Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-jb2ch Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-03-01T12:14:56.288Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Part i - The Politics of Ethnicity, Nationhood, and Belonging in the Settings of Classical Civilizations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 October 2023

Cathie Carmichael
University of East Anglia
Matthew D'Auria
University of East Anglia
Aviel Roshwald
Georgetown University, Washington DC
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Further Reading

Boardman, John, Edwards, I. E. S., Sollberger, E., and Hammond, N. G. L. (eds.), The Cambridge Ancient History, vols. i–iii (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1970–1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gat, Azar, Nations: The Long History and Deep Roots of Political Ethnicity and Nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Grosby, Steven, Biblical Ideas of Nationality: Ancient and Modern (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2002).Google Scholar
Machinist, Peter, “Assyrians on Assyria in the First Millennium bc,” in Raaflaub, Kurt (ed.), Anfänge politischen Denkens in der Antike: Die nahöstlichen Kulturen und die Griechen (Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1993), 77104.Google Scholar
Parpola, Sami, “National and Ethnic Identity in the Neo-Assyrian Empire and Assyrian Identity in Post-Empire Times,” Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, 18/2 (2004), 522.Google Scholar
Sasson, Jack (ed.), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East (New York: Scribner, 1995).Google Scholar
Smith, Anthony D., The Antiquity of Nations (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2004).Google Scholar
Snell, Daniel (ed.), A Companion to the Ancient Near East, 2nd edition (Malden, MA: Wiley, 2019).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Cornell, T. J., The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars, c.1000–263 bc (London: Routledge, 1995).Google Scholar
Goodblatt, David, Elements of Ancient Jewish Nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gruen, E. S., Rethinking the Other in Antiquity (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011).Google Scholar
Hall, Edith, Inventing the Barbarian (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Hall, J. M., Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, J. M., Hellenicity: Between Ethnicity and Culture (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
Malkin, Irad, Ancient Perceptions of Greek Ethnicity (Washington, DC: Harvard University Press, 2001).Google Scholar
Mendels, Doron, The Rise and Fall of Jewish Nationalism: Christian and Jewish Ethnicity in Ancient Palestine (New York: Doubleday, 1992).Google Scholar
Salmon, E. T., The Making of Roman Italy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982).Google Scholar
Schwartz, Seth, The Ancient Jews from Alexander to Mohammad (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwartz, Seth, “Were the Ancient Jews a Nation?”, in Greenspahn, F. E., Early Judaism: New Insights and Scholarship (New York: New York University Press, 2018), 7196.Google Scholar
Sherwin-White, A. N. The Roman Citizenship, 2nd edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Borchardt, Frank L., German Antiquity in Renaissance Myth (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971).Google Scholar
Brühl, Carlrichard, Deutschland – Frankreich: Die Geburt zweier Völker (Cologne: Böhlau, 1990).Google Scholar
Ehlers, Joachim (ed.), Ansätze und Diskontinuität deutscher Nationsbildung im Mittelalter (Sigmaringen: Thorbecke, 1989).Google Scholar
Ehlers, Joachim, Die Entstehung des deutschen Reiches (Munich: Oldenbourg, 1994).Google Scholar
Hirschi, Caspar, The Origins of Nationalism: An Alternative History from Ancient Rome to Early Modern Germany (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Kneupper, Frances Courtney, The Empire at the End of Time: Identity and Reform in Late Medieval German Prophecy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scales, Len, “Late Medieval Germany: An Under-Stated Nation?” in Scales, Len and Zimmer, Oliver (eds.), Power and the Nation in European History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 166191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scales, Len, The Shaping of German Identity: Authority and Crisis, 1245–1414 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Whaley, Joachim, Germany and the Holy Roman Empire, vol. i: From Maximilian I to the Peace of Westphalia 1493–1648 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Wilson, Peter, The Holy Roman Empire: A Thousand Years of Europe’s History (London: Allen Lane, 2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

