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Chapter 18 - Changes through Time in the Early Neolithic Settlement of Kovačevo, Southwest Bulgaria

from Part IV - Southeast Europe

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 April 2022

Peter F. Biehl
Affiliation:
University of California, Santa Cruz
Eva Rosenstock
Affiliation:
Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
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Summary

The Early Neolithic settlement of Kovačevo was founded during the period with particularly cold and arid climate conditions caused by the 6.2-Event. Excavations provide good evidence that the inhabitants were frequently struck by strong rainfalls and had thus to combat heavy inundations and remaining puddles. The invention of drainage pits under the buildings can therefore be interpreted as a result of regional adaptation to such weather conditions. This construction technique also existed at other sites in southeastern Europe. In Kovačevo such buildings represent nearly half of the excavated houses. They exist from the beginning of the Early Neolithic settlement (about 6200 calBC) and continue to be constructed until the Middle Neolithic (about 5400 calBC), which means that a custom initially motivated by climatic condition became part of local tradition and persisted over a period of 800 years, even after the wet period was over.

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Chapter
Information
6000 BC
Transformation and Change in the Near East and Europe
, pp. 301 - 318
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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