon-Snir, S. (2013). “Rational” or “intuitive”: Are behavioral biases correlated across stock market investors? Contemporary Economics, 7(2), 3153.Google Scholar
Kunda, Z. (1987). Motivated inference: Self-serving generation and evaluation of causal theories. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53(4), 636647.Google Scholar
Kuran, T., & Sunstein, C. R. (1998). Availability cascades and risk regulation. Stanford Law Review, 51, 683768.Google Scholar
Kurzban, R., Duckworth, A., Kable, J. W., & Myers, J. (2013). An opportunity cost model of subjective effort and task performance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(6), 661679.Google Scholar
Kwong, J. Y., Wong, K. F. E., & Tang, S. K. (2013). Comparing predicted and actual affective responses to process versus outcome: An emotion-as-feedback perspective. Cognition, 129(1), 4250.Google Scholar
Laibson, D. I., Repetto, A., Tobacman, J., Hall, R. E., Gale, W. G., & Akerlof, G. A. (1998). Self-control and saving for retirement. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1998(1), 91196.Google Scholar
Le Grand, J., & New, B. (2015). Government paternalism: Nanny state or helpful friend? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Lee, J. (2007). Repetition and financial incentives in economics experiments. Journal of Economic Surveys, 21(3), 628681.Google Scholar
Leland, J. W. (2002). Similarity judgments and anomalies in intertemporal choice. Economic Inquiry, 40(4), 574581.Google Scholar
Lerner, J. S., Li, Y., Valdesolo, P., & Kassam, K. S. (2015). Emotion and decision making. Annual Review of Psychology, 66, 799823.Google Scholar
Leslie, I. (2016). The sugar conspiracy. The Guardian, April 7. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/society/2016/apr/07/the-sugar-conspiracy-robert-lustig-john-yudkinGoogle Scholar
Leu, R. E., & Schaub, T. (1983). Does smoking increase medical care expenditure? Social Science & Medicine, 17(23), 19071914. Retrieved from www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0277953683901685Google Scholar
Levi, I. (1983). Who commits the base rate fallacy? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 6(3), 502506.Google Scholar
Levi, I. (1996). Fallacy and controversy about base rates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 19(1), 3132.Google Scholar
Levi, I. (2002). Money pumps and diachronic books. Philosophy of Science, 69(S3), S235S247.Google Scholar
Levine, L. J., Lench, H. C., Kaplan, R. L., & Safer, M. A. (2012). Accuracy and artifact: Reexamining the intensity bias in affective forecasting. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(4), 584605.Google Scholar
Levine, L. J., Lench, H. C., Kaplan, R. L., & Safer, M. A. (2013). Like Schrödinger’s cat, the impact bias is both dead and alive: Reply to Wilson and Gilbert (2013). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(5), 749756.Google Scholar
Levitt, S. D., & List, J. A. (2007). Viewpoint: On the generalizability of lab behaviour to the field. Canadian Journal of Economics, 40, 347370.Google Scholar
Lichtenstein, S., & Fischhoff, B. (1977). Do those who know more also know more about how much they know. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 20(2), 159183.Google Scholar
Lichtenstein, S., Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B., Layman, M., & Combs, B. (1978). Judged frequency of events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4(6), 551578.Google Scholar
Light, L. (2004). A fatally flawed food guide. Conscious Choice. Retrieved from http://web.archive.org/web/20090207074229/http://consciouschoice.com/2004/cc1711/wh_lead1711.htmlGoogle Scholar
Lipsey, R. G. (2001). Successes and failures in the transformation of economics. Journal of Economic Methodology, 8(2), 169201.Google Scholar
Lipton, E. (2016). A lobbyist wrote the bill. Will the tobacco industry win its e-cigarette fight? The New York Times, September 2. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com/2016/09/03/us/politics/e-cigarettes-vaping-cigars-fda-altria.htmlGoogle Scholar
List of Cognitive Biases. (n.d.).Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biasesGoogle Scholar
List, J. A. (2003). Does market experience eliminate market anomalies? Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(1), 4171.Google Scholar
List, J. A. (2004). Neoclassical theory versus prospect theory: Evidence from the marketplace. Econometrica, 72(2), 615625.Google Scholar
List, J. A. (2011). Does market experience eliminate market anomalies? The case of exogenous market experience. American Economic Review, 101(3), 313317.Google Scholar
List, J. A., & Gallet, C. A. (2001). What experimental protocol influence disparities between actual and hypothetical stated values? Environmental and Resource Economics, 20(3), 241254.Google Scholar
List, J. A., & Millimet, D. L. (2008). The market: Catalyst for rationality and filter of irrationality. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 8(1).Google Scholar
Little, I. M. D. (1957). A critique of welfare economics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Lode, E. (1999). Slippery slope arguments and legal reasoning. California Law Review, 87(6), 14691543.Google Scholar
Lodge, M., & Hamill, R. (1986). A partisan schema for political information processing. American Political Science Review, 80(2), 505519.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G. (1996). Out of control: Visceral influences on behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 65(3), 272292.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G. (1999). Experimental economics from the vantage‐point of behavioural economics. Economic Journal, 109(453), F25F34.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G. (2000). Emotions in economic theory and economic behavior. American Economic Review, 90(2), 426432.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G. (2007). Affect regulation and affective forecasting. In J. J. Gross, (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation, 180203. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G. (2011). Confronting reality: Pitfalls of calorie posting. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 93(4), 679680.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G., & Ubel, P. (2010). Economics behaving badly. New York Times, July 15. Retrieved from https://nytimes.com/2010/07/15/opinion/15loewenstein.html?_r=2&hpGoogle Scholar
Loewenstein, G., & Ubel, P. A. (2008). Hedonic adaptation and the role of decision and experience utility in public policy. Journal of Public Economics, 92(8), 17951810.Google Scholar
Loewenstein, G., John, L. K., & Volpp, K. (2012). Using decision errors to help people help themselves. In Shafir, E. (Ed.), The behavioral foundations of public policy, 361379. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Löfgren, Å., Martinsson, P., Hennlock, M., & Sterner, T. (2012). Are experienced people affected by a pre-set default option: Results from a field experiment. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 63(1), 6672.Google Scholar
