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2 - The Evolution of Tutelle

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 October 2023

Bernard Moitt
Affiliation:
Virginia Commonwealth University
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Summary

To describe the transition from slavery to freedom, Chapter 2 centers on the evolution and development of tutelle and its relationship to other forms of servility in nineteenth-century Senegal. It begins with an exploration of slavery in highly stratified Wolof society, and the use of slaves in urban Senegal where domestic labor was pervasive before 1848. Some slaves became part of French naval operations manning garrisons. Others worked as domestics, stevedores, and boat hands. Still others worked as helpers in the construction industry. Slaves were artisans and laptots (sailors). Enslaved minors, mostly female, were largely confined to domestic tasks in urban households headed by signares and others. The chapter traces the roots of engagement à temps – a form of indentured labor to which a significant number of women and children were subjected under the same conditions in Saint-Louis. It deals with the process of redemption from slavery through rachat (ransom), and highlights judicial cases and rulings which demonstrate how the process was abused. The chapter ends with the 1849 decree under which Governor Baudin created guardianship councils for boys and girls in Saint-Louis and Gorée simultaneously.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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  • The Evolution of Tutelle
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.005
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  • The Evolution of Tutelle
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.005
Available formats
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To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • The Evolution of Tutelle
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.005
Available formats
×