Published online by Cambridge University Press: 23 January 2021
3. Beyond Pastoralism: Diaspora and Opportunity, 2200–2000 BC
Following a significant decline in local environmental conditions ca. 2200 B.C., which contributed to the collapse of agropastoralism in the zone of uncertainty, the movements of Amorite refugees are documented from Mesopotamia to the Levant. Mercenarism and state service are highlighted as significant avenues to economic and political power across the Near East in the late third millennium.