Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-ms7nj Total loading time: 2.714 Render date: 2022-08-14T07:36:14.993Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Part IV - Technology in Leadership and Teams

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 February 2019

Richard N. Landers
Affiliation:
University of Minnesota
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Allen, T., Cho, E., & Meier, L. L. (2014). Work–family boundary dynamics. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 1(1), 99121. https://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-031413–091330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, T. D., Golden, T. D., & Shockley, K. M. (2015). How effective is telecommuting? Assessing the status of our scientific findings. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 16(2), 4068. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1529100615593273.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Allen, T. D., Johnson, R. C., Kiburz, K. M., & Shockley, K. M. (2013). Work-family conflict and flexible work arrangements: Deconstructing flexibility. Personnel Psychology, 66(2), 345376. doi:10.1111/peps.12012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Antonakis, J. & Atwater, L. (2002). Leader distance: A review and a proposed theory. The Leadership Quarterly, 13, 673704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Antonakis, J. & Jacquart, P. (2013). The far side of leadership: Rather difficult to face. In Bligh, M. C. & Riggio, R. E. (Eds.), Exploring distance in leader-follower relationships (pp. 155187). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Arnold, J. A., Arad, S., Rhoades, J. A., & Drasgow, F. (2000). The empowering leadership questionnaire: The construction and validation of a new scale for measuring leader behaviors. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21(3), 249269.3.0.CO;2-#>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Avolio, B. J., Kahai, S., & Dodge, G. E. (2001). E-leadership: Implications for theory, research, and practice. The Leadership Quarterly, 11(4), 615668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Avolio, B. J. & Kahai, S. S. (2003). Adding the “E” to E-leadership: How it may impact your leadership. Organizational Dynamics, 31(4), 325338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Avolio, B. J., Sosik, J. J., Kahai, S. S., & Baker, B. (2014). E-leadership: Re-examining transformations in leadership source and transmission. The Leadership Quarterly, 25, 105131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bal, P. M., De Jong, S. B., Jansen, P. G. W., & Bakker, A. (2012). Motivating employees to work beyond retirement: A multi-level study of the role of i-deals and unit climate. Journal of Management Studies, 49(2), 306331. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467–6486.2011.01026.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
Beehr, T. A. & Bennett, M. M. (2014). Working after retirement: Features of bridge employment and research directions. Work, Aging, and Retirement, 112128. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/workar/wau007.CrossRef
Bell, B. S. & Kozlowski, S. J. (2002). A typology of virtual teams: Implications for effective leadership. Group & Organization Management, 27, 1449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blackburn, R., Furst, S., & Rosen, B. (2003). Building a winning virtual team: KSAs, training, and evaluation. In Gibson, C. B. & Cohen, S. G. (Eds.), Virtual teams that work (pp. 95120). San Fransisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Bligh, M. C. & Riggio, R. E. (2013). Introduction: When near is far and far is near. In Bligh, M. C. & Riggio, R. E. (Eds.), Exploring distance in leader-follower relationships (pp. 19). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Bonet, R. & Salvador, F. (2017). When the boss is away: Manager-worker separation and worker performance in a multisite software maintenance organization. Organization Science, 28(2), 244261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bogardus, E. S. (1927). Leadership and social distance. Sociology and Social Research, 12, 173178.Google Scholar
Boring, N. (2017). France: Right to disconnect takes effect. United States Library of Congress: Global Legal Monitor. Retrieved from www.loc.gov/law/foreign-news/article/france-right-to-disconnect-takes-effect/.
Burke, C. S., Stagl, K.C., Klein, C., Goodwin, G.F., Salas, E., & Halpin, S.M. (2006). What type of leadership behaviors are functional in teams? A meta-analysis. The Leadership Quarterly, 17, 288307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York, NY: Free Press.Google Scholar
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017). Labor force statistics from the Current Population Survey. Retrieved from www.bls.gov/cps/demographics.htm.
Butts, M., Becker, W., & Boswell, W. (2015). Hot buttons and time sinks : The effects of electronic communication during nonwork time on emotions and work–nonwork conflict. Academy of Management Journal, 56(3), 763788. https://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2014.0170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carte, T. A., Chidambaram, L., & Becker, A. (2006). Emergent leadership in self-managed virtual teams: A longitudinal study of concentrated and shared leadership behaviors. Group Decision and Negotiation, 15, 323343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carter, D. R., Seely, P. W., Dagosta, J., DeChurch, L. A., & Zaccaro, S. J. (2015). Leadership for global virtual teams: Facilitating teamwork processes. In Wildman, J. L., Griffith, R. L. (Eds.), Leading global teams: Translating multidisciplinary science to practice (pp. 225252). New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
Cascio, W. F. & Montealegre, R. (2016). How technology is changing work and organizations. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 3(1), 349375. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-041015–062352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Center for Creative Leadership. (2007). What’s next? The 2007 changing nature of leadership survey. Retrieved from www.ccl.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/WhatsNext.pdf.
Chen, C. C., Wu, J., Yang, S. C., & Tsou, H. Y. (2008). Importance of diversified leadership roles in improving team effectiveness in a virtual collaboration learning environment. Educational Technology & Society, 11(1), 304321.Google Scholar
Cogliser, C. C., Gardner, W. L., Gavin, M. B., & Broberg, J. C. (2012). Big five personality factors and leader emergence in virtual teams relationships with team trustworthiness, member performance contributions, and team performance. Group & Organization Management, 37, 752784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cole, M. S., Bruch, H., & Shamir, B. (2009). Social distance as a moderator of transformational leadership effects: Both a neutralizer and an enhancer. Human Relations, 62, 16971733.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colquitt, J. A., Hollenbeck, J. R., Ilgen, D. R., LePine, J. A., & Sheppard, L. (2002). Computer-assisted communication and team decision-making performance: The moderating effect of openness to experience. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(2), 402410.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cordery, J. L. & Soo, C. (2008). Overcoming impediments to virtual team effectiveness. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, 18(5), 487500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Daft, R. L. & Lengel, R. H. (1984). Information richness: A new approach to managerial behavior and organization design. In Cummings, L. L. & Staw, B. M. (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (vol. 6, pp. 191233). Homewood, IL: JAI Press.Google Scholar
Day, D. (2012). Leadership. In Kozlowski, S. W. J. (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology (pp. 696729). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Deahl, D. (2017). Todoist’s Slack competitor is for people who hate constant notifications. Retrieved from www.theverge.com/2017/6/21/15848640/twist-communications-app-doist-slack-competitor
Dennis, A. R., Fuller, R. M., & Valacich, J. S. (2008). Media, tasks, and communication processes: A theory of media synchronicity. MIS Quarterly, 32(3), 575600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dienesch, R. M. & Liden, R. C. (1986). Leader-member exchange model of leadership: A critique and further development. Academy of Management Review, 11, 618634.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dulebohn, J. H., Bommer, W. H., Liden, R. C., Brouer, R. L., & Ferris, G. R. (2012). A meta-analysis of antecedents and consequences of leader-member exchange: Integrating the past with an eye toward the future. Journal of Management, 38(6), 17151759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dulebohn, J. H. & Hoch, J. E. (2017). Virtual teams in organizations. Human Resource Management Review, 27(4), 678693. doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2016.12.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eisenberg, J., Gibbs, J., & Erhardt, N. (2016). The role of vertical and shared leadership in virtual team collaboration. In Graham, C. (Ed.), Strategic management and leadership for systems development in virtual spaces (pp. 2242). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2005). Work at home/telework as a reasonable accommodation. Retrieved from www.eeoc.gov/facts/telework.html.
Fleishman, E. A., Mumford, M. D., Zaccaro, S. J., Levin, K. Y., Korotkin, A. L., & Hein, M. B. (1991). Taxonomic efforts in the description of leader behavior: A synthesis and functional interpretation. The Leadership Quarterly, 2, 245287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Furst, S. A., Reeves, M., Rosen, B., & Blackburn, R. S. (2004). Managing the life cycle of virtual teams. Academy of Management Executive, 18(2), 620.Google Scholar
Gajendran, R. S. & Harrison, D. A. (2007). The good, the bad, and the unknown about telecommuting: Meta-analysis of psychological mediators and individual consequences. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(6), 15241541. https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021–9010.92.6.1524.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gajendran, R. S. & Joshi, A. (2012). Innovation in globally distributed teams: The role of LMX, communication frequency, and member influence on team decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(6), 1252.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gibbs, J. L., Sivunen, A., & Boyraz, M. (2017). Investigating the impacts of team type and design on virtual team processes. Human Resource Management Review, 27(4), 590603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2016.12.006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, C. B. & Gibbs, J. L. (2006). Unpacking the concept of virtuality: The effects of geographic dispersion, electronic dependence, dynamic structure, and national diversity on team innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51, 451495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, C. B., Huang, L., Kirkman, B. L., & Shapiro, D. L. (2014). Where global and virtual meet: The value of examining the intersection of these elements in twenty-first-century teams. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 1(1), 217244. https://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-031413–091240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilson, L. L., Maynard, M. T., Young, N. C. J., Vartiainen, M., & Hakonen, M. (2015). Virtual teams research: 10 years, 10 themes, and 10 opportunities. Journal of Management, 41(5), 1313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golden, T. D. (2006). The role of relationships in understanding telecommuter satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27, 319340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golden, T. D. & Veiga, J. F. (2008). The impact of superior-subordinate relationships on the commitment, job satisfaction, and performance of virtual workers. The Leadership Quarterly, 19, 7788.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graen, G. B. & Uhl-Bien, M. (1995). Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership over 25 years: Apply a multi-level multi-domain perspective. The Leadership Quarterly, 6, 219247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hambley, L. A., O’Neill, T. A., & Kline, T. J. B. (2007). Virtual team leadership: The effects of leadership style and communication medium on team interaction styles and outcomes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103, 120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hardin, A. M., Fuller, M. A., & Davison, R. M. (2007). I know I can, but can we? Culture and efficacy beliefs in global virtual teams. Small Group Research, 38(1), 130155. https://doi.org/10.1177/1046496406297041.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hesseldahl, A. (2016). Three million people now use Slack every day. Retrieved from www.recode.net/2016/5/25/11772938/slack-usage-numbers-scale.