Long, R. T. (2010). Wittgenstein on rule-following. In Jolley, K. D. (Ed.), Wittgenstein: Key concepts, 8191. Durham, UK: Acumen Press.Google Scholar
Loomis, J. (2011). What’s to know about hypothetical bias in stated preference valuation studies? Journal of Economic Surveys, 25(2), 363370.Google Scholar
Lopes, L. L., & Oden, G. C. (1991). The rationality of intelligence. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, 21, 199223.Google Scholar
Lord, C. G., Ross, L., & Lepper, M. R. (1979). Biased assimilation and attitude polarization: The effects of prior theories on subsequently considered evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(11), 20982109.Google Scholar
Lovelace, B. Jr. (2017). FDA commissioner: Safer tobacco products can provide ‘satisfying levels of nicotine’ to people who want it. CNBC, August 24. Retrieved from www.cnbc.com/2017/08/24/fda-tobacco-product-innovations-can-provide-satisfying-levels-of-nicotine.htmlGoogle Scholar
Lucas, G. M. Jr. (2012). Paternalism and psychic taxes: The government’s use of negative emotions to save us from ourselves. Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, 22, 227302.Google Scholar
Lucas, G. M. Jr. (2015). Out of sight, out of mind: How opportunity cost neglect undermines democracy. NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, 9, 249343.Google Scholar
Lucas, G. M. Jr., & Tasic, S. (2015). Behavioral public choice and the law. West Virginia Law Review, 118, 199264.Google Scholar
Luce, R. D., & Raiffa, H. (1957). Games and decisions: Introduction and critical surveys. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
Lundgren, S. R., & Prislin, R. (1998). Motivated cognitive processing and attitude change. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24(7), 715726.Google Scholar
Lusardi, A., & Mitchell, O. S. (2014). The economic importance of financial literacy: Theory and evidence. Journal of Economic Literature, 52(1), 544.Google Scholar
Lusardi, A., Keller, P. A., & Keller, A. M. (2009). New ways to make people save: A social marketing approach. In Lusardi, A. (Ed.), Overcoming the saving slump: How to increase the effectiveness of financial education and saving programs, 209235. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Macdonald, R. R., & Gilhooly, K. J. (1990). More about Linda: Or conjunctions in context. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 2(1), 5770.Google Scholar
McGinley, L., & Dennis, B. (2016). The federal government is about to begin regulating the booming e-cigarette market.Washington Post, May 5. Retrieved from www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/the-federal-government-is-about-to-begin-regulating-the-booming-e-cigarette-market/2016/05/05/d22ddec0-130b-11e6-93ae-50921721165d_story.htmlGoogle Scholar
Machlup, F. (1974). Spiro Latsis on situational determinism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 25(3), 271284.Google Scholar
Maciejovsky, B., & Budescu, D. V. (2007). Collective induction without cooperation? Learning and knowledge transfer in cooperative groups and competitive auctions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(5), 854870.Google Scholar
McKenzie, C. R. (2003). Rational models as theories – not standards – of behavior. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7, 403406.Google Scholar
McKenzie, C. R., & Nelson, J. D. (2003). What a speaker’s choice of frame reveals: Reference points, frame selection, and framing effects. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10(3), 596602.Google Scholar
McKenzie, C. R., Liersch, M. J., & Finkelstein, S. R. (2006). Recommendations implicit in policy defaults. Psychological Science, 17(5), 414420.Google Scholar
McKenzie, C. R., Liersch, M. J., & Yaniv, I. (2008). Overconfidence in interval estimates: What does expertise buy you? Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 107(2), 179191.Google Scholar
McNamara, J. M., Trimmer, P. C., & Houston, A. I. (2014). Natural selection can favour “irrational” behaviour. Biology Letters, 10(1), 20130935.Google Scholar
McNeill, A., Brose, L. S., Calder, R., Hitchman, S. C., Hajek, P., & McRobbie, R. (2015). E-cigarettes: An evidence update. Public Health England. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/733022/Ecigarettes_an_evidence_update_A_report_commissioned_by_Public_Health_England_FINAL.pdfGoogle Scholar
Maler, K.-G., & Vincent, J. R. (2005). Handbook of environmental economics, Vol. 2. Burlington, MA: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Malmendier, U., & Taylor, T. (2015). On the verges of overconfidence. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 29(4), 37.Google Scholar
Manzini, P., & Mariotti, M. (2006). A vague theory of choice over time. Advances in Theoretical Economics, 6(1), 127.Google Scholar
Manzini, P., & Mariotti, M. (2009). Choice over time. In Anand, P., Pattanaik, P., & Puppe, C. (Eds.), The handbook of rational and social choice, 240270. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Maor, M. (2012). Policy overreaction. Journal of Public Policy, 32(3), 231259.Google Scholar
Marewski, J. N., Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2010). Good judgments do not require complex cognition. Cognitive Process, 11, 103121.Google Scholar
Markey, O., Le Jeune, J., & Lovegrove, J. A. (2016). Energy compensation following consumption of sugar-reduced products: A randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Nutrition, 55(6), 21372149.Google Scholar
Marzilli Ericson, K. M., & Fuster, A. (2014). The endowment effect. Annual Review of Economics, 6(1), 555579.Google Scholar
Mas-Colell, A., Whinston, M. D., & Green, J. R. (1995). Microeconomic theory. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Mast, B. D., Benson, B. L., & Rasmussen, D. W. (1999). Beer taxation and alcohol-related traffic fatalities. Southern Economic Journal, 66(2), 214249.Google Scholar
Mattes, R. D., & Popkin, B. M. (2009). Nonnutritive sweetener consumption in humans: Effects on appetite and food intake and their putative mechanisms. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89(1), 114.Google Scholar
Menger, C. (1981). Principles of economics. Translated by Dingwall, I. & Hoselitz, B. F.. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
Merton, R. C. (1973). An intertemporal capital asset pricing model. Econometrica, 41(5), 867887.Google Scholar
Messer, W. S., & Griggs, R. A. (1993). Another look at Linda. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 31(3), 193196.Google Scholar
Mick, D. G. (1991). Giving gifts to ourselves: A Greimassian analysis leading to testable propositions. In Larsen, H. H., Mick, D. G., & Alsted, C. (Eds.), Marketing and semiotics: Selected papers from the Copenhagen symposium, 142159. Copenhagen, Denmark: Handelshojskolens Forlag.Google Scholar