Chittick, Andrew, The Jiankang Empire in Chinese and World History: Ethnic Identity and Political Culture (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Di Cosmo, Nicola, Ancient China and its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Di Cosmo, Nicola, “Ethnography of the Nomads and ‘Barbarian’ History in Han China,” in Foxhall, Lin, Gehrke, Hans-Joachim, and Luraghi, Nino (eds.), Intentional History: Spinning Time in Ancient Greece (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2010), 299325.Google Scholar
Goldin, Paul R., “Steppe Nomads as a Philosophical Problem in Classical China,” in Sabloff, Paula L. W. (ed.), Mapping Mongolia: Situating Mongolia in the World from Geologic Time to the Present (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2011), 220246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wai-yee, Li, “Anecdotal Barbarians in Early China,” in van Els, Paul and Queen, Sarah (eds.), Between Philosophy and History: Rhetorical Uses of Anecdotes in Early China (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2017), 113144.Google Scholar
Pines, Yuri, “Beasts or Humans: Pre-Imperial Origins of Sino-Barbarian Dichotomy,” in Amitai, Reuven and Biran, Michal (eds.), Mongols, Turks and Others (Leiden: Brill, 2005), 59102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pines, Yuri, “Chu Identity as Seen from its Manuscripts: A Reevaluation,” Journal of Chinese History, 2/1 (2018), 126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Poo, Mu-chou, Enemies of Civilization: Attitudes toward Foreigners in Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shelach, Gideon, and Pines, Yuri, “Secondary State Formation and the Development of Local Identity: Change and Continuity in the State of Qin (770–221 BC),” in Stark, Miriam T. (ed.), Archaeology of Asia (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006), 202230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tackett, Nicolas, The Origins of the Chinese Nation: Song China and the Forging of an East Asian World Order (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Shao-yun, The Way of the Barbarians: Redrawing Ethnic Boundaries in Tang and Song China (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2019).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Andaya, Leonard, Leaves of the Same Tree: Trade and Ethnicity in the Straits of Melaka (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charney, Michael W., Powerful Learning: Buddhist Literati and the Throne in Burma’s Last Dynasty, 1752–1885 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, 2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoogervorst, Tom Gunnar, “Ethnicity and Aquatic Lifestyles: Exploring Southeast Asia’s Past and Present Seascapes,” Water History, 4/3 (2012), 245265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keyes, Charles, “Presidential Address: ‘The Peoples of Asia’ – Science and Politics in the Classification of the Peoples of Southeast Asia,” Journal of Asian Studies, 61/4 (2002), 11631203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lieberman, Victor B., Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, vol. i: Integration on the Mainland: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, Studies in Comparative World History Series (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).Google Scholar
Lieberman, Victor B., Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, vol. ii: Mainland Mirrors: Europe, Japan, China, South Asia, and the Islands, Studies in Comparative World History Series (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).Google Scholar
Scott, James C., The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia, Yale Agrarian Studies Series (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).Google Scholar
Wolters, Oliver, Culture and Region in Southeast Asian Perspectives, new edition (Ithaca: Cornell SEAP Publications, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

Alam, Muzaffar, and Subrahmanyam, Sanjay (eds.), The Mughal State, 1526–1750 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
Asher, Catherine, and Talbot, Cynthia, India before Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Hanlon, Rosalind, and Washbrook, David (eds.), Religious Cultures in Early Modern India: New Perspectives (London: Routledge, 2011).Google Scholar
Pollock, Sheldon (ed.), Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ramaswamy, Vijaya (ed.), Women and Work in Precolonial India: A Reader (New Delhi: Sage, 2016).Google Scholar
Rawat, Ramnarayan S., and Satyanarayana, K., Dalit Studies (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roy, Tirthankar, An Economic History of Early Modern India (New York: Routledge, 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shulman, David (ed.), Syllables of Sky: Studies in South Indian Civilization in Honour of Velcheru Narayana Rao (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995).Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats