Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-9hjnw Total loading time: 0.355 Render date: 2022-07-06T00:22:20.970Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Introduction

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 January 2010

Reiko Gotoh
Affiliation:
Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto
Paul Dumouchel
Affiliation:
Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto
Get access

Summary

Most injustices occur continuously within the framework of an established polity with an operative system of law, in normal times. Often, it is the very people who are supposed to prevent injustice who, in their official capacity, commit the gravest acts of injustice, without much protest from the citizenry.

Amartya Sen's alternative economics: a new methodology for a theory of justice

“Why then,” asks Judith Shklar, “do most philosophers refuse to think about injustice as deeply or as subtly as they do about justice?” Philosophers, she argues, generally construe injustice as a breach of justice, as a breakdown or transgression of the normal order of the world. Therefore, even when they do not agree with Hobbes that “Where there is no common power, there is no law; where no law, no injustice,” they spontaneously think of injustice against the background of a conception of justice, as if injustices were invisible and made no sense outside a shared ideal of justice.

In Amartya Sen's work the expression “against injustice” is inseparable from the idea of “patent injustice” and indicates that the perception of injustice comes first. “Against injustice” as it is understood by Sen constitutes a challenge to most theories of justice. One that says that the recognition of patent injustices is possible without reference to an explicit theory of justice, and that coming to a reasoned agreement about such injustices and the need to remedy them does not presuppose a shared conception of justice. How can this be possible?

Type
Chapter
Information
Against Injustice
The New Economics of Amartya Sen
, pp. 1 - 36
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Akerlof, George A. 1982. “Labor Contract as Partial Gift Exchange,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 97 (4): 543–69 (repr. in Akerlof, An Economics Theorist's Book of Tales, Cambridge University Press, 1984, ch. 8).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Akerlof, George A. 1984. “Gift Exchange and Efficiency-Wage Theory,” American Economic Review, 74 (2): 79–83.Google Scholar
Altham, J. E. J. and Harrison, Ross (eds.) 1995. World, Mind and Ethics. Essays on the Ethical Philosophy of Bernard Williams, Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
Arrow, K. J. 1963. Social Choice and Individual Values, 2nd edn., New York: J. Wiley & Sons; originally published 1951.Google Scholar
Arrow, K. J. and Intriligator, M. (eds.) 1986. Handbook of Mathematical Economics, vol. III, Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Bergson, A. 1938. “A Reformulation of Certain Aspects of Welfare Economics,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 52: 310–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Camerer, Colin F. 1988. “Gifts as Economic Signals and Social Symbols,” American Journal of Sociology, 94 (Supplement): 180–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gotoh, R. 2006, “Welfare Reform Based on Capability Theory and Public Reciprocity – An Idea of Reformulation of Basic Income,” paper presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the Human Development and Capability Association, Groningen.
Gotoh, R. 2007. “A Note on Capability Comparison and Social Evaluation,” paper for the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Department of International Development, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford, May 29 –June 1, 2007.
Hobbes, Thomas. 1994. Leviathan, in Curley, Edwin (ed.), Leviathan: With Selected Variants from the Latin Edition of 1668, Hackett Pub Co Inc.; originally published in 1651 as Leviathan, or the Matter, Forme, and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiasticall and Civil.Google Scholar
Kahneman, Daniel, Slovic, Paul, and Tversky, Amos (eds.) 1982. Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases, Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
Nozick, R. 1974. Anarchy, State and Utopia. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Rawls, J. 1971. A Theory of Justice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Samuelson, P. A. 1983. Foundations of Economic Analysis, enlarged edn., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; first published 1947.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1967. “The Nature and Classes of Prescriptive Judgements,” Philosophical Quarterly, 17: 46–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1970. Collective Choice and Social Welfare, San Francisco: Holden-Day.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1977a. “Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioural Foundations of Economic Theory,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 6: 317–44.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1977b. “On Weights and Measures: Informational Constraints in Social Welfare Analysis,” Econometrica, 45 (7): 1539–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1980. “Equality of What?” The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, vol. I, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press; (reprinted in Sen 1982a: 353–69).Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1982a. Choice, Welfare and Measurement, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1982b. “Choice, Orderings and Morality,” in Sen 1982a: 74–83.
Sen, A. K. 1985. Commodities and Capabilities, Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1986. “Social Choice Theory,” in Arrow, and Intriligator, (eds.), pp. 1079–181.
Sen, A. K. 1987. On Ethics and Economics, Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1992. Inequality Reexamined, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1993. “Positional Objectivity,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 22: 126–45; (reprinted in Sen 2002a: 463–83).Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1995. “Is the Idea of a Purely Internal Consistency of Choice Bizarre?” in Altham, and Harrison, (eds.), pp. 19–35.
Sen, A. K. 1997. On Economic Inequality, expanded edn. with a substantial annex by Foster, James E. and Sen, Amartya K., Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 1999. Development as Freedom, New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 2000. “Consequential Evaluation and Practical Reason,” The Journal of Philosophy, 97 (9): 477–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, A. K. 2002a. Rationality and Freedom, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Sen, A. K. 2002b. “Open and Closed Impartiality,” The Journal of Philosophy, 99 (9): 445–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sen, A. K. and Williams, B. (eds.) 1982. Utilitarianism and Beyond, Cambridge University Press.CrossRef
Shklar, J. 1990. The Faces of Injustice, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Simon, H. 1955. “A Behavioral Model of Rational Choice,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 69 (1): 99–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simon, H. 1979. Models of Thought, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
1
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×