Hill, N. S. (2005). Leading together, working together: The role of team shared leadership in building collaborative capital in virtual teams. In Beyerlein, M., Beyerlein, S., & Kennedy, F. (Eds.), Collaborative capital: Advances in interdisciplinary studies of work teams (vol. 11, pp. 183209). New York, NY: Elsevier JAI.Google Scholar
Hill, N. S. & Bartol, K. M. (2016). Empowering leadership and effective collaboration in geographically dispersed teams. Personnel Psychology, 69(1), 159198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hill, N. S., Kang, J. H., & Seo, M-G. (2014). The interactive effect of leader-member exchange and electronic communication on employee psychological empowerment and work outcomes. The Leadership Quarterly, 25, 772783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. & Dulebohn, J. H. (2013). Shared leadership in enterprise resource planning and human resource management system implementation. Human Resource Management Review, 23(1), 114125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. & Dulebohn, J. H. (2017). Team personality composition, emergent leadership and shared leadership in virtual teams: A theoretical framework. Human Resource Management Review, 27, 678693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2014). Leading virtual teams: Hierarchical leadership, structural supports, and shared team leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 390403.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Howell, J. M. & Hall-Merenda, K. E. (1999). The ties that bind: The impact of leader-member exchange, transformational and transactional leadership, and distance on predicting follower performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(5), 680694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howell, J. M., Neufeld, D. J., & Avolio, B. J. (2005). Examining the relationship of leadership and physical distance with business unit performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 273285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoyt, C. L. & Blascovich, J. (2003). Transformational and transactional leadership in virtual and physical environments. Small Group Research, 34, 678715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huang, R., Kahai, S., & Jestice, R. (2010). The contingent effects of leadership on team collaboration in virtual teams. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 10981110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joshi, A., Lazarova, M. B., & Liao, H. (2009). Getting everyone on board: The role of inspirational leadership in geographically dispersed teams. Organization Science, 20, 240252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Judge, T. A. & Piccolo, R. F. (2004). Transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(5), 755768.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kacmar, K. M., Witt, L. A., Zivnuska, S., & Gully, S. M. (2003). The interactive effect of leader-member exchange and communication frequency on performance ratings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(4), 764772.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kahai, S. S. (2013). Leading in a digital age: What’s different, issues raised, and what we know. In Bligh, M. C. & Riggio, R. E. (Eds.), Exploring distance in leader-follower relationships (pp. 63108). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kahai, S. S., Huang, R., & Jestice, R. J. (2012). Interaction effect of leadership and communication media on feedback positivity in virtual teams. Group & Organization Management, 37, 716751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kahai, S. S., Sosik, J. J., & Avolio, B. J. (2003). Effects of leadership style, anonymity, and rewards on creativity-relevant processes and outcomes in an electronic meeting system context. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(4–5), 499524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kahai, S. S., Sosik, J. J., & Avolio, B. J. (2004). Effects of participative and directive leadership in electronic groups. Group & Organization Management, 29, 67105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katz, D. & Kahn, R. L. (1978). The social psychology of organizations. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
Kelley, E. & Kelloway, E. K. (2012). Context matters: Testing a model of remote leadership. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 19 (4), 437449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kiesler, S. & Cummings, J. N. (2002). What do we know about proximity and distance in work groups? A legacy of research. In Hinds, P. J. & Kiesler, S. (Eds.), Distributed work (pp. 5780). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
Kerr, S. & Jermier, J. M. (1978). Substitutes for leadership: Their meaning and measurement. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 22, 375403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirkman, B. L., Gibson, C. B., & Kim, K. (2012). Across borders and technologies: Advancements in virtual team research. In Kozlowski, S. W. J. (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of organizational psychology (pp. 789859). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kirkman, B. L. & Mathieu, J. E. (2005). The dimensions and antecedents of team virtuality. Journal of Management, 31(5), 700718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirkman, B. L., Rosen, B., Tesluk, P. E., & Gibson, C. B. (2004). The impact of team empowerment on virtual team performance: The moderating role of face-to-face interaction. Academy of Management Journal, 47(2), 175192.Google Scholar
Kossek, E. & Lautsch, B. A. (2012). Work-family boundary management styles in organizations: A cross-level model. Organizational Psychology Review, 2(2), 152171. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2041386611436264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kossek, E. E. & Michel, J. S. (2011). Flexible work schedules. In Zedeck, S. (Ed.), APA handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (vol. 1, pp. 535572). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. J. & Bell, B. (2013). Work groups and teams in organizations. In Schmitt, D. N. & Highhouse, S. (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology (vol. 2, pp. 412469). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
Lewandowski, J. & Lisk, T. C. (2013). Foundations of distance. In Bligh, M. C. & Riggio, R. E. (Eds.), Exploring distance in Leader-follower relationships (pp. 1338). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Liao, C. (2017). Leadership in virtual teams: A multilevel perspective. Human Resource Management Review, 27(4), 648659. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2016.12.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lipnack, J. & Stamps, J. (2000). Virtual teams: People working across boundaries with technology (2nd edn.). New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
Lord, R. G. (1977). Functional leadership behavior: Measurement and relation to social power and leadership perceptions. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22, 114133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Makarius, E. E. & Larson, B. Z. (2017). Changing the perspective of virtual work: Building virtual intelligence at the individual level. Academy of Management Perspectives, 31(2), 159178. https://doi.org/10.5465/amp.2014.0120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Malhotra, A., Majchrzak, A., & Rosen, B. (2007). Leading virtual teams. Academy of Management Perspectives, 21(1), 6070.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mark, G. (2015). Multitasking in the digital age. Synthesis Lectures On Human-Centered Informatics, 8(3), 1113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mark, G., Gonzalez, V. M., & Harris, J. (2005). No task left behind? Examining the nature of fragmented work. In CHI 2005: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1054972.1055017.CrossRef
Mark, G., Gudith, D., & Klocke, U. (2008). The cost of interrupted work: More speed and stress. In CHI 2008: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1357054.1357072.CrossRef
Mark, G., Iqbal, S., Czerwinski, M., & Johns, P. (2015). Focused, aroused, but so distractible: A temporal perspective on multitasking and communications. In CSCW 2015: Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2675133.2675221.CrossRef
Martins, L. L., Gilson, L. L., & Maynard, M. T. (2004). Virtual teams: What do we know and where do we go from here? Journal of Management, 30(6), 805835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGrath, J. E. (1962). Leadership behavior: Some requirements for leadership training.[Mimeographed]. Washington, DC: U.S. Civil Service Commission.Google Scholar
Merriman, K. K., Schmidt, S. M., & Dunlap-Hinkler, D. (2007). Profiling virtual employees: The impact of managing virtually. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 14(1), 615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morgeson, F. P., DeRue, D. S., & Karam, E. P. (2010). Leadership in teams: A functional approach to understanding leadership structures and processes. Journal of Management, 36(1), 539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Muethel, M., Gehrlein, S., & Hoegl, M. (2012). Socio-demographic factors and shared leadership behaviors in dispersed team: Implications for human resource management. Human Resource Management, 51, 525548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Napier, B. J. & Ferris, G. R. (1993). Distance in organizations. Human Resource Management Review, 3 (4), 321357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neufeld, D. J., Wan, Z., & Fang, Y. (2010). Remote leadership, communication effectiveness, and leader performance. Group Decision and Negotiation, 19, 227246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Newport, C. (2016). Deep work: Rules for focused success in a distracted world. New York, NY: Grand Central.Google Scholar
