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6 - The Crisis of 1903 and 1904

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 October 2023

Bernard Moitt
Affiliation:
Virginia Commonwealth University
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Summary

Chapter 6 deals with twentieth-century legislation of tutelle in response to earlier legislative failures, revelations about the lack of supervision, abuse of minors, and the disregard for French laws governing slavery and slave trading, all of which led to the crisis of 1903 and 1904.. It begins with the central legislative question in 1903 which revolved around contravention of the 1831 law which prohibited the purchase or selling of slaves. The question was whether the law applied to slave trading in Africa. Were French citizens engaging in outright slave trading or doing so under the guise of rachat? Revelations and judgments rendered in court cases at the time led to state intervention that gave rise to calls for censuses of liberated minors and rigorous accountability of guardianship. The chapter analyzes prominent cases of slave trading and their ramifications. It explores Governor Guy’s Act of 1903, which attempted to regulate guardianship effectively following his complaint that the redemption of minors was a subterfuge for slavery. The chapter offers an assessment of the clashes between leading French officials and ends with the replacement of the Procureur Général by the Secretaire Général as the primary administrator of guardianship.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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  • The Crisis of 1903 and 1904
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.009
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  • The Crisis of 1903 and 1904
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.009
Available formats
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  • The Crisis of 1903 and 1904
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.009
Available formats
×