Mick, D. G. (1996). Self-gifts. In Otnes, C. & Beltramini, R. F. (Eds.), Gift giving: A research anthology, 99120. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press.Google Scholar
Mick, D. M., & DeMoss, M. (1990). Self-gifts: Phenomenological insights from four contexts. Journal of Consumer Research, 17(3), 322332.Google Scholar
Mill, J. S. (1989 [1859]). On liberty and other writings. Edited by Collini, S.. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Miller, V., Mente, A., Dehghan, M., Rangarajan, S., Zhang, X., Swaminathan, S., … & Bangdiwala, S. I. (2017). Fruit, vegetable, and legume intake, and cardiovascular disease and deaths in 18 countries (PURE): A prospective cohort study. The Lancet, 390(10107), 20372049.Google Scholar
Miloyan, B., & Suddendorf, T. (2015). Feelings of the future. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(4), 196200.Google Scholar
Minger, D. (2014). Death by food pyramid: How shoddy science, sketchy politics and shady special interests have ruined our health [Kindle version]. New York: Primal Nutrition.Google Scholar
Miron, J. A., & Zwiebel, J. (1995). The economic case against drug prohibition. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(4), 175192.Google Scholar
Mirpuri, V. (2016). Non-discrimination testing: The basics of IRS 401(k) compliance [Blog post]. Human Interest Blog, May 27.Google Scholar
Mischel, W., Shoda, Y., & Rodriguez, M. I. (1989). Delay of gratification in children. Science, 244(4907), 933938.Google Scholar
Mises, L. von. (1949). Human action: A treatise on economics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Mitchell, G. (2002). Why law and economics’ perfect rationality should not be traded for behavioral law and economics’ equal incompetence. Georgetown Law Journal, 91, 67168.Google Scholar
Mitchell, G. (2005). Libertarian paternalism is an oxymoron. Northwestern University Law Review, 99(3), 12451277.Google Scholar
Moore, D. A., Tenney, E. R., & Haran, U. (2015). Overprecision in judgment. In Wu, G. and Keren, G. (Eds.), The Wiley Blackwell handbook of judgment and decision making, 182209. Chichster, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Morewedge, C. K., & Buechel, E. C. (2013). Motivated underpinnings of the impact bias in affective forecasts. Emotion, 13(6), 10231029.Google Scholar
Morewedge, C. K., Shu, L. L., Gilbert, D. T., & Wilson, T. D. (2009). Bad riddance or good rubbish? Ownership and not loss aversion causes the endowment effect. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(4), 947951.Google Scholar
Morris, J., & Khan, A. U. (2016). The vapour revolution: How bottom-up innovation is saving lives. Reason Foundation Working Paper. Retrieved from https://reason.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/vapour_revolution_working_paper.pdfGoogle Scholar
Mousavi, S., & Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Risk, uncertainty, and heuristics. Journal of Business Research, 67(8), 16711678.Google Scholar
Muraven, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: Does self-control resemble a muscle? Psychological Bulletin, 126(2), 247259.Google Scholar
Murphy, J. J., Allen, P. G., Stevens, T. H., & Weatherhead, D. (2005). A meta-analysis of hypothetical bias in stated preference valuation. Environmental and Resource Economics, 30(3), 313325.Google Scholar
Myers, R. L. (2007). The 100 most important chemical compounds: A reference guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
Myrseth, K. O. R., Fishbach, A., & Trope, Y. (2009). Counteractive self-control: When making temptation available makes temptation less tempting. Psychological Science, 20(2), 159163.Google Scholar
Nestle, M. (1993). Food lobbies, the food pyramid, and US nutrition policy. International Journal of Health Services, 23(3), 483496.Google Scholar
Nickerson, R. S. (1998). Confirmation bias: A ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. Review of General Psychology, 2(2), 175220.Google Scholar
Nicolle, A., Fleming, S. M., Bach, D. R., Driver, J., & Dolan, R. J. (2011). A regret-induced status quo bias. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(9), 33203327.Google Scholar
Nilsson, H., Olsson, H., & Juslin, P. (2005). The cognitive substrate of subjective probability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31(4), 600620.Google Scholar
Niskanen, W. A. (1971). Bureaucracy and representative government. Chicago, IL: Aldine, Atherton.Google Scholar
Niskanen, W. A. (1991). A reflection on bureaucracy and representative government. In Blais, A. and Dion, S. (Eds.), The budget-maximizing bureaucrat, 1333. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Corte, C. (2004). Gender and self-regulation. In Baumeister, R. F. & Vohs, K. D. (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed.), 411421. New York: Guilford Publications.Google Scholar
Non-discrimination testing: The basics of IRS 401(k) compliance. (2016). Human Interest, May 27. Retrieved from https://humaninterest.com/blog/non-discrimination-testing-ndt-the-basics-of-401k-complianceGoogle Scholar
Nozick, R. (1993). The nature of rationality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Oaksford, M., & Chater, N. (1996). Rational explanation of the selection task. Psychological Review, 103(2), 381391.Google Scholar
Oaksford, M., & Chater, N. (2009). Précis of Bayesian rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32(1), 6984.Google Scholar
O’Donoghue, T., & Rabin, M. (1998). Procrastination in preparing for retirement. University of California-Berkeley Working Paper. Retrieved from www.wiwi.uni-bonn.de/kraehmer/Lehre/Beh_Econ/Papiere/ODonoghue-Rabin-retire.pdfGoogle Scholar
O’Donoghue, T., & Rabin, M. (2003). Studying optimal paternalism, illustrated by a model of sin taxes. American Economic Review, 93(2), 186191.Google Scholar
O’Donoghue, T., & Rabin, M. (2006). Optimal sin taxes. Journal of Public Economics, 90(10), 18251849.Google Scholar
O’Donoghue, T., & Rabin, M. (2015). Present bias: Lessons learned and to be learned. American Economic Review, 105(5), 273279.Google Scholar
O’Donoghue, T., & Sprenger, C. (2018). Reference-dependent preferences. In Bernheim, B. D. & Della Vigna, S., & Laibson, D. (Eds.), Handbook of behavioral economics: Foundations and applications, Vol. 2. Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
Oliver, J. E. (2006). Fat politics: The real story behind America’s obesity epidemic. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Olson, M. (1965). Logic of collective action: Public goods and the theory of groups. New York: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
Olsson, H. (2014). Measuring overconfidence: Methodological problems and statistical artifacts. Journal of Business Research, 67(8), 17661770.Google Scholar
Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349(6251). http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aac4716Google Scholar