Ocker, R. J., Huang, H., Benbunan-Fich, R., & Hiltz, S. R. (2011). Leadership dynamics in partially distributed teams: An exploratory study of the effects of configuration and distance. Group Decision Negotiation, 20, 273292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Leary, M. B. & Cummings, J. N. (2007). The spatial, temporal, and configurational characteristics of geographic dispersion in teams. MIS Quarterly, 31(3), 433452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Leary, M. B. & Mortensen, M. (2010). Go (con)figure: Subgroups, imbalance, and isolates in geographically dispersed teams. Organization Science, 21(1), 115131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Leary, M. B., Woolley, A. W., & Mortenson, M. (2012). Multiteam membership in relation to multiteam systems. In Zaccaro, S. J., Marks, M. A., & DeChurch, L. (Eds.), Multiteam systems: An organization form for dynamic and complex environments (pp. 141172). New York, NY: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203814772.Google Scholar
O’Neill, T. A., Hambley, L. A., & Chatellier, G. S. (2014). Cyberslacking, engagement, and personality in distributed work environments. Computers in Human Behavior, 40, 152160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ollier-Malaterre, A. & Foucreault, A. (2016). Cross-national work-life research: Cultural and structural impacts for individuals and organizations. Journal of Management, 20(10), 126. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0149206316655873.Google Scholar
Pearce, C. L. & Conger, J. A. (2003). Shared leadership: Reframing the hows and whys of leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Pearce, C. L. & Sims, H. P., Jr. (2002). Vertical versus shared leadership as predictors of the effectiveness of change management teams: An examination of aversive, directive, transactional, transformational, and empowering leader behaviors. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6, 172197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pearce, C. L., Yoo, Y., & Alavi, M. (2004). Leadership, social work, and virtual teams: The relative influence of vertical versus shared leadership in the nonprofit sector. In Riggio, R. E. & Orr, S. S. (Eds.), Improving leadership in nonprofit organizations. (pp. 180203). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Piszczek, M. M. & Berg, P. (2014). Expanding the boundaries of boundary theory. Human Relations, 67(12), 14911512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., & Bommer, W. H. (1996). Meta-analysis of the relationships between Kerr and Jermier’s substitutes for leadership and employee job attitudes, role perceptions, and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81 (4), 380399.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Polzer, J. T., Crisp, C. B., Jarvenpaa, S. L., & Kim, J. W. (2006). Extending the faultline model to geographically dispersed teams: How colocated subgroups can impair group functioning. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 679692. doi:10.5465/AMJ.2006.22083024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Purvanova, R. K. & Bono, J. E. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 343357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruggieri, S. (2009). Leadership in virtual teams: A comparison of transformational and transactional leaders. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 37, 10171021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salas, E. Dickinson, T. L., Converse, S. A., & Tannenbaum, S. I. (1992). Toward an understanding of team performance and training. In Swezey, R. W. & Salas, E. (Eds.), Teams: Their training and performance (pp. 329). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
Schneider, C. E. & Goktepe, J. R. (1983). Issues in emergent leadership: The contingency model of leadership, leader sex, leader behavior. In Blumberg, H. H., Hare, A. P., Kent, V., & Davies, M. F. (Eds.), Small groups and social interaction (pp. 413421). Chicester, England: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Schulze, J. & Krumm, S. (2017). The “virtual team player”: A review and initial model of knowledge, skills, and abilities and other characteristics for virtual collaboration. Organizational Psychology Review, 7(1), 6695. https://doi.org/10.1177/2041386616675522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shamir, B. (1995). Social distance and charisma: Theoretical notes and an exploratory study. The Leadership Quarterly, 6 (1), 1947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shamir, B. (2013). Notes on distance and leadership. In Bligh, M. C. & Riggio, R. E. (Eds.), Exploring distance in Leader-follower relationships (pp. 3960). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Society for Human Resource Management. (2012). Virtual teams. Retrieved from www.shrm.org/research/surveyfindings/ articles/pages/virtualteams.aspx.
Society for Human Resource Management. (2016a). 2016 employee benefits: Looking back at 20 years of employee benefits offerings in the U.S. Retrieved from www.shrm.org/hr-today/trends-and-forecasting/research-and-surveys/pages/2016-employee-benefits.aspx.
Society for Human Resource Management. (2016b). SHRM survey findings: 2016 strategic benefits – Flexible work arrangements. Retrieved from www.shrm.org/hr-today/trends-and-forecasting/research-and-surveys/Documents/SHRM-Survey-Findings-Strategic-Benefits-Flexible-Work-Arrangements.pdf.
Sosik, J. J. (1997). Effects of transformational leadership and anonymity on idea generation in computer-mediated groups. Group & Organization Management, 22(4), 460487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sosik, J. J., Avolio, B. J., & Kahai, S. S. (1997). Effects of leadership style and anonymity on group potency and effectiveness in a group decision support system environment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(1), 89103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, D. M. & Bostrom, R. P. (2010a). Team leader strategies for enabling collaboration technology adaptation: Team technology knowledge to improve globally distributed systems development work. European Journal of Information Systems, 19, 223237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, D. M. & Bostrom, R. P. (2010b). Vital signs for virtual teams: An empirically developed trigger model for technology adaptation interventions. MIS Quarterly, 34(1), 115142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tyran, K. L., Tyran, C. K., & Shepherd, M. (2003). Exploring leadership in virtual teams. In Gibson, C. B. & Cohen, S. G. (Eds.), Virtual teams that work (pp. 183195). SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Venolia, G., Tang, J., Cervantes, R., Bly, S., Robertson, G., Lee, B., & Inkpen, K. (2010). Embodied social proxy: Mediating interpersonal connection in hub-and-satellite teams. In CHI 2010: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Human factors in Computing Systems. New York: ACM Press. https://doi.org/10.1145/1753326.1753482.CrossRef
WorldatWork. (2013). Survey on workplace flexibility 2013. Retrieved from www.worldatwork.org/adimLink?id=73898.
Austin, J. R. (2003). Transactive memory in organizational groups: The effects of content, consensus, specialization, and accuracy on group performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 866878.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Avolio, B. J. & Kahai, S. S. (2003). Adding the “E” to e-leadership: How it may impact your leadership. Organizational Dynamics, 31, 325338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Avolio, B. J., Kahai, S. S., & Dodge, G. E. (2000). E-leadership: Implications for theory, research, and practice. The Leadership Quarterly, 11, 615670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bateman, T. S. & Crant, J. M. (1993). The proactive component of organizational behavior: A measure and correlates. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 103118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bell, B. S. & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2002). A typology of virtual teams: Implications for effective leadership. Group & Organization Management, 27, 14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, D. J., Cober, R. T., Kane, K., Levy, P. E., & Shalhoop, J. (2006). Proactive personality and the successful job search: A field investigation with college graduates. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 717726CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Carlson, J. R. & George, J. F. (2004). Media appropriateness in the conduct and discovery of deceptive communication: The relative influence of richness and synchronicity. Group Decision and Negotiation, 13, 191210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlson, J. R. & Zmud, R. W. (1999). Channel expansion theory and the experimental nature of media richness perceptions. Academy of Management Journal, 42, 153170.Google Scholar
Clampitt, P. G. & Downs, C. W. (2004). Downs-Hazen communication satisfaction questionnaire. In Downs, C. W. & Adrian, A. D. (Eds.), Assessing organizational communication. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Colquitt, J. A., Wesson, M. J., Porter, C. O. L. H., Conlon, D. E., & Ng, K. Y. (2001). Justice at the millennium: A meta-analytic review of 25 years of organizational justice research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 425445.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Curry, A., Flett, P., & Hollingsworth, I. (2006). Managing information and systems: The business perspective. Routledge.Google Scholar
Daft, R. L. & Lengel, R. H. (1984). Information richness: A new approach to managerial behavior and organizational design. Research in Organizational Behavior. 6:, 191233.Google Scholar
Daft, R. L. & Lengel, R. H. (1986). Organizational information requirements, media richness and structural design. Management Science, 32, 554571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, D. D. & Bryant, J. L. (2003). Influence at a distance: Leadership in global virtual teams. Advances in Global Leadership, 3, 303339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dennis, A. R. & Valacich, J. S. (1999). Rethinking media richness: Towards a theory of media synchronicity. Proc. 32nd Hawaii International Conference System Science, 110.
