Published online by Cambridge University Press: 13 December 2019
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a scientific discipline that seeks to understand intelligence through the design and construction of intelligent machines. AI and cognitive science have a strong two-way relationship: Cognitive psychology often has inspired AI theories, and AI research has led to new theories of cognition that have been tested through psychological experimentation. While AI theories of cognition often are under-constrained, cognitive theories of AI tend to be over-constrained. Nevertheless, AI is useful for cognitive psychologists both as a source of new ideas and insights, and an experimental testbed. In this chapter, we describe some of the basic concepts and methods of AI by taking robot navigation in a city as an illustrative example. We also briefly discuss the history of AI, methods for assessing progress in AI, and some of AI’s potential impacts on society.