Oppenheimer, D. M. (2004). Spontaneous discounting of availability in frequency judgment tasks. Psychological Science, 15(2), 100105.Google Scholar
Otsuka, R., Watanabe, H., Hirata, K., Tokai, K., Muro, T., Yoshiyama, M., … & Yoshikawa, J. (2001). Acute effects of passive smoking on the coronary circulation in healthy young adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286(4), 436441.Google Scholar
Patt, A., & Zeckhauser, R. (2000). Action bias and environmental decisions. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 21(1), 4572.Google Scholar
Payne, J. W., Bettman, J. R., & Johnson, E. J. (1992). Behavioral decision research: A constructive processing perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 43, 87131.Google Scholar
Pechacek, T. F., & Babb, S. (2004). How acute and reversible are the cardiovascular risks of secondhand smoke? British Medical Journal, 328(7446), 980983.Google Scholar
Peters, J. C., & Beck, J. (2016). Low calorie sweetener (LCS) use and energy balance. Physiology & Behavior, 164, 524528.Google Scholar
Peters, J. W. (2007). In small packages, fewer calories and more profit. New York Times, July 7, C1.Google Scholar
Plan Sponsor Council of America. (2018). 60th annual survey of profit sharing and 401(k) plans. Chicago, IL: Plan Sponsor Council of America.Google Scholar
Plott, C. R., & Zeiler, K. (2005). The willingness to pay–willingness to accept gap, the “endowment effect,” subject misconceptions, and experimental procedures for eliciting valuations. American Economic Review, 95(3), 530545.Google Scholar
Plott, C. R., & Zeiler, K. (2007). Exchange asymmetries incorrectly interpreted as evidence of endowment effect theory and prospect theory? American Economic Review, 97(4), 14491466.Google Scholar
Politzer, G., & Bonnefon, J. F. (2009). Let us not put the probabilistic card before the uncertainty bull. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32(1), 100101.Google Scholar
Posner, R. A. (2007). Libertarian paternalism: Posner’s comment [Blog post]. Retrieved from www.becker-posner-blog.com/2007/01/libertarian-paternalism--posners-comment.htmlGoogle Scholar
Posner, R. A. (1972). A theory of negligence. Journal of Legal Studies, 1, 2996.Google Scholar
Prelec, D. (2004). Decreasing impatience: A criterion for non‐stationary time preference and “hyperbolic” discounting. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 106(3), 511532.Google Scholar
Puri, M., & Robinson, D. T. (2007). Optimism and economic choice. Journal of Financial Economics, 86, 7199.Google Scholar
Quinn, M. (2014). Turns out the 113th Congress wasn’t the “least productive.” Daily Signal, December 30. Retrieved from http://dailysignal.com/2014/12/30/turns-113th-congress-wasnt-least-productiveGoogle Scholar
Rabin, M. (1998). Psychology and economics. Journal of Economic Literature, 36, 1146.Google Scholar
Rabin, M. (1999). Comment. In Aaron, H. (Ed.), Behavioral dimensions of retirement economics, 247252. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
Rabinowicz, W. (2000). Money pump with foresight. In Almeida, M. (Ed.), Imperceptible harms and benefits, 123154. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.Google Scholar
Raloff, J. (2014). Health risks of e-cigarettes emerge. Science News, June 3. Retrieved from www.sciencenews.org/article/health-risks-e-cigarettes-emergeGoogle Scholar
Read, D. (2001). Is time-discounting hyperbolic or subadditive?. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 23(1), 532.Google Scholar
Read, D. (2004). Intertemporal choice. In Koehler, D. & Harvey, N. (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of judgment and decision making, 424443. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Read, D. (2006). Which side are you on? The ethics of self-command. Journal of Economic Psychology, 27(5), 681693.Google Scholar
Read, D., & Grushka‐Cockayne, Y. (2011). The similarity heuristic. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 24(1), 2346.Google Scholar
Read, D., Frederick, S., & Airoldi, M. (2012). Four days later in Cincinnati: Longitudinal tests of hyperbolic discounting. Acta Psychologica, 140(2), 177185.Google Scholar
Read, S. (1995). Thinking about logic: An introduction to the philosophy of logic. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Redelmeier, D. A., & Kahneman, D. (1996). Patients’ memories of painful medical treatments: Real-time and retrospective evaluations of two minimally invasive procedures. Pain, 66, 38.Google Scholar
Redelmeier, D. A., Rozin, P., & Kahneman, D. (1993). Understanding patients’ decisions: Cognitive and emotional perspectives. JAMA, 270(1), 7276.Google Scholar
Reinhard, M. A., Schindler, S., Raabe, V., Stahlberg, D., & Messner, M. (2014). Less is sometimes more: How repetition of an antismoking advertisement affects attitudes toward smoking and source credibility. Social Influence, 9(2), 116132.Google Scholar
Rescher, N. (1987). How serious a fallacy is inconsistency? Argumentation, 1(3), 303316.Google Scholar
Rescher, N. (1988). Rationality: A philosophical inquiry into the nature and rationale of reason. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Rich, Nathaniel. (2011). Bad things happen to bad children. Slate.com, October 24.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J. (2005). The problem of moral dirigisme: A new argument against moralistic legislation. NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, 1, 789843.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J. (2007). Trust us. Forbes, June 18, 30. Retrieved from www.forbes.com/columnists/forbes/2007/0618/030.html?partner=whiteglove_googleGoogle Scholar
Rizzo, M. J. (2014). James M. Buchanan: Through an Austrian window. Review of Austrian Economics, 27(2), 135145.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J. (2016). Behavioral economics and deficient willpower: Searching for akrasia. Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, 14, 789806.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J., & Whitman, D. G. (2003). The camel’s nose is in the tent: Rules, theories, and slippery slopes. UCLA Law Review, 51(2), 539592.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J., & Whitman, D. G. (2007). Meet the new boss, same as the old boss: A critique of the new paternalism. Unpublished manuscript, New York University, New York.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J., & Whitman, D. G. (2009a). Little brother is watching you: New paternalism on the slippery slopes. Arizona Law Review, 51, 685739.Google Scholar
Rizzo, M. J., & Whitman, D. G. (2009b). The knowledge problem of new paternalism. Brigham Young University Law Review, 2009(4), 905968.Google Scholar
Robbins, L. (1935). An essay on the nature & significance of economic science (2nd ed.). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Rockenbach, B., Sadrieh, A., & Mathauschek, B. (2007). Teams take the better risks. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 63(3), 412422.Google Scholar
