Published online by Cambridge University Press: 24 December 2019
This chapter critically reviews the main literature on bilingual lexical selection and competition with an emphasis on speech production and cross-language cognates. We review the most relevant evidence of language coactivation, language competition, and language inhibition, with a focus on evidence from the language- and task-switching paradigm. The chapter also looks at the main factors affecting language control as well as to the extent to which language control is a subsidiary of domain-general executive functions. Finally, we discuss ongoing dialogues on the bilingual advantage debate.