Dennis, A. R., Fuller, R. M., & Valacich, J. S. (2008). Media, tasks, and communication processes: A theory of media synchronicity. MIS Quarterly, 32, 575600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeSanctis, G., & Monge, P. R. (1998). Communication processes for virtual organizations. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 3(4). https://academic.oup.com/jcmc/article/3/4/JCMC347/4584413.Google Scholar
Downs, C. W. & Adrian, A. D. (2004). Assessing organizational communication. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Dulebohn, J. H. & Martocchio, J. J. (1998). Employee perceptions of the fairness of work group incentive plans. Journal of Management, 24, 469488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dulebohn, J. H. & Hoch, J. E. (2017). Virtual teams in organizations. Human Resource Management Review, 27, 569574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edmondson, A. (1999). Psychological safety and learning behavior in work teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44, 350383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edmondson, A. (2002). The local and variegated nature of learning in organizations: A group-level perspective. Organization Science, 13, 128146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edmondson, A., Bohmer, R. M., & Pisano, G. P. (2001). Disrupted routines: Team learning and new technology implementation in hospitals. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46, 685716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eisenberg, J. & Mattarelli, E. (2016). Building bridges in global virtual teams: The role of multicultural brokers in overcoming the negative effects of identity threats on knowledge sharing across subgroups. Journal of International Management Studies, 23, 399411.Google Scholar
Eisenberg, J., Gibbs, J. L., & Erhardt, N. (2016). The role of vertical and shared leadership in virtual team collaboration. In Graham, C. M. (Ed.), Strategic management and leadership for systems development in virtual spaces. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.Google Scholar
Ellis, A. P. J. (2006). System breakdown: the role of mental models and transactive memory in the relationship between acute stress and team performance. Academy of Management Journal, 49, 576589.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Faraj, S. & Sproull, L. (2000). Coordinating expertise in software development teams. Management Science, 46, 15541568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fleishman, E. A., Mumford, M. D., Zaccaro, S. J., Kevin, K. Y., Korotkin, A. L., & Hein, M. B. (1991). Taxonomic efforts in the description of leader behavior: A synthesis and functional interpretation. The Leadership Quarterly, 2, 245287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
George, J. M. (1990). Personality, affect, and behavior in groups. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 107116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerrig, R. J. & Zimbardo, P. G. (2002). Psychology and life, 16/e. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon; Pearson Education.Google Scholar
Gibbs, J., Eisenberg, J., Rozaidi, N., & Gryaznova, A. (2015). The “Megapozitiv” role of enterprise social media in enabling cross-boundary communication in a distributed Russian organization. American Behavior Scientist, 59, 103123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilleard, J. D. & Rees, D. R. (1998). Alternative workplace strategies in Hong Kong. Facilities, 16 (5/6), 133137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goel, A. (2010). Computer fundamentals. Dehli: Pearson Education India.Google Scholar
Goodhue, D. & Thompson, R. (1995). Task-technology fit and individual-performance. MIS Quart, 19, 213236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grady, J. O. (1995). System engineering planning and enterprise identity. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
Griffith, T. L., Sawyer, J. E., & Neale, M. A. (2003). Virtualness and knowledge in teams: Managing the love triangle of organizations, individuals, and information technology. MIS Quarterly, 27, 265287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hackman, J. R. (1987). The design of work teams. In Lorsch, J. (Ed.), Handbook of organizational behavior (pp. 315342). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Harrison, A., Wheeler, P., & Whitehead, C. (2003). Distributed workplace: Sustainable work environments. London: Spon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hinds, S. & Kiesler, S. (2002). Distributed work. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. (2007). Verteilte Führung in virtuellen Teams: Zum Einfluss struktureller, interaktionaler und teambasierter Führungstechniken auf den Teamerfolg [Distributed leadership in virtual teams]. Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
Hoch, J. E. & Dulebohn, J. H. (2013). Shared leadership in enterprise resource planning and human resource management systems implementation. Human Resource Management Review, 23, 114125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. & Dulebohn, J. H. (2017). Team personality composition, emergent leadership and shared leadership in virtual teams: A theoretical framework. Human Resource Management Review, 27, 678693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2014). Leading virtual teams: Hierarchical leadership, structural supports, and shared team leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 390403.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hogg, M.A., Abrams, D., & Martin, G.N. (2010). Social cognition and attitudes. In Martin, G.N., Carlson, N.R., & Buskist, W. (Eds.), Psychology (pp. 646677). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.Google Scholar
Houghton, J. D. & Neck, C. P. (2002). The revised self-leadership questionnaire: Testing a hierarchical factor structure for self-leadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17, 672–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howell, J. M. & Hall-Merenda, K. (1999). The ties that bind: The impact of leader-member exchange, transformational and transactional leadership, and distance on predicting follower performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 680694.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howell, J. M., Neufeld, D. J., & Avolio, B. J. (2005). Examining the relationship of leadership and physical distance with business unit performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 273285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howell, J. P. & Dorfman, P. W. (1986). Leadership and substitutes for leadership among professional and non-professional workers. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 22, 3946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Judge, T. A. & Piccolo, R. F. (2004). Transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 755768.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kerr, S. (1977). Substitutes for leadership: Some implications for organizational design. Organization and Administrative Sciences, 8, 135146.Google Scholar
Kerr, S. & Jermier, J. M. (1978). Substitutes for leadership: Their meaning and measurement. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 22, 375403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirkman, B. L. & Rosen, B. 1999. Beyond self-management: Antecedents and consequences of team empowerment. Academy of Management Journal, 42, 5874.Google Scholar
Kirkman, B. L., Rosen, B., Gibson, C. B., Tesluk, P. E., & McPherson, S. O. (2002). Five challenges to virtual team distributed work success: Lessons from Sabre. Academy of Management Executive, 16, 6779.Google Scholar
Kirkman, B. L., Rosen, B., Tesluk, P. E., & Gibson, C. B. (2004). The impact of team empowerment on virtual team performance: The moderating role of face-to-face-interaction. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 175192.Google Scholar
Kouzes, J. M. & Posner, B. Z. (2009). To lead, create a shared vision. Harvard Business Review, 87, 2021.Google Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. J. & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. In Borman, W. C., Ilgen, D. R. & Klimoski, R. J. (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 333375). New York, NY: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Lewis, K. (2003). Measuring transactive memory systems in the field: Scale development and validation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 587604.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 803855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manz, C. (1986). Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 11, 585600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manz, C. C. & Neck, C. P. (2004). Mastering self-leadership: Empowering yourself for personal excellence (3rd edn). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Martins, L. L., Gilson, L. L., & Maynard, M. T. (2004). Virtual teams: What do we know and where do we go from here? Journal of Management, 30, 805835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGrath, J. E. (1991). Time, interaction, and performance (TIP). Small Group Research, 22, 128147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mohammed, S. & Dumville, B. C. (2001). Team mental models in a team knowledge framework: Expanding theory and measurement across disciplinary boundaries. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22, 89106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Neck, C. P. & Houghton, J. D. (2006). Two decades of self-leadership theory and research: Past developments, present trends, and future possibilities. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21, 270–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Neill, M. & Wymer, T. D. (2010). The metrics of distributed work: Financial and performance benefits of an emerging work model. Retrieved from www.knoll.com/document/1352940439564/WP_DistributedWork.pdf.