Roelofsma, P. H., & Read, D. (2000). Intransitive intertemporal choice. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 13(2), 161177.Google Scholar
Rosenthal, R. (1979). The file drawer problem and tolerance for null results. Psychological Bulletin, 86(3), 638641.Google Scholar
Rothman, A. J., & Schwarz, N. (1998). Constructing perceptions of vulnerability: Personal relevance and the use of experiential information in health judgments. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 10531064.Google Scholar
Rouvray, D. H. (1992). Definition and role of similarity concepts in the chemical and physical sciences. Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, 32(6), 580586.Google Scholar
Rozenblit, L., & Keil, F. (2002). The misunderstood limits of folk science: An illusion of explanatory depth. Cognitive Science, 26(5), 521562.Google Scholar
Rubinstein, A. (2003). “Economics and psychology”? The case of hyperbolic discounting. International Economic Review, 44(4), 12071216.Google Scholar
Rubinstein, A., & Salant, Y. (2008). Some thoughts on the principle of revealed preference. In Caplin, A. & Schotter, A. (Eds.), The foundations of positive and normative economics: A handbook, 116124. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Russo, J. E., & Leclerc, F. (1991). Characteristics of successful product information programs. Journal of Social Issues, 47(1), 7392.Google Scholar
Safe Kids Worldwide. (2013). Poisoning safety fact sheet. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Sambrook, T. D., Hardwick, B., Wills, A. J., & Goslin, J. (2018). Model-free and model-based reward prediction errors in EEG. NeuroImage, 178, 162171.Google Scholar
Samson, A. (Ed.). (2014). The behavioural economics guide. Retrieved from www.behavioraleconomics.com/introduction-behavioral-economics/Google Scholar
Samuelson, P. A. (1938). A note on the pure theory of consumer’s behaviour. Economica, 5(17), 6171.Google Scholar
Samuelson, W., & Zeckhauser, R. (1988). Status quo bias in decision making. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 1, 759.Google Scholar
Sandroni, A., & Katz, L. (2014). Why law breeds cycles. Unpublished manuscript, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.Google Scholar
Savage, L. J. (1954). The foundations of statistics. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Sawyer, K. R., Beed, C., & Sankey, H. (1997). Underdetermination in economics: The Duhem-Quine thesis. Economics and Philosophy, 13(1), 123.Google Scholar
Sayman, S., & Öncüler, A. (2009). An investigation of time inconsistency. Management Science, 55(3), 470482.Google Scholar
Scargle, J. (2000). Publication bias: The “file-drawer” problem in scientific inference. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 14(1), 91106.Google Scholar
Schauer, F. (1985). Slippery slopes. Harvard Law Review, 99(2), 361383.Google Scholar
Scheall, S., Butos, W. N., & McQuade, T. (2018). Social and scientific disorder as epistemic phenomena, or the consequences of government dietary guidelines. Journal of Institutional Economics, 15(3), 117.Google Scholar
Schelling, T. C. (1978). Egonomics, or the art of self-management. American Economic Review, 68(2), 290294.Google Scholar
Schelling, T. C. (1984). Self-command in practice, in policy, and in a theory of rational choice. American Economic Review, 74(2), 111.Google Scholar
Schimmack, U. (2012). The ironic effect of significant results on the credibility of multiple-study articles. Psychological Methods, 17(4), 551.Google Scholar
Schimmack, U., Heene, M., & Kesavan, K. (2017). Reconstruction of a train wreck: How priming research went off the rails [Blog post]. Replicability Index. Retrieved from https://replicationindex.wordpress.com/2017/02/02/reconstruction-of-a-train-wreck-how-priming-research-went-of-the-rails/Google Scholar
Schmidt, F. L., & Hunter, J. E. (2015). Methods of meta-analysis: Correcting error and bias in research findings. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Schooler, L. J., & Hertwig, R. (2005). How forgetting aids heuristic influence. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 610628.Google Scholar
Schultz, W. (2015). Neuronal reward and decision signals: From theories to data. Physiological Reviews, 95(3), 853951.Google Scholar
Schultz, W. (2016). Dopamine reward prediction error coding. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 18(1), 2332.Google Scholar
Schultz, W., & Dickinson, A. (2000). Neuronal coding of prediction errors. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 23(1), 473500.Google Scholar
Schulze, C., & Newell, B. R. (2016). More heads choose better than one: Group decision making can eliminate probability matching. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(3), 907914.Google Scholar
Schumpeter, J. A. (2010 [1908]). The nature and essence of economic theory. Translated by McDaniel, B. A.. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
Schutz, A. (1962). Common–sense and the scientific interpretation of human action. In Natanson, M. (Ed.), Collected papers I: The problem of social reality, 347. The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff.Google Scholar
Schwarz, N. (1998). Accessible content and accessibility experiences: The interplay of declarative and experiential information in judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2(2), 8799.Google Scholar
Schwarz, N., Bless, H., Strack, F., Klumpp, G., Rittenauer-Schatka, H., & Simons, A. (1991). Ease of retrieval as information: Another look at the availability heuristic. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61(2), 195202.Google Scholar
Searle, J. (1969). Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Sedlmeier, P., Hertwig, R., & Gigerenzer, G. (1998). Are judgments of the positional frequencies of letters systematically biased due to availability? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 24(3), 754770.Google Scholar
Sen, A. (1993). Internal consistency of choice. Econometrica, 61(3), 495521.Google Scholar
Sen, A. (1997). Maximization and the act of choice. Econometrica, 65(4), 745779.Google Scholar
Sen, A. (2007). Unrestrained smoking is a libertarian half-way house. Financial Times, February 11. Retrieved from www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c8617786-ba13-11db-89c8-0000779e2340.htmlGoogle Scholar
Shackle, G. L. S. (1961). Decision, order, and time in human affairs. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Shafir, E. (Ed.). (2012). The behavioral foundations of public policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Shah, A. K., Shafir, E., & Mullainathan, S. (2015). Scarcity frames value. Psychological Science, 26(4), 402412.Google Scholar
Sharot, T. (2011). The optimism bias. Current Biology, 21(23), R941R945.Google Scholar
