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Section 1 - Pediatric MS Diagnosis

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 April 2011

Dorothée Chabas
Affiliation:
University of California, San Francisco
Emmanuelle L. Waubant
Affiliation:
University of California, San Francisco
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Summary

Pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS), once considered a rare childhood illness, has been increasingly recognized as a disabling acquired pediatric neurological disease requiring early recognition and intervention. Males get affected with before puberty while females are more often hit around or after puberty. Race, ethnicity, and ancestry may also influence disease susceptibility and course differently. Epidemiological data clearly indicate that adult MS is a geographically related disease, with disease rates rising with an increased distance from the equator in both northern and southern hemispheres. A few candidates have been identified as associated with pediatric MS in a few epidemiological studies (neurotropic viruses, Chlamydia pneumonia, passive smoking). Seroepidemiologic and pathologic evidences have strongly suggested that prior infection with members of the Herpesviridae family may be associated with the development of MS in adulthood. The most studied member of the Herpesviridae family in MS patients has been Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

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  • Pediatric MS Diagnosis
  • Edited by Dorothée Chabas, University of California, San Francisco, Emmanuelle L. Waubant, University of California, San Francisco
  • Book: Demyelinating Disorders of the Central Nervous System in Childhood
  • Online publication: 11 April 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511974373.004
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  • Pediatric MS Diagnosis
  • Edited by Dorothée Chabas, University of California, San Francisco, Emmanuelle L. Waubant, University of California, San Francisco
  • Book: Demyelinating Disorders of the Central Nervous System in Childhood
  • Online publication: 11 April 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511974373.004
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Pediatric MS Diagnosis
  • Edited by Dorothée Chabas, University of California, San Francisco, Emmanuelle L. Waubant, University of California, San Francisco
  • Book: Demyelinating Disorders of the Central Nervous System in Childhood
  • Online publication: 11 April 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511974373.004
Available formats
×