Purvanova, R. K. & Bono, J. E. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 343357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roper, K. O. & Ha Kim, J. (2007). Successful distributed work arrangements: A developmental approach. Journal of Facilities Management, 5(2), 103114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rynes, S. L. & Gerhart, B. (2000). Compensation in organizations: Current research and practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Rynes, S. L., Gerhart, B., & Parks, L. (2005). Personnel psychology: Performance evaluation and pay for performance. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 571600.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Roma, V., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout and: A confirmative analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 7192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sheer, C. V. & Chen, L. (2004). Improving media richness theory: A study of interaction goals, message valence, and task complexity in manager-subordinate communication. Management Communication Quarterly, 18, 7683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simon, S. J. & Peppas, S. C. (2004). An examination of media richness theory in product Web site design: An empirical study. Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, 6 (4), 270281.Google Scholar
Sivasubramaniam, N., Murry, W. D., Avolio, B. J., & Jung, D. I. (2002). A longitudinal model of the effects of team leadership and group potency on group performance. Group & Organization Management, 27, 6696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Valkenburg, P. M., Peter, J. & Walther, J. B. (2016). Media effects: Theory and research. Annual Review of Psychology, 67, 315338.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Warkentin, M. & Beranek, P. M. (1999). Training to improve virtual team communication. Information Systems Journal, 9, 271289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yukl, G. (2009). Leading organizational learning: Reflections on theory and research. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 4953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zaccaro, S. J. & Bader, P. (2003). E-leadership and the challenges of leading e-teams: Minimizing the bad and maximizing the good. Organizational Dynamics, 31, 377387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zelle, J. (2010). Python programming: An introduction to computer science (2nd edn.) Portland, OR: Franklin, Beedle, & Associates.Google Scholar
Zigurs, I. (2003). Leadership in virtual team distributed works: Oxymoron or opportunity? Organizational Dynamics, 31, 339351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Altschuller, S. & Benbunan-Fich, R. (2013). The pursuit of trust in ad-hoc virtual teams: How much electronic portrayal is too much? European Journal of Information Systems, 22(3),619636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andres, H. P. (2011). Shared mental model development during technology-mediated collaboration. International Journal of e-Collaboration, 7(3), 1430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andressen, P., Konradt, U., & Neck, C. P. (2012). The relation between self-leadership and transformational leadership: Competing models and the moderating role of virtuality. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 19(1), 6882.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arling, P. A. and Subramani, M. (2011). The effect of virtuality on individual network centrality and performance in on-going, distributed teams. International Journal of Internet and Enterprise Management, 7(4), 325348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balthazard, P. A., Waldman, D. A., & Warren, J. E. (2009). Predictors of the emergence of transformational leadership in virtual decision teams. Leadership Quarterly, 20(5), 651663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bartelt, V., Dennis, A.R., Yuan, L., and Barlow, J.B. (2013). Individual priming in virtual team decision‐making. Group Decision and Negotiation, 22(5), 873896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bazarova, N. N. & Walther, J. B. (2009). Attributions in virtual groups: Distances and behavioral variations in computer-mediated discussions. Small Group Research, 40(2), 138162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bazarova, N. N., Walther, J. B., & McLeod, P. L. (2012). Minority influence in computer-mediated groups: A comparison of four theories of minority influence. Communication Research, 39(3), 295316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bell, B. S. & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2002). A typology of virtual teams. Group & Organization Management, 27(1), 1449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Belogolovsky, E., Bamberger, P., Alterman, V., & Wagner, D. T. (2016). Looking for assistance in the dark: Pay secrecy, expertise attribution and efficacious help seeking among members of newly formed virtual work groups. Journal of Business and Psychology, 31, 459477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bradley, B. H., Bauer, J. E., Banford, C. G., & Postlethwaite, B. E. (2013). Team players and collective performance: How agreeableness affects team performance over time. Small Group Research, 44(6), 680711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brahm, T. & Kunze, F. (2012). The role of trust climate in virtual teams. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 27(6), 595614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Branson, L., Claussen, T., & Sung, C. H. (2008). Group style differences between virtual and FTF teams. American Journal of Business, 23(1), 6570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlson, J. R., Carlson, D. S., Hunter, E. M., Vaughn, R. L., & George, J. F. (2013). Virtual team effectiveness: Investigating the moderating role experience with computer-mediated communication on the impact of team cohesion and openness. Journal of Organizational and End User Computing, 25(2), 118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charlier, S. D., Stewart, G. L., Greco, L. M., & Reeves, C. J. (2016). Emergent leadership in virtual teams: A multilevel investigation of individual communication and team dispersion antecedents. Leadership Quarterly, 27(5), 745764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cheshin, A., Bos, D. N., Kim, Y., Ning, N., & Olson, S. J. (2013). Emergence of differing electronic communication norms within partially distributed teams. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 12(1), 721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cheshin, A., Rafaeli, A., & Bos, D. N. (2011). Anger and happiness in virtual teams: Emotional influences of text and behavior on others’ affect in the absence of non-verbal cues. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 116(1), 216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chiu, Y. & Staples, D.S. (2013). Reducing faultlines in geographically-dispersed teams: Self-disclosure and task elaboration, Small Group Research: An International Journal of Theory, Investigation, and Application, 44(5), 498531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chudoba, K. M., Wynn, E., Lu, M., & Watson-Manheim, M. B. (2005). How virtual are we? Measuring virtuality and understanding its impact in a global organization. Information Systems Journal, 15(4), 279306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cogliser, C. C., Gardner, W., Trank, C. Q., Gavin, M., Halbesleben, J., & Seers, A. (2013). Not all group exchange structures are created equal: Effects of forms and levels of exchange on work outcomes in virtual teams. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 20(2), 242251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colazo, J. A. & Fang, Y. (2010). Following the sun: temporal dispersion and performance in open source software project teams. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 11(11), 684707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Connelly, C. & Turel, O. (2016). Effects of team emotional authenticity on virtual team performance. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(7), 113.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Crisp, C. B. & Jarvenpaa, S. L. (2013). Swift trust in global virtual teams: Trusting beliefs and normative actions. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 12(1), 4556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cummings, J. N. & Haas, M. R. (2012). So many teams, so little time: Time allocation matters in geographically dispersed teams. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(3), 316341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Jong, R., Schalk, R., & Curseu, P. L. (2008). Virtual communicating, conflicts and performance in teams. Team Performance Management. An International Journal, 14, 364380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellwart, T., Happ, C., Gurtner, A., & Rack, O. (2015). Managing information overload in virtual teams: Effects of a structured online team adaptation on cognition and performance. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(5), 812826.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Erez, M., Lisak, A., Harush, R., Glikson, E., Nouri, R., & Shokef, E. (2013). Going global: Developing management students’ cultural intelligence and global identity in culturally diverse virtual teams. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 12(3), 330355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Espevik, R., Johnsen, B. H., & Eid, J. (2011). Outcomes of shared mental models of team members in cross training and high-intensity simulations. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 5(4), 352377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eubanks, D., Palanski, M., Olabisi, J., Joinson, A., & Dove, J. (2016). Team dynamics in virtual, partially distributed teams: Optimal role fulfillment. Computers in Human Behavior, 61, 556568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fan, K.T., Chen, Y.H., Wang, C.W., & Chen, M. (2014). E-leadership effectiveness in virtual teams: Motivating language perspective, Industrial Management & Data Systems, 114(3), 421437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fuller, C., Marett, K., & Twitchell, D. (2012). An examination of deception in virtual teams: Effects of deception on task performance, mutuality, and trust. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 55(1), 2035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fuller, R. M., Vician, C. M., & Brown, S. A. (2016). Longitudinal Effects of Computer-Mediated Communication Anxiety on Interaction in Virtual Teams. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 59(3), 166185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gajendran, R. & Joshi, A. (2012). Innovation in Globally Distributed Teams: The Role of LMX, Communication Frequency, and Member Influence on Team Decisions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(6), 12521261CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ganesh, M. P. & Gupta, M. (2010). Impact of virtualness and task interdependence on extra-role performance in software development teams. Team Performance Management, 16(3/4), 169186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, C. B. & Gibbs, J. L. (2006). Unpacking the concept of virtuality: The effects of geographic dispersion, electronic dependence, dynamic structure, and national diversity on team innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51(3), 451495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilson, L. L., Maynard, M. T., Young, N. C. J., Vartiainen, M., & Hakonen, M. (2015). Virtual teams research: 10 years, 10 themes, and 10 opportunities. Journal of Management, 41(5), 13131337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giordano, G. & George, J. (2013). The effects of task complexity and group member experience on computer-mediated groups facing deception. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 56(3), 210225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