Sharpe, M. J., Chang, C. Y., Liu, M. A., Batchelor, H. M., Mueller, L. E., Jones, J. L., … & Schoenbaum, G. (2017). Dopamine transients are sufficient and necessary for acquisition of model-based associations. Nature Neuroscience, 20(5), 735742.Google Scholar
Sher, S., & McKenzie, C. R. (2006). Information leakage from logically equivalent frames. Cognition, 101(3), 467494Google Scholar
Shimokawa, S. (2016). Why can calorie posting be apparently ineffective? The roles of two conflicting learning effects. Food Policy, 64, 107120.Google Scholar
Shogren, J. (2005). Experimental methods and valuation. In Mäler, K. G. & Vincent, J. R. (Eds.), Handbook of environmental economics, Vol. 2, 9701027. Burlington, MA: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Siegel, M. (2007). Is the tobacco control movement misrepresenting the acute cardiovascular health effects of secondhand smoke exposure? An analysis of the scientific evidence and commentary on the implications for tobacco control and public health practice. Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations, 4(1), 113. http://doi:10.1186/1742-5573-4-12Google Scholar
Siegmund, B., Leitner, E., & Pfannhauser, W. (1999). Determination of the nicotine content of various edible nightshades (Solanaceae) and their products and estimation of the associated dietary nicotine intake. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 47(8), 31133120. Retrieved from www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10552617Google Scholar
Sifferlin, A. (2015). Health experts angry FDA still doesn’t regulate e-cigarettes. Time, May 1. Retrieved from http://time.com/3843214/e-cigarettes-regulation-health-experts/Google Scholar
Simard, F. (2004). Self‐interest in public administration: Niskanen and the budget‐maximizing bureaucrat. Canadian Public Administration, 47(3), 406411.Google Scholar
Simonson, I. (1989). Choice based on reasons: The case of attraction and compromise effects. Journal of Consumer Research, 16(2), 158174.Google Scholar
Simonson, I., & Tversky, A. (1992). Choice in context: Tradeoff contrast and extremeness aversion. Journal of Marketing Research, 29(3), 281295.Google Scholar
Sloan, F. A., Mathews, C. A., & Trogdon, J. G. (2004). Impacts of the Master Settlement Agreement on the tobacco industry. Tobacco Control, 13(4), 356361.Google Scholar
Slonim, R., Wang, C., Garbarino, E., & Merrett, D. (2013). Opting-in: Participation bias in economic experiments. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 90, 4370.Google Scholar
Smith, A. (1976 [1776]). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Smith, A. C., & Yandle, B. (2014). Bootleggers & Baptists: How economic forces and moral persuasion interact to shape regulatory politics. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.Google Scholar
Smith, C. A., & Ellsworth, P. C. (1985). Patterns of cognitive appraisal in emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48(4), 813838.Google Scholar
Smith, V. L. (2005). Behavioral economics research and the foundations of economics. Journal of Socio-Economics, 34(2), 135150.Google Scholar
Smith, V. L., & Walker, J. M. (1993). Rewards, experience and decision costs in first price auctions. Economic Inquiry, 31(2), 237244.Google Scholar
Sniezek, J. A., & Henry, R. A. (1989). Accuracy and confidence in group judgment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 43(1), 128.Google Scholar
So, J., Kim, S., & Cohen, H. (2017). Message fatigue: Conceptual definition, operationalization, and correlates. Communication Monographs, 84(1), 529.Google Scholar
Soll, J. B., & Klayman, J. (2004). Overconfidence in interval estimates. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30(2), 299314.Google Scholar
Soman, D., Ainslie, G., Frederick, S., Li, X., Lynch, J., Moreau, P., … & Wertenbroch, K. (2005). The psychology of intertemporal discounting: Why are distant events valued differently from proximal ones? Marketing Letters, 16(3), 347360.Google Scholar
Somin, I. (2016). Democracy and political ignorance: Why smaller government is smarter [E-reader version]. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Soto, D., Mäntylä, T., & Silvanto, J. (2011). Working memory without consciousness. Current Biology, 21(22), R912R913.Google Scholar
Spencer, H. (1981 [1884]). The coming slavery. In Mack, E. (Ed.), The man versus the state, 3170. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Classics.Google Scholar
Spiegler, R. (2015). On the equilibrium effects of nudging. Journal of Legal Studies, 44(2), 389416.Google Scholar
Sprenger, C. (2015). Judging experimental evidence on dynamic inconsistency. American Economic Review, 105(5), 280285.Google Scholar
Stanovich, K. E., & Toplak, M. E. (2012). Defining features versus incidental correlates of type 1 and type 2 processing. Mind & Society, 11, 313.Google Scholar
Stauffer, W. R., Lak, A., & Schultz, W. (2014). Dopamine reward prediction error responses reflect marginal utility. Current Biology, 24(21), 24912500.Google Scholar
Stevens, J. R. (2016). Intertemporal similarity: Discounting as a last resort. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 29(1), 1224.Google Scholar
Stigler, G. J. (1971). The theory of economic regulation. Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 2(1), 321.Google Scholar
Stochastic Dominance. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stochastic_dominanceGoogle Scholar
Strahilevitz, M. A., & Loewenstein, G. (1998). The effect of ownership history on the valuation of objects. Journal of Consumer Research, 25(3), 276289.Google Scholar
Strotz, R. H. (1955–1956). Myopia and inconsistency in dynamic utility maximization. Review of Economic Studies, 23(3), 165180.Google Scholar
Sugden, R. (2015). Looking for a psychology for the inner rational agent. Social Theory and Practice, 41(4), 579598.Google Scholar
Sullivan, K., & Kida, T. (1995). The effect of multiple reference points and prior gains and losses on managers’ risky decision making. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 64(1), 7683.Google Scholar
Sunstein, C. R. (2014). Why nudge? The politics of libertarian paternalism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Sunstein, C. R. (2015). Nudges, agency, and abstraction: A reply to critics. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 6(3), 511529.Google Scholar
Sunstein, C. R., & Thaler, R. H. (2003). Libertarian paternalism is not an oxymoron. University of Chicago Law Review, 70(4), 11591202.Google Scholar
Taber, C. S., & Lodge, M. (2006). Motivated skepticism in the evaluation of political beliefs. American Journal of Political Science, 50(3), 755769.Google Scholar
Tang, N., & Lachance, M. E. (2012). Financial advice: What about low income consumers?. Journal of Personal Finance, 11(2), 121158.Google Scholar
Tannenbaum, D., & Ditto, P. H. (2011). Information asymmetries in default options. Working Paper. Retrieved from http://home.uchicago.edu/davetannenbaum/documents/default%20informationGoogle Scholar
Tasic, S. (2009). The illusion of regulatory competence. Critical Review, 21(4), 423436.Google Scholar
