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19 - Principles for Managing Essential Processing in Multimedia Learning

Segmenting, Pre-training, and Modality Principles*

from Part V - Principles for Managing Essential Processing in Multimedia Learning

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 November 2021

Richard E. Mayer
University of California, Santa Barbara
Logan Fiorella
University of Georgia
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When a multimedia lesson containing complicated material is presented at a fast pace, the result can be a form of cognitive overload called essential overload. Three multimedia design methods intended to minimize essential overload are the segmenting, pre-training, and modality principles. The segmenting principle is that people learn more deeply when a multimedia message is presented in learner-paced segments rather than as a continuous unit. The pre-training principle is that people learn more deeply from a multimedia message when they know the names and characteristics of the main concepts. The modality principle is that people learn more deeply from a multimedia message when the words are spoken rather than printed.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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