González-Navarro, P., Orengo, V., Zornoza, A., Ripoll, P., & Peiró, J. M. (2010). Group interaction styles in a virtual context: The effects on group outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(6), 14721480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grand, J. A., Braun, M. T., Kuljanin, G., Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Chao, G. T. (2016). The dynamics of team cognition: A process-oriented theory of knowledge emergence in teams [Monograph]. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101, 13531385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haines, R. (2014). Group development in virtual teams: An experimental reexamination, Computers in Human Behavior, 39, 213222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Han, H. J., Hiltz, S. R., Fjermestad, J. & Wang, Y. (2011). Does medium matter? A comparison of initial meeting modes for virtual teams. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 54(4),376391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hertel, G. S., Geister, S., & Konradt, U. (2005). Managing virtual teams: A review of current empirical research. Human Resource Management Review, 15(1), 6995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hill, N. S. & Bartol, K. M. (2016). Empowering leadership and effective collaboration in geographically dispersed teams. Personnel Psychology, 69(1), 159198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoch, J. E. & Kozlowski, S. W. J. (2014). Leading virtual teams: Hierarchical leadership, structural supports, and shared team leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(3), 390403.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Huang, R., Kahai, S., & Jestice, R. (2010). The contingent effects of leadership on team collaboration in virtual teams. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(5), 10981110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ilgen, D. R., Hollenbeck, J. R., Johnson, M., & Jundt, D. (2005). Teams in organizations: From input-process-output models to IMOI models. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 517543.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Joshi, A., Lazarova, M. B., & Liao, H. (2009). Getting everyone on board: The role of inspirational leadership in geographically dispersed teams. Organization Science, 20(1), 240252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kahai, S., Huang, R., & Jestice, R. (2012). Interaction effect of leadership and communication media on feedback positivity in virtual teams. Group & Organization Management, 37(6), 716751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kerr, D.S. & Murthy, U.S. (2009). Beyond brainstorming: The effectiveness of group support systems for convergence and negotiation tasks, International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 10(4), 245262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirkman, B. L. & Mathieu, J. E. (2005). The dimensions and antecedents of team virtuality. Journal of Management, 31(5), 700718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kirkman, B. L., Gibson, C. B., & Kim, K. (2012). Across borders and technologies: Advancements in virtual teams research. In Kozlowski, S. W. J. (Ed.), Oxford handbook of organizational psychology (vol. 2, pp. 789858). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Konradt, U., Schippers, M., Garbers, Y., & Steenfatt, C. (2015). Effects of guided reflexivity and team feedback on team performance improvement: The role of team regulatory processes and cognitive emergent states. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(5), 777795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. J. & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. In Borman, W. C., Ilgen, D. R., & Klimoski, R. J. (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology (vol. 12, pp. 333375). London: Wiley.Google Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Chao, G. T. (2018). Unpacking team process dynamics and emergent phenomena: Challenges, conceptual advances, and innovative methods. American Psychologist, 73(4), 576592.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kozlowski, S.W.J, Chao, G.T, Grand, J.A, Braun, M.T, & Kuljanin, G. (2013). Advancing multilevel research design: Capturing the dynamics of emergence. Organizational Research Methods, 16(4), 581615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. J. & Ilgen, D. R. (2006). Enhancing the effectiveness of work groups and teams [Monograph]. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 7(3), 77124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. J. & Klein, K. J. (2000). A multilevel approach to theory and research in organizations: Contextual, temporal, and emergent processes. In Klein, K. J. & Kozlowski, S. J. (Eds.), Multilevel theory, research, and methods in organizations: Foundations, extensions, and new directions (pp. 390). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
Kuo, E. W. & Thompson, L. F. (2014). The influence of disposition and social ties on trust in new virtual teammates. Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 4148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuo, F. & Yu, C. (2009). An exploratory study of trust dynamics in work-oriented virtual teams. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14(4), 823854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lea, M. & Spears, R. (1992). Paralanguage and social perception in computer-mediated communication. Journal of Organizational Computing, 2, 321342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liao, C. (2017). Leadership in virtual teams: A multilevel perspective. Human Resource Management Review, 27(4), 648659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lin, C.P., He, H., Baruch, Y., & Ashforth, B. E. (2017). The effect of team affective tone on team performance: The roles of team identification and team cooperation. Human Resource Management.CrossRef
Lira, E., Ripoll, P., Peiró, J.M. & Zornoza, A. (2008). The role of information and communication technologies on the relationship between group effectiveness and group potency. A longitudinal study. Small Group Research, 39(6), 728745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lira, E. M., Ripoll, P., Peiró, J. M., & Orengo, V. (2008). How do different types of intragroup conflict affect group potency in virtual compared with face-to-face teams? A longitudinal study. Behaviour & Information Technology, 27(2), 107114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, X., Magjuka, R., & Lee, S. (2008). An examination of the relationship among structure, trust, and conflict management styles in virtual teams. Performance Improvement Quarter, 21(1),7793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacDonnell, R. M., O’Neill, T., Kline, T., & Hambley, L. (2009). Bringing group-level personality to the electronic realm: A comparison of face-to-face and virtual contexts. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 12(1), 124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magni, M., Maruping, L. M., Hoegl, M., & Proserpio, L. (2013). Managing the unexpected across space: Improvisation, dispersion and performance in NPD teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(5), 10091026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Malhotra, A. & Majchrzak, A. (2014). Enhancing performance of geographically distributed teams through targeted use of information and communication technologies. Human Relations, 67(4), 389411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marett, K. & George, J.F. (2013). Barriers to deceiving other group members in virtual settings. Group Decision and Negotiation, 22(1), 89115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marks, M. A., Mathieu, J. E., & Zaccaro, S. J. (2001). A temporally based framework and taxonomy of team processes. Academy of Management Review, 26(3), 356376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martínez-Moreno, E., Zornoza, A., González-Navarro, P., & Thompson, L. F. (2012). Investigating face-to-face and virtual teamwork over time: When does early task conflict trigger relationship conflict? Group Dynamics: Theory Research and Practice, 16(3), 159171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martínez-Moreno, E., Zornoza, A., Orengo, V., & Thompson, L. F. (2015). The effects of team self-guided training on conflict management in virtual teams. Group Decision and Negotiation, 2(5)4, 905923.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martins, L. L., Gilson, L. L., & Maynard, M. T. (2004). Virtual teams: What do we know and where do we go from here? Journal of Management, 30(6), 805835.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maynard, M. T., Mathieu, J. E., Rapp, T. L., & Gilson, L. L. (2012). Something(s) old and something(s) new: Modeling drivers of global virtual team effectiveness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(3): 342365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McGrath, J. E. (1964). Social psychology: A brief introduction. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart & WinstonGoogle Scholar
McLeod, P. L. (2011). Effects of anonymity and social comparison of rewards on computer-mediated group brainstorming. Small Group Research, 42(4), 475503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLeod, P. L. (2013). Distributed people and distributed information: Vigilant decision-making in virtual teams. Small Group Research, 44(6), 627657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Medina, M.N. & Srivastava, S. (2016). The role of extraversion and communication methods on an individual’s satisfaction with the team. Journal of Organizational Psychology, 16(1).Google Scholar
Mesmer-Magnus, J. R., DeChurch, L. A., Jimenez-Rodriguez, M., Wildman, J., & Shuffler, M. (2011). A meta-analytic investigation of virtuality and information sharing in teams. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 115(2), 214225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Minton-Eversole, T. (2012). Virtual teams used most by global organizations, survey says. Alexandria, VA: Society for Human Resource Management.Google Scholar
Monzani, L., Ripoll, P., Peiro, J.M., & Van Dick, R. (2014). Loafing in the digital age: The role of computer mediated communication in the relation between perceived loafing and group affective outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 279–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Montoya, M.M., Massey, A.P., & Lockwood, N.S. (2011). 3D collaborative virtual environments: Exploring the link between collaborative behaviors and team performance. Decision Sciences, 42(2), 451476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Muethel, M., Gehrlein, S., & Hoegl, M. (2012). Socio‐demographic factors and shared leadership behaviors in dispersed teams: Implications for human resource management. Human Resource Management, 51(4), 525548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nowak, K., Watt, J. H., & Walther, J. B. (2009). Computer mediated teamwork and the efficiency framework: Exploring the influence of synchrony and cues on media satisfaction and outcome success. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(5), 11081119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Leary, M. B. & Cummings, J. N. (2007). The spatial, temporal, and configurational characteristics of geographic dispersion. MIS Quarterly, 31(3), 433452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Leary, M. B. & Mortensen, M. (2010). Go con(figure): Subgroups, imbalance, and isolates in geographically dispersed teams. Organization Science, 21(1), 115131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Neill, T. A., Hancock, S. E., Zivkov, K., Larson, N. L., and Law, S. J. (2016). Team decision making in virtual and face-to-face environments. Group Decision and Negotiation, 25(5), 9951020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ortega, A., Sánchez-Manzanares, M., Gil, F., & Rico, R. (2010) Team learning and effectiveness in virtual project teams: The role of beliefs about interpersonal context. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13(1), 266275.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Paul, R., Drake, J. R., & Liang, H. (2016). Global virtual team performance: The effect of coordination effectiveness, trust, and team cohesion. IEEE Transaction on Professional Communication, 59(3), 186202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pazos, P. & Beruvides, M. G. (2011). Performance patterns in face-to-face and computer-supported teams. Team Performance Management, 17(1/2), 83101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pazos, P. (2012). Conflict management and effectiveness in virtual teams. Team Performance Management, 18(7/8), 401417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peñarroja, V., Orengo, V., Zornoza, A., & Hernandez, A. (2013). The effects of virtuality level on task-related collaborative behaviors: The mediating role of team trust. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 967974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peñarroja, V., Orengo, V., Zornoza, A., Sánchez, J., & Ripoll, P. (2015). How team feedback and team trust influence information processing and learning in virtual teams: A moderated mediation model. Computers In Human Behavior, 48, 489516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pentland, A. S. (2010). To signal is human. Real-time data mining unmasks the power of imitation, kith and charisma in our face-to-face social networks. American Scientist, 98(3), 204211.Google Scholar
Perry, J. S., Lorinkova, N. M., Hunter, E. M., Hubbard, A., & McMahon, J. T. (2013). When does virtuality really “work”? Examining the role of work-family and virtuality in social loafing. Journal of Management, 2, 345357.Google Scholar
Pinjani, P. & Palvia, P. (2013). Trust and knowledge sharing in diverse global virtual teams. Information & Management, 50, 144153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Purvanova, K.R. & Bono, E.J. (2009). Transformational leadership in context: Face-to-face and virtual teams. The Leadership Quarterly, 20, 343–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Purvanova, R. (2013). The role of feeling known for team member outcomes in project teams. Small Group Research, 44(3), 298331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rack, O., Ellwart, T., Hertel, G. & Konradt, U. (2011) Team based rewards in computer-mediated groups. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 26, 419438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rentsch, J. R., Delise, L. A., Mello, A. L., & Staniewicz, M. J. (2014). The integrative team knowledge building training strategy in distributed problem-solving teams. Small Group Research, 45(5), 568591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rico, R., Bachrach, D. G., Sánchez-Manzanares, M., Collins, & B. J. (2011). The interactive effects of person-focused citizenship behaviour, task interdependence, and virtuality on team performance. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20(5), 700726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robert, L. P. (2016). Healthy divide or detrimental division? Subgroups in virtual teams. The Journal of Computer Information Systems, 56(3), 253260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robert, L. P., Denis, A. R., & Hung, Y. T. C. (2009). Individual swift trust and knowledge-based trust in face-to-face and virtual team members. Journal of Management Information Systems, 26(2), 241279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Romeike, P., Nienaber, A.-M, & Schewe, G. (2016). How differences in perceptions of own and team performance impact trust and job satisfaction in virtual teams. Human Performance, 29(4), 291309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruggieri, S. (2009). Leadership in virtual teams: A comparison of transformational and transactional leaders. Social Behavior and Personality, 37, 10171022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarker, S., Ahuja, M., Sarker, S., & Kirkeby, S. (2011). The role of communication and trust in global virtual teams: A social network perspective. Journal of Management Information Systems, 28(1), 273309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarker, S., Sarker, S., & Schneider, C. (2009). Seeing remote team members as leaders: A study of US–Scandinavian teams. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 52(0), 7594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarker, S., Kirkeby, S., Sarker, S., & Chakraborty, S. (2011) Road to “stardom” in globally distributed teams: An examination of a knowledge-centered perspective using social network analysis, Decision Sciences Journal, 42(2), 339370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schiller, S., Mennecke, B., Nah, F., & Luse, A. (2014). Institutional boundaries and trust of virtual teams in collaborative design in a virtual environment, Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 565577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schreiber, M. & Engelmann, T. (2010). Knowledge and information awareness for initiating transactive memory system processes of computer-supported collaborating ad hoc groups. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(6), 17011709.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schweitzer, L. & Duxbury, L. (2010). Conceptualizing and measuring the virtuality of teams. Information Systems Journal, 20(3), 267295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sohrabi, B., Gholipour, A., & Amiri, B. (2011). The influence of information technology on organizational behavior: Study of identity challenges in virtual teams. International Journal of e-Collaboration, 7(2), 1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stark, E., Bierly, P., & Harper, S.R. (2014). The interactive influences of conflict, task interdependence and cooperation on perceptions of virtualness in co-located teams. Team Performance Management: An International Journal, 20(5/6), 221241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stone, N. J. & Posey, M. (2008). Understanding Coordination in Computer-Mediated versus Face-to-Face Groups. Computers in Human Behavior, 24(3), 827851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Straus, S. G. & McGrath, J. E. (1994). Does the medium matter: The interaction of task and technology on group performance and member reactions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(1), 8797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suh, A. & Shin, K. (2010). Exploring the effects of online social ties on knowledge sharing: A comparative analysis of collocated vs dispersed teams. Journal of Information Science, 36 (4), 443463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Suh, A., Shin, K.-S., Ahuja, M., & Kim, M. S. (2011). The influence of virtuality on social networks within and across work groups: A multilevel approach. Journal of Management Information Systems, 28(1), 351386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swaab, R. I., Phillips, K. W., & Schaerer, M. (2016). Secret conversation opportunities facilitate minority influence in virtual groups: The influence on majority power, information processing, and decision quality. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 133, 1732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, D. & Bostrom, R. (2008). Building trust and cooperation through technology adaptation in virtual teams: Empirical field evidence, Information Systems Management, 25(1), 4556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tran, T. B., Oh, C. H., & Choi, S. B. (2016). Effects of learning orientation and global mindset on virtual team members’ willingness to cooperate in: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Journal of Management & Organization, 22(3), 311-327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turel, O. & Connelly, C. (2012). Team spirit: The influence of psychological collectivism on the usage of e-collaboration tools. Group Decision and Negotiation, 21(5), 703725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turel, O. & Zhang, Y. (2010). Does virtual team composition matter? Trait and problem-solving configuration effects on team performance. Behaviour & Information Technology, 29(4), 363375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turel, O. & Zhang, Y. J. (2011). Should I e-collaborate with this group? A multilevel model of usage intentions. Information & Management, 48, 6268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tzabbar, D. & Vestal, A., 2015. Bridging the social chasm in geographically distributed R&D teams: The moderating effects of relational strength and status asymmetry on the novelty of team innovation. Organization Science, 26(3), 811829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van der Kleij, R., de Jong, A., te Brake, G., & de Greef, T. (2009). Network-aware support for mobile distributed teams. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(4), 940948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van der Kleij, R., Lijkwan, J. T. E., Rasker, P. C., & De Dreu, C. K. W. (2009). Effects of time pressure and communication environment on team processes and outcomes in dyadic planning. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 67(5), 411423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van der Kleij, R., Schraagen, J. M., Werkhoven, P., & De Dreu, C. K. W. (2009). How conversations change over time in face-to-face and video-mediated communication. Small Group Research, 40(4), 355381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van de Ven, A. H., Delbecq, A. L., & Koenig, R. (1976). Determinants of coordination modes within organizations. American Sociological Review, 41, 322328.Google Scholar
Walther, J. B. & Bazarova, N. N. (2008). Validation and application of electronic propinquity theory to computer-mediated communication in groups. Communication Research, 35(5), 622645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, C., Hsieh, C., Fan, K., Menefee, M. L. (2009). Impact of motivating language on team creative performance. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 50(1), 133140.Google Scholar
Weber, M. & Kim, H. (2015). Virtuality, technology use, and engagement within organizations. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 43(4), 385407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williams, E. A. & Castro, S. L. (2010) The effects of teamwork on individual learning and perceptions of team performance: A comparison of face‐to‐face and online project settings. Team Performance Management: An International Journal, 16(3/4), 124147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xie, X., Zhu, Y. & Wang, Z. (2009). Effect of the amount of task-relevant information on shared mental models in compute-mediated and face-to-face teams: Is more always better? Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 37(9), 11531160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xue, Y., Liang, H., Hauser, R., & O’Hara, M. (2012). An empirical study of knowledge sharing intention within virtual teams. International Journal of Knowledge Management, 8(3), 4761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yilmaz, G. & Peña, J. (2014). The influence of social categories and interpersonal behaviors on future intentions and attitudes to form subgroups in virtual teams. Communication Research, 41(3), 333352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zheng, S., Zeng, X., & Zhang, C. (2016). The effects of role variety and ability disparity on virtual group performance. Journal of Business Research, 69(9), 34683477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zornoza, A., Orengo, V., & Penarroja, V. (2009). Relational capital in virtual teams: The role played by trust. Social Science Information, 48(2), 257–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alavi, M., Kayworth, T. R., & Leidner, D. E. (2005). An empirical examination of the influence of organizational culture on knowledge management practices. Journal of Management Information Systems, 22(3), 191224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alavi, M. & Leidner, D. E. (2001). Knowledge management and knowledge management systems: Conceptual foundations and research issues. MIS Quarterly, 25(1), 107136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ali-Hassan, H., Nevo, D., & Wade, M. (2015). Linking dimensions of social media use to job performance: The role of social capital. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 24(2), 6589. doi:10.1016/j.jsis.2015.03.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arrow, H., McGrath, J. E., & Berdahl, J. L. (2000). Small groups as complex systems: Formation, coordination, development, and adaptation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Asencio, R., Carter, D. R., DeChurch, L. A., Zaccaro, S. J., & Fiore, S. M. (2012). Charting a course for collaboration: A multiteam perspective. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 24(2), 487494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baldwin, C. & Hippel, E. v. (2011). Modeling a paradigm shift: From producer innovation to user and open collaborative innovation. Organization Science, 22(6), 13991417. doi:10.1287/orsc.1100.0618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bayus, B. L. (2013). Crowdsourcing new product ideas over time: An analysis of the Dell IdeaStorm community. Management Science, 59(1), 226244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beal, D. J., Cohen, R. P., Burke, M. J., & McLendon, C. L. (2003). Cohesion and performance in groups: A meta-analytic clarification of construct relations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 9891004.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beck, R., Pahlke, I., & Seebach, C. (2014). Knowledge exchange and symbolic action in social media-enabled electronic networks of practice: A multilevel perspective on knowledge seekers and contributors. MIS Quarterly, 38(4), 12451270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bélanger, F. & Crossler, R. E. (2011). Privacy in the digital age: a review of information privacy research in information systems. MIS Quarterly, 35(4), 10171042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkelaar, B. L. (2014). Cybervetting, Online Information, and Personnel Selection New Transparency Expectations and the Emergence of a Digital Social Contract. Management Communication Quarterly, 28(4), 479506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bertot, J. C., Jaeger, P. T., & Grimes, J. M. (2010). Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency: E-government and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies. Government Information Quarterly, 27(3), 264271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bharati, P., Zhang, W., & Chaudhury, A. (2015). Better knowledge with social media? Exploring the roles of social capital and organizational knowledge management. Journal of Knowledge Management, 19(3), 456475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
boyd, d. m. (2010). Social network sites as networked publics: Affordances, dynamics, and implications. In Papacharissi, P. (Ed.), The networked self: Identity, community, and culture on social network sites (pp. 3958). New York, N.Y.: Routledge.Google Scholar
boyd, d. & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brzozowski, M. J. (2009). WaterCooler: exploring an organization through enterprise social media. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the ACM 2009 international conference on Supporting group work.CrossRef
Bucher, E., Fieseler, C., & Suphan, A. (2013). The stress potential of social media in the workplace. Information, Communication & Society, 16(10), 16391667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cardon, P. W. & Marshall, B. (2015). The hype and reality of social media use for work collaboration and team communication. International Journal of Business Communication, 52(3), 273293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Charoensukmongkol, P. (2014). Effects of support and job demands on social media use and work outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 340349. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2014.03.061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, S. G. & Bailey, D. E. (1997). What makes teams work: Group effectiveness research from the shop floor to the executive suite. Journal of Management, 23(3), 239290. doi:10.1177/014920639702300303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colbert, A., Yee, N., & George, G. (2016). The digital workforce and the workplace of the future. Academy of Management Journal, 59(3), 731739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cross, R., Borgatti, S. P., & Parker, A. (2002). Making invisible work visible: Using social network analysis to support strategic collaboration. California Management Review, 44(2), 2546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cummings, J. N. (2004). Work groups, structural diversity, and knowledge sharing in a global organization. Management Science, 50(3), 352364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dahlin, K. B., Weingart, L. R., & Hinds, P. J. (2005). Team diversity and information use. Academy of Management Journal, 48(6), 11071123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dale, S. (2014). Gamification making work fun, or making fun of work? Business Information Review, 31(2), 8290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Denyer, D., Parry, E., & Flowers, P. (2011). “Social”, “open” and “participative”? Exploring personal experiences and organizational effects of Enterprise2.0 use. Long Range Planning, 44(5–6), 375396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DiMicco, J., Millen, D. R., Geyer, W., Dugan, C., Brownholtz, B., & Muller, M. (2008). Motivations for social networking at work. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2008 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work.CrossRef
DiMicco, J. M., Geyer, W., Millen, D., Dugan, C., & Brownholtz, B. (2009). People sensemaking and relationship building on an enterprise social networking site. Paper presented at the HICSS’09. 42nd Hawaii International Conference, Hawaii.