Tasic, S. (2011). Are regulators rational? Journal des conomistes et des tudes Humaines, 17(1), 119.Google Scholar
Tavernise, S. (2015). Swedish company asks F.D.A. to remove warnings from smokeless tobacco product. New York Times, April 8.Google Scholar
Taylor, S. E., & Thompson, S. C. (1982). Stalking the elusive “vividness” effect. Psychological Review, 89(2), 155181.Google Scholar
Tentori, K., Crupi, V., & Russo, S. (2013). On the determinants of the conjunction fallacy: Probability vs. inductive confirmation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(1), 235255.Google Scholar
Tergesen, A. (2011). 401(k) law suppresses savings for retirement. Wall Street Journal, July 7. Available at www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702303365804576430153643522780Google Scholar
Tergesen, A. (2018). 401(k) or ATM? Automated retirement savings prove easy to pluck prematurely. Wall Street Journal, August 10, B8.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H. (1981). Some empirical evidence on dynamic inconsistency. Economics Letters, 8(3), 201207.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H. (1985). Mental accounting and consumer choice. Marketing Science, 4(3), 199214.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H. (1991). Quasi rational economics. New York: Russell Sage.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H. (2015a). Misbehaving: How economics became behavioural. London, UK: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H. (2015b). Misbehaving: The making of behavioral economics. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H., & Benartzi, S. (2004). Save more tomorrow: Using behavioral economics to increase employee saving. Journal of Political Economy, 112(1), S164S187.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H., & Rizzo, M. J. (2007). Should policies nudge people to make certain choices? Wall Street Journal, May 25. Retrieved from www.wsj.com/articles/SB117977357721809835Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2003). Libertarian paternalism. American Economic Review, 93(2), 175179.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2008). Nudge: Improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H., & Sunstein, C. R. (2009). Nudge: The gentle power of choice architecture [Kindle version].Google Scholar
Thaler, R. H., Tversky, A., Kahneman, D., & Schwartz, A. (1997). The effect of myopia and loss aversion on risk taking: An experimental test. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(2), 647661.Google Scholar
Tiihonen, J., Ronkainen, K., Kangasharju, A., & Kauhanen, J. (2012). The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs: A cohort study. BMJ Open, 2(6), 16. Retrieved from http://doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001678Google Scholar
Tobler, P. N., O’Doherty, J. P., Dolan, R. J., & Schultz, W. (2006). Human neural learning depends on reward prediction errors in the blocking paradigm. Journal of Neurophysiology, 95(1), 301310.Google Scholar
Todd, P. M., & Goodie, A. S. (2002). Testing the ecological rationality of base rate neglect. In B. Hallam, D. Floreano, J. Hallam, G. Hayes, and J. A. Meyer (Eds.), From animals to animals 7: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 215223.Google Scholar
Todd, P. M., Gigerenzer, G., & ABC Research Group (Eds.). 2012 Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.Google Scholar
Tompson, T., Benz, J., Agiesta, J., Brewer, K. H., Bye, L., Reimer, R., & Junius, D. (2012) Obesity in the United States: Public perceptions. Chicago: The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.Google Scholar
Trope, Y., & Fishbach, A. (2005). Going beyond the motivation given. In Hassin, R. R., Uleman, J. S., & Bargh, J. A. (Eds.), The new unconscious, 537565. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Tversky, A. (1975). A critique of expected utility theory: Descriptive and normative considerations. Erkenntnis, 9(2), 163173.Google Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1973). Availability: A heuristic for judging frequency and probability. Cognitive Psychology, 5(2), 207232.Google Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185, 11241130.Google Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1980). Causal schemata in judgments under uncertainty. In Fishbein, M. (Ed.), Progress in social psychology, Vol. 1, 4972. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1983). Extensional versus intuitive reasoning: The conjunction fallacy in probability judgment. Psychological Review 90(4), 293315.Google Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1986). Rational choice and the framing of decisions. Journal of Business, 59(4), S251S278.Google Scholar
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1992). Advances in prospect theory: Cumulative representation of uncertainty. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 5(4), 297323.Google Scholar
US Department of Health, Education and Welfare. (1964). Smoking and health: Report of the advisory committee to the Surgeon General of the public health service. Report No. 1103. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
Uzawa, H. (1956). Note on preference and axioms of choice. Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 8(1), 3540.Google Scholar
Van Baal, P. H., Polder, J. J., de Wit, G. A., Hoogenveen, R. T., Feenstra, T. L., Boshuizen, H. C., … & Brouwer, W. B. (2008). Lifetime medical costs of obesity: Prevention no cure for increasing health expenditure. PLoS Medicine, 5(2), e29. Retrieved from http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050029Google Scholar
Van Dillen, L. F., Papies, E. K., & Hofmann, W. (2013). Turning a blind eye to temptation: How cognitive load can facilitate self-regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(3), 427443.Google Scholar
VanEpps, E. M., Roberto, C. A., Park, S., Economos, C. D., & Bleich, S. N. (2016). Restaurant menu labeling policy: Review of evidence and controversies. Current Obesity Reports, 5(1), 7280.Google Scholar
van Gaal, S., De Lange, F. P., & Cohen, M. X. (2012). The role of consciousness in cognitive control and decision making. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6(121), 115.Google Scholar
Varian, H. R. (1992). Microeconomic analysis (3rd ed.). New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Varian, H. R. (2010). Intermediate microeconomics: A modern approach, Vol. 6. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Varki, A. (2009). Human uniqueness and the denial of death. Nature, 460(7256), 684.Google Scholar
Veer, E., & Rank, T. (2012). Warning! The following packet contains shocking images: The impact of mortality salience on the effectiveness of graphic cigarette warning labels. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 11(3), 225233.Google Scholar
Velleman, J. D. (1988). Brandt’s definition of “good.” Philosophical Review, 97(3), 353371.Google Scholar
Villareal, W. (2015). Vaping shops say FDA regulation could put them out of business. Los Angeles Times, August 10. Retrieved from www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-vaping-shops-20150810-story.htmlGoogle Scholar
Villejoubert, G., & Mandel, D. R. (2002). The inverse fallacy: An account of deviations from Bayes’s theorem and the additivity principle. Memory & Cognition, 30(2), 171178.Google Scholar
Vineberg, S. (2011). Dutch book arguments. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Summer 2011 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2011/entries/dutch-bookGoogle Scholar
Viscusi, W. K. (1990). Do smokers underestimate risks? Journal of Political Economy, 98(6), 12531269.Google Scholar
Viscusi, W. K. (1994). Cigarette taxation and the social consequences of smoking. NBER Working Paper No. w4891. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from www.heartland.org/_template-assets/documents/publications/w4891.pdfGoogle Scholar
Viscusi, W. K., & Gayer, T. (2015). Behavioral public choice: The behavioral paradox of government policy. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 38, 9731007.Google Scholar
Viscusi, W. K., & Magat, W. A. (1987). Learning about risk: Consumer and worker response to hazard information. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Loewenstein, G. (Eds.). (2007). Do emotions help or hurt decision making? A hedgefoxian perspective. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Volokh, E. (2003). The mechanisms of the slippery slope. Harvard Law Review, 116(4), 10261137.Google Scholar
von Neumann, J., & Morgenstern, O. (1953 [1944]). Theory of games and economic behavior (3rd ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
von Wright, G. H. (1963). The logic of preference. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Walasek, L., & Stewart, N. (2015). How to make loss aversion disappear and reverse: Tests of the decision by sampling origin of loss aversion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(1), 711.Google Scholar
Walton, D. (1992). Slippery slope arguments. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Wansink, B., & Hanks, A. S. (2013). Slim by design: Serving healthy foods first in buffet lines improves overall meal selection. PloS One, 8(10), e77055.Google Scholar
Ware, W. B. (2012). Humor, hope, and vocational grief in a nursing sample. Virginia Beach, VA: Regent University.Google Scholar
Wason, P. C. (1966). Reasoning. In Foss, B. M. (Ed.), New horizons in psychology. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 135151.Google Scholar
Weintraub, E. R. (2002). How economics became a mathematical science. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Welsh, M. B., & Navarro, D. J. (2012). Seeing is believing: Priors, trust, and base rate neglect. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 119(1), 114.Google Scholar
Wertenbroch, K. (1998). Consumption self-control by rationing purchase quantities of virtues and vice. Marketing Science, 17(4), 317337.Google Scholar
Whitman, D. G. (2006). Against the new paternalism: Internalities and the economics of self-control. Policy Analysis, 563, 116.Google Scholar
Whitman, D. G., & Rizzo, M. J. (2006). Paternalist slopes. NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, 2, 411443.Google Scholar
Whitman, D. G., & Rizzo, M. J. (2015). The problematic welfare standards of behavioral paternalism. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 6(3), 409425.Google Scholar
Wicksteed, P. H. (1967). The common sense of political economy, Vol. 1. New York: Augustus M. Kelly. (Original work published 1910)Google Scholar
Wilson, T. D., & Gilbert, D. T. (2013).The impact bias is alive and well. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(5), 740748.Google Scholar
Winkielman, P., & Trujillo, J. L. (2007). Emotional influence on decision and behavior: Stimuli, states and subjectivity. In Vohs, K. D., Baumeister, R. F., & Loewenstein, G. (Eds.), Do emotions help or hurt decision making? A hedgefoxian perspective, 6992. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Winman, A., & Juslin, P. (2006). I am m/n confident that I am correct. In Fiedler, K. & Juslin, P. (Eds.), Information sampling and adaptive cognition, 409439. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Winman, A., Hansson, P., & Juslin, P. (2004). Subjective probability intervals: How to reduce overconfidence by interval evaluation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30(6), 11671175.Google Scholar
Wiseman, A. E., & Ellig, J. (2007). The politics of wine: Trade barriers, interest groups, and the Commerce Clause. Journal of Politics, 69(3), 859875.Google Scholar
Wolfe, E. (2004). Medicare redefines obesity as an illness. Associated Press, July 16. Retrieved from http://investorshub.advfn.com/Boards/read_msg.aspx?message_id=3575814Google Scholar
Wong, S. (2006). Foundations of Paul Samuelson’s revealed preference theory: A study by the method of rational reconstruction. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Wunderlich, K., Smittenaar, P., & Dolan, R. J. (2012). Dopamine enhances model-based over model-free choice behavior. Neuron, 75(3), 418424.Google Scholar
Yandle, B. (1983). Bootleggers and Baptists: The education of a regulatory economist. Regulation, 7, 12.Google Scholar
Yandle, B. (1999). Bootleggers and Baptists in retrospect. Regulation, 22, 57.Google Scholar
Yaniv, I., & Foster, D. P. (1995). Graininess of judgment under uncertainty: An accuracy-informativeness trade-off. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 124(4), 424432.Google Scholar
Yaniv, I., & Foster, D. P. (1997). Precision and accuracy of judgmental estimation. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 10(1), 2132.Google Scholar
Zamir, E. (2014). Law, psychology, and morality: The role of loss aversion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Zauberman, G., Kim, B. K., Malkoc, S. A., & Bettman, J. R. (2009). Discounting time and time discounting: Subjective time perception and intertemporal preferences. Journal of Marketing Research, 46(4), 543556.Google Scholar
Zhang, Y., & Fishbach, A. (2010). Counteracting obstacles with optimistic predictions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139(1), 1631.Google Scholar
Zhu, S. H., Zhuang, Y. L., Wong, S., Cummins, S. E., & Tedeschi, G. J. (2017). E-cigarette use and associated changes in population smoking cessation: Evidence from US current population surveys. BMJ, 358, j3262. www.bmj.com/content/358/bmj.j3262Google Scholar
Zuwerink, J. R., & Devine, P. G. (1996). Attitude importance and resistance to persuasion: It’s not just the thought that counts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(5), 931944.Google Scholar
Zywicki, T. J. (2018). The behavioral economics of behavioral law and economics. Review of Behavioral Economics, 5(34), 439471.Google Scholar