Dong, J. Q. & Wu, W. (2015). Business value of social media technologies: Evidence from online user innovation communities. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 24(2), 113127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duffy, B. E. (2015). Gendering the labor of social media production. Feminist Media Studies, 15(4), 710714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Earley, C. P. & Mosakowski, E. (2000). Creating hybrid team cultures: An empirical test of transnational team functioning. Academy of Management Journal, 43(1), 2649.Google Scholar
Edmondson, A. C. (2012). Teaming: How organizations learn, innovate, and compete in the knowledge economy. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Ellison, N. B., Gibbs, J. L., & Weber, M. S. (2015). The use of enterprise social network sites for knowledge sharing in distributed organizations. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(1), 103123. doi:10.1177/0002764214540510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2011). Connection strategies: Social capital implications of Facebook-enabled communication practices. New Media & Society, 13(6), 873892. doi:10.1177/1461444810385389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferguson, J., Soekijad, M., Huysman, M., & Vaast, E. (2013). A vision for development? Blogging in ICT4D. Information systems journal, 23(4), 307328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fidelman, M. (2012). IBM study: If you don’t have a social CEO, you’re going to be less competitive. Forbes. Retrieved from www.forbes.com/sites/markfidelman/2012/05/22/ibm-study-if-you-dont-have-a-social-ceo-youre-going-to-be-less-competitive/.
Fiore, S. M. & Wiltshire, T. J. (2016). Technology as teammate: Examining the role of external cognition in support of team cognitive processes. Frontiers in Psychology: Cognitive Science, 7, 117.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fleming, L. & Waguespack, D. M. (2007). Brokerage, boundary spanning, and leadership in open innovation communities. Organization Science, 18(2), 165180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ford, D. P. & Mason, R. M. (2013). A multilevel perspective of tensions between knowledge management and social Media. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 23(1–2), 733. doi:10.1080/10919392.2013.748604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fulk, J. & Yuan, Y. C. (2013). Location, motivation, and social capitalization via enterprise social networking. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19(1), 2037. doi:10.1111/jcc4.12033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibbs, J. L., Eisenberg, J., Rozaidi, N. A., & Gryaznova, A. (2014). The “Megapozitiv” role of enterprise social media in enabling cross-boundary communication in a distributed Russian organization. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(1), 75102. doi:10.1177/0002764214540511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibbs, J. L., Rozaidi, N. A., & Eisenberg, J. (2013). Overcoming the “ideology of openness”: Probing the affordances of social media for organizational knowledge sharing. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 19(1), 102120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, C. & Vermeulen, F. (2003). A healthy divide: Subgroups as a stimulus for team learning behavior. Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(2), 202239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibson, C. B. (2001). From knowledge accumulation to accommodation: Cycles of collective cognition in work groups. Journal of organizational Behavior, 22(2), 121134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
Griffith, T. L., Sawyer, J. E., & Neale, M. A. (2003). Virtualness and knowledge in teams: Managing the love triangle of organizations, individuals, and information technology. MIS Quarterly, 27(2), 265287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hackman, J. R. (1987). The design of work teams. In Lorsch, J. W. (Ed.), Handbook of organizational behavior (pp. 315342). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1980). Work redesign. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
Hogan, B. (2010). The presentation of self in the age of social media: Distinguishing performances and exhibitions online. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, 30(6), 377386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hollingshead, A. B. & Contractor, N. S. (2002). New media and organizing at the group level. The Handbook of New Media, 221235.
Huang, Y., Singh, P. V., & Ghose, A. (2015). A structural model of employee behavioral dynamics in enterprise social media. Management Science, 61(12), 28252844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ibarra, H. (1992). Homophily and differential returns: Sex differences in network structure and access in an advertising firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 37(3), 422447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ilgen, D. R. (1999). Teams embedded in organizations: Some implications. American Psychologist, 54(2), 129139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ilgen, D. R., Hollenbeck, J. R., Johnson, M., & Jundt, D. (2005). Teams in organizations: From input-process-output models to IMOI models. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 517543. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070250.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Iyer, G. & Katona, Z. (2016). Competing for attention in social communication markets. Management Science, 62(8), 23042320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jackson, A., Yates, J., & Orlikowski, W. (2007). Corporate Blogging: Building community through persistent digital talk. Paper presented at the System Sciences, 2007. HICSS 2007. 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on.CrossRef
Jackson, P. (2012). Transactive directories of organizational memory: Towards a working data model. Information & Management, 49(2), 118125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jarrahi, M. H. & Sawyer, S. (2015). Theorizing on the take-up of social technologies, organizational policies and norms, and consultants’ knowledge-sharing practices. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(1), 162179. doi:10.1002/asi.23161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kallinikos, J. & Tempini, N. (2014). Patient data as medical facts: Social media practices as a foundation for medical knowledge creation. Information Systems Research, 25(4), 817833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kane, G., Alavi, M., Labianca, G., & Borgatti, S. P. (2014). What’s different about social media networks? A framework and research agenda. MIS Quarterly, 38(1), 275304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kane, G. C., Johnson, J., & Majchrzak, A. (2014). Emergent life cycle: The tension between knowledge change and knowledge retention in open online coproduction communities. Management Science, 60(2), 30263048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klimoski, R. & Mohammed, S. (1994). Team mental model: Construct or metaphor? Journal of Management, 20(2), 403437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koch, H., Leidner, D. E., & Gonzalez, E. S. (2013). Digitally enabling social networks: resolving IT–culture conflict. Information Systems Journal, 23(6), 501523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kozlowski, S. W. & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. In Borman, W.C., Ilgen, D.R., & Klimoski, R.J. (Eds.), Handbook of Psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology, Vol. 12 (pp. 333375). London, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar
Krauss, R. M. & Fussell, S. R. (1990). Mutual knowledge and communicative effectiveness. In Galegher, J., Kraut, R. E., & Egido, C. (Eds.), Intellectual teamwork: Social and technological foundations of cooperative work (pp. 111146). New York, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation: New York, NY: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leftheriotis, I. & Giannakos, M. N. (2014). Using social media for work: Losing your time or improving your work? Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 134142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leidner, D. E., Koch, H., & Gonzales, E. (2010). Assimilating generation Y IT new hires into USAA’s workforce: The role of an Enterprise 2.0 system. MIS Quarterly Executive, 9(4), 163176.Google Scholar
Leonardi, P. M. (2014). Social media, knowledge sharing, and innovation: Toward a theory of communication visibility. Information Systems Research, 25(4), 796816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leonardi, P. M. (2015). Ambient awareness and knowledge acquisition: Using social media to learn “who knows what” and “who knows whom”. MIS Quarterly, 39(4), 747762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leonardi, P. M., Huysman, M., & Steinfield, C. (2013). Enterprise social media: Definition, history, and prospects for the study of social technologies in organizations. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